Six 'critical thinking' style questions are presented along with solutions and explanations of the solutions. The questions concern the evaluation of arguments and identification of logical fallacies.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 10, 2019, 5:59 am ad1c9bdddf
THE LOGICAL FALLACIES:
(i) Does the argument commit any of the fallacies below? (Answer Yes or No) If your answer is "Yes", name the fallacy concerned.
(The relevant fallacies are: Ad hominem; Irrelevant Appeal to Authority; Irrelevant Appeal to Popular Opinion; Irrelevant Appeal to Emotion; Argument from Ignorance; Fallacy of Ambiguity; False Dilemma; Straw Man; Begging the Question)
(ii) To what extent do the premises of the argument support its conclusion? Select your answer from the following:
• Valid. (= The argument is deductively valid)
• Strong. (= The argument is non-deductively strong)
• Weak. (= The argument is non-deductively weak, or the
premises do not support the conclusion at all)
(a) If the evil and duplicitous ex-Haitian leader, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, becomes a South African citizen, then our relations with Haiti will sour. If he does not become a citizen then our relations with the US will sour. We therefore know that due to the Haitian affair, our relations are ...
This solution presents six critical thinking questions that relate to evaluating arguments and identifying logical fallacies and explains the solutions to these questions.