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Critical Thinking and Fallacies

1. Authorities

To what extent should we rely on any authority for information?
Is this approach ever a reasonable way of knowing? What would it be like
to live in a word in which we believed only in what we experienced and
never in what we heard from others? Think about information you gathered
about "emergency preparedness" (war, terrorism, hurricanes, heart
attacks, computer crashes, oil spills, tornados, floods, fires etc.).
See yourself in your current job/business and family responsibilities.

2. Mirror

See yourself in the mirror. What do you see? During the last weeks you
have learned several techniques and tools to improve your way of
thinking.

How have you evolved into a better person during these weeks. How others
perceive you at home, at work after these weeks? Imagine they are the
mirror. What do they see?

Write your answer from their perspectives. For example, My husband think
that ...., no my boss/partner is looking at me in a different way....,
my son is listening to me because...., I shared my logic exercises with
_______ and he/she thinks that I ________

Solution Preview

1. The response to this question requires the assessment of relying on authorities for information.
Because people who occupy places of authority are usually knowledgeable we can count on them on some occasions for the information they provide. However, as logicians we are being trained to develop critical minds in the propositions we put forward to build arguments. Consider this argument: The president of the UK has predicted that 100,000 old people will develop cancer if they don't ...

Solution Summary

To what extent should we rely on any authority for information?

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