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Logic & Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking and Identifying Logical Fallacies

The following arguments contained various kinds of fallacies. We had to formulate each fallacy into an argument. 1. We can recognize that athletes that can participate in sports must be given special consideration within our grading system, or we can let the university descend into athletic oblivion. 2. I do not know wh

One Person, Two Votes Proposal

There was a proposal in the erly part of this country tht people with college degrees should have two votes, everyone elso one. I have tried to research this and cannot find anything. I need some ideas for argument for this issue and some against it. Can you help me.

Reasoning and Critical Thinking problem is solved.

It is noon, your lunch hour and you cannot go outside due to the fact it is hailing and raining. You radio weather man says the hail will turn to all rain and it will continue to rain for the remainder of the day. How can one determine if hte sun will be shining in 36 hours. Justify the answer.

How Logic Fits into Our Thought Processes

Many people think of logic alone when they think of critical thinking. One has to be aware of emotion,s stereotyping, and enculturation. What is the role of logic in all of this. How does logic fit into our thought processes?

Syllogism Completion Exercise is guided.

The following are examples of syllogistic arguments that are missing the conclusion. Study the two reasons very carefully and complete the syllogism with the conclusion that logically follows. 1. All mammals are warm-blooded animals. All whales are mammals. Therefore 2. All flowers are pretty objects. All pansies are f

syllogism completion exercise

The following are examples of syllogistic arguments that are missing the conclusions. Study the two reasons very carefully and complete the syllogism with the conclusion that logically follows. 1. All fragile things are breakable things. Some glasses are fragile things. Therefore 2. All mammals are warm-blooded animal

Logic boat/river issue

Nine men and two boys, trekking through the jungle, need to cross the river. They have a small inflatable boat and it's easy enough to row it across the river. The boat, however, can only hold no more than one man and two boys. How can they all get across? (Hint: suppost there was only one man and two boys.)

How can they get across?

Nine men and two boys, trekking through the jungle, need to cross a river. They have a small inflatable boat and it's easy enough to row it across the river. The boat, however, can hold no more than one man and two boys. How can they get all across? (Hint. Suppose there was only one man and two boys).

How many books does Jo own?

Jo announces: "I have more than 999 books." Jean says: "No, Jo! You have fewer than 1,000 books." Mary says: "Jo has at least 1 book." Only one of these statements is true. How many books does Jo own?

Accurate Soft Deductions Feedback

Can you please revised the soft deductions in the attachment and give immediate feedback, I need to know if i am on the same page as your-self 1. Generally, women prefer men of high status. Celestina is a woman. Therefore, Celestina probably prefers men of high status. All women prefer men of high status. Celestina is a

Soft Deduction scenarios are illustrated.

For each of the following arguments, try to think of some critical information that could weaken or discount the conclusion. How could the argument be expressed to eliminate the weakness? 1. Generally, women prefer men of high status. Celestina is a woman. Therefore, Celestina probably prefers men of high status. 2. Generally, T

Critical thinking questions and issues are featured.

Recently, the Vice President ("VP") of the Marketing Department at American Motors ("AM"), a fictitious large automobile manufacturing company, studied methods for increasing AM's market share of electric cars. Industry sales figures showed that AM ranked third behind the number of electric cars sold by its two biggest competito

Applying the First Four Rules of Inference

I don't understand how to apply the first four rules of inference to this statement: "Every piece of reasoning must start somewhere. And if every piece of reasoning starts somewhere, then every piece of reasoning begins with an unsupported premise. Now, if every piece of reasoning begins with an unsupported premise, then all

Truth Tables Valid or Invalid Functions

Determine if this statement is valid or invalid by using the truth table method and then explain why it is valid or invalid. Human behavior is determined only if human behavior is not free. Human behavior is determined; nevertheless, it is free. Therefore, life is but a dream.

translate into Propositional Logic form

I have 25 statements I'm supposed to translate into Propositional Logic form and these three are giving me some trouble. Do you think you could help? e) Liza Minelli marries another businessman if Michael Jackson has another nose job, provided it is not the case that neither Britney Spears nor Justin Timberlake is videotape

Modern Square of Opposition

I'm not really sure if this is a valid argument or not. We are supposed to solve it using the modern square of opposition and the wording is just confusing me! a. It is false that some dogs are not mammals. Therefore, it is false that no dogs are mammals. Valid or invalid?

Counterexample Method Validity

Can you show me how to use the counterexample method to prove the following categorical syllogism invalid. "All criminals who assist other criminals in bank robberies are persons guilty of larceny. Accordingly, some individuals driven by greed are not persons guilty of larceny, inasmuch as some criminals who assist other cri

Truth Tables

How do you use truth tables to show if an argument is valid or not??? a.Ray is thinking about his study plans. He thinks: If I don't study, then I won't do well on the test.: Therefore, if I do well, then I have studied. Is Ray's inference valid? I set it up so that: S=I study W=I do well on the test Ray's argume

Truth Tables

I don't get how to set up truth tables with the operator symbols. How do I know what operator to put where? Can you help???? a.George Washington was the 20th U.S. President only if Thomas Jefferson played in a band with Britney Spears. b.Either George W. Bush is the current President and Bill Clinton is his vice-president

David Hume's "Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding"

Hello, I've just started reading David Hume's "Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding" and I'm trying to figure out why Hume argues (look in part 1 of Section 4) that knowledge of "causes & effects" can't be gained through reason alone? Why can't it be? I think it's logical that reason works alone sufficiently. Please explain