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# Logic & Critical Thinking

### How Logic Fits into Our Thought Processes

Many people think of logic alone when they think of critical thinking. One has to be aware of emotion,s stereotyping, and enculturation. What is the role of logic in all of this. How does logic fit into our thought processes?

### Syllogism Completion Exercise is guided.

The following are examples of syllogistic arguments that are missing the conclusion. Study the two reasons very carefully and complete the syllogism with the conclusion that logically follows. 1. All mammals are warm-blooded animals. All whales are mammals. Therefore 2. All flowers are pretty objects. All pansies are f

### syllogism completion exercise

The following are examples of syllogistic arguments that are missing the conclusions. Study the two reasons very carefully and complete the syllogism with the conclusion that logically follows. 1. All fragile things are breakable things. Some glasses are fragile things. Therefore 2. All mammals are warm-blooded animal

### Logic boat/river issue

Nine men and two boys, trekking through the jungle, need to cross the river. They have a small inflatable boat and it's easy enough to row it across the river. The boat, however, can only hold no more than one man and two boys. How can they all get across? (Hint: suppost there was only one man and two boys.)

### How can they get across?

Nine men and two boys, trekking through the jungle, need to cross a river. They have a small inflatable boat and it's easy enough to row it across the river. The boat, however, can hold no more than one man and two boys. How can they get all across? (Hint. Suppose there was only one man and two boys).

### How many books does Jo own?

Jo announces: "I have more than 999 books." Jean says: "No, Jo! You have fewer than 1,000 books." Mary says: "Jo has at least 1 book." Only one of these statements is true. How many books does Jo own?

### Accurate Soft Deductions Feedback

Can you please revised the soft deductions in the attachment and give immediate feedback, I need to know if i am on the same page as your-self 1. Generally, women prefer men of high status. Celestina is a woman. Therefore, Celestina probably prefers men of high status. All women prefer men of high status. Celestina is a

### Critical thinking questions and issues are featured.

Recently, the Vice President ("VP") of the Marketing Department at American Motors ("AM"), a fictitious large automobile manufacturing company, studied methods for increasing AM's market share of electric cars. Industry sales figures showed that AM ranked third behind the number of electric cars sold by its two biggest competito

### Applying the First Four Rules of Inference

I don't understand how to apply the first four rules of inference to this statement: "Every piece of reasoning must start somewhere. And if every piece of reasoning starts somewhere, then every piece of reasoning begins with an unsupported premise. Now, if every piece of reasoning begins with an unsupported premise, then all

### translate into Propositional Logic form

I have 25 statements I'm supposed to translate into Propositional Logic form and these three are giving me some trouble. Do you think you could help? e) Liza Minelli marries another businessman if Michael Jackson has another nose job, provided it is not the case that neither Britney Spears nor Justin Timberlake is videotape

### Rules of Inference

Rules of Inference

### Rules of Inference

Rules of Inference

### Rules of Inference

Rules of Inference

### Differences of Amphiboly and Equivocation

What is the difference between amphiboly and equivocation?

### An explanation of the consequences of rejecting the two dogmas of empiricism, as argued for by Quine.

What are the consequences, according to Quine, of rejecting what he calls 'the two dogmas of empiricism?

### Brief discussion and an example of the difference between Savage's and Jeffrey's frameworks for decision theory.

What is the main difference between Savage's and Jeffrey's framework for decision theory?

### A subcategory of informal errors of argumentation is that of errors of relevance. Various types of such errors are discussed and exemplified.

Which are the errors of relevance within the category of informal errors of argumentation?

### Truth Tables

How do you use truth tables to show if an argument is valid or not??? a.Ray is thinking about his study plans. He thinks: If I don't study, then I won't do well on the test.: Therefore, if I do well, then I have studied. Is Ray's inference valid? I set it up so that: S=I study W=I do well on the test Ray's argume

### Truth Tables

I don't get how to set up truth tables with the operator symbols. How do I know what operator to put where? Can you help???? a.George Washington was the 20th U.S. President only if Thomas Jefferson played in a band with Britney Spears. b.Either George W. Bush is the current President and Bill Clinton is his vice-president

### David Hume's "Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding"

Hello, I've just started reading David Hume's "Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding" and I'm trying to figure out why Hume argues (look in part 1 of Section 4) that knowledge of "causes & effects" can't be gained through reason alone? Why can't it be? I think it's logical that reason works alone sufficiently. Please explain

### Religious Belief and Argument Success

Why some people use religious belief to explain their argument? I am not religious person, could you give me example?

### Existence of God: Importance of Knowing

Is is important to know whether god exists or not?

### Believing in God

Do you believe that God exists if you had not been taught at an early age that God exists?

### Venn Diagrams

7.Use Venn diagrams to evaluate these inference. Be sure to label your diagrams: ( a. It is false that some baseball players are people who do not take steroids. Therefore, no baseball players are people who do not take steroids. b. All bride grooms are nervous wrecks. Therefore, it is false that some bridge grooms are

### Modern Square of Opposition

Use the Modern Square of opposition to determine whether the following inferences are valid. (To do this, state the type of proposition each is and show how the one does or doesn't imply the other.) a. No country music singers are musicians who despise twang. Therefore, some country music singers are not musicians who des

### The Socratic definition of justice in the state and in the individual.

How does Socrates define justice in Plato's Republic? I am having a hard time understanding his line of argument. How does his definition of justice of the individual relate to his argument for justice in the state?

### Trying to understand and show how to solve problems using the rules of validity to show when syllogisms are valid.

Question: Using the rules of validity, show what syllogisms are valid, when the conclusion is O. ------------------------------------------------------ This is the correct answer of the same question, but with the conclusion being I (it is preferred to have the answer in this format, showing the rules that applied to ea

### ARGUMENTS OF AND AGAINST GOD'S EXISTENCE

The arguments for the existence of God, as famously outlined in the five ways of Thomas Aquinas (in his Summa Theologica) were meant to provide a convincing proof for the existence of God. It was not original with Aquinas. From the very beginnings of Western Philosophy, Pre-Socratic philosophers argued for a transcendent being

### Determining whether a sentence is consistent is the objective.

Marx's claim that "The communists preach no morality at all." Is he being consistent?

### Important information about Symbolize and prove the arguments provided

Use conjective symbols and the nine valid inference rules MP, MT, SIMP, CONJ, ABS, ADD, DS, HS Either animals are mere mechanisms (M) or they feel pain (P). If either animals feel pain or they have souls (S), then they have a right not to be subjected to needless pain (R) and humans have a duty not to inflict needless pain