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Logic & Critical Thinking

How Logic Fits into Our Thought Processes

Many people think of logic alone when they think of critical thinking. One has to be aware of emotion,s stereotyping, and enculturation. What is the role of logic in all of this. How does logic fit into our thought processes?

Syllogism Completion Exercise is guided.

The following are examples of syllogistic arguments that are missing the conclusion. Study the two reasons very carefully and complete the syllogism with the conclusion that logically follows. 1. All mammals are warm-blooded animals. All whales are mammals. Therefore 2. All flowers are pretty objects. All pansies are f

syllogism completion exercise

The following are examples of syllogistic arguments that are missing the conclusions. Study the two reasons very carefully and complete the syllogism with the conclusion that logically follows. 1. All fragile things are breakable things. Some glasses are fragile things. Therefore 2. All mammals are warm-blooded animal

Logic boat/river issue

Nine men and two boys, trekking through the jungle, need to cross the river. They have a small inflatable boat and it's easy enough to row it across the river. The boat, however, can only hold no more than one man and two boys. How can they all get across? (Hint: suppost there was only one man and two boys.)

How can they get across?

Nine men and two boys, trekking through the jungle, need to cross a river. They have a small inflatable boat and it's easy enough to row it across the river. The boat, however, can hold no more than one man and two boys. How can they get all across? (Hint. Suppose there was only one man and two boys).

How many books does Jo own?

Jo announces: "I have more than 999 books." Jean says: "No, Jo! You have fewer than 1,000 books." Mary says: "Jo has at least 1 book." Only one of these statements is true. How many books does Jo own?

Accurate Soft Deductions Feedback

Can you please revised the soft deductions in the attachment and give immediate feedback, I need to know if i am on the same page as your-self 1. Generally, women prefer men of high status. Celestina is a woman. Therefore, Celestina probably prefers men of high status. All women prefer men of high status. Celestina is a

Critical thinking questions and issues are featured.

Recently, the Vice President ("VP") of the Marketing Department at American Motors ("AM"), a fictitious large automobile manufacturing company, studied methods for increasing AM's market share of electric cars. Industry sales figures showed that AM ranked third behind the number of electric cars sold by its two biggest competito

Applying the First Four Rules of Inference

I don't understand how to apply the first four rules of inference to this statement: "Every piece of reasoning must start somewhere. And if every piece of reasoning starts somewhere, then every piece of reasoning begins with an unsupported premise. Now, if every piece of reasoning begins with an unsupported premise, then all

translate into Propositional Logic form

I have 25 statements I'm supposed to translate into Propositional Logic form and these three are giving me some trouble. Do you think you could help? e) Liza Minelli marries another businessman if Michael Jackson has another nose job, provided it is not the case that neither Britney Spears nor Justin Timberlake is videotape

Truth Tables

How do you use truth tables to show if an argument is valid or not??? a.Ray is thinking about his study plans. He thinks: If I don't study, then I won't do well on the test.: Therefore, if I do well, then I have studied. Is Ray's inference valid? I set it up so that: S=I study W=I do well on the test Ray's argume

Truth Tables

I don't get how to set up truth tables with the operator symbols. How do I know what operator to put where? Can you help???? a.George Washington was the 20th U.S. President only if Thomas Jefferson played in a band with Britney Spears. b.Either George W. Bush is the current President and Bill Clinton is his vice-president

David Hume's "Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding"

Hello, I've just started reading David Hume's "Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding" and I'm trying to figure out why Hume argues (look in part 1 of Section 4) that knowledge of "causes & effects" can't be gained through reason alone? Why can't it be? I think it's logical that reason works alone sufficiently. Please explain

Believing in God

Do you believe that God exists if you had not been taught at an early age that God exists?

Venn Diagrams

7.Use Venn diagrams to evaluate these inference. Be sure to label your diagrams: ( a. It is false that some baseball players are people who do not take steroids. Therefore, no baseball players are people who do not take steroids. b. All bride grooms are nervous wrecks. Therefore, it is false that some bridge grooms are

Modern Square of Opposition

Use the Modern Square of opposition to determine whether the following inferences are valid. (To do this, state the type of proposition each is and show how the one does or doesn't imply the other.) a. No country music singers are musicians who despise twang. Therefore, some country music singers are not musicians who des

ARGUMENTS OF AND AGAINST GOD'S EXISTENCE

The arguments for the existence of God, as famously outlined in the five ways of Thomas Aquinas (in his Summa Theologica) were meant to provide a convincing proof for the existence of God. It was not original with Aquinas. From the very beginnings of Western Philosophy, Pre-Socratic philosophers argued for a transcendent being

Important information about Symbolize and prove the arguments provided

Use conjective symbols and the nine valid inference rules MP, MT, SIMP, CONJ, ABS, ADD, DS, HS Either animals are mere mechanisms (M) or they feel pain (P). If either animals feel pain or they have souls (S), then they have a right not to be subjected to needless pain (R) and humans have a duty not to inflict needless pain