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    Critical Thinking and Logical Fallacies

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    Main Task: Apply Critical Thinking

    You will now begin to become familiar with one aspect of critical thinking recognizing logical fallacies. This website Common Logical Fallacies (http://commfaculty.fullerton.edu/rgass/fallacy3211.htm) provides a list of common logical fallacies and offers two examples for each fallacy. For this activity give one example for each of the four following logical fallacies.

    Non Sequitur
    Faulty Analogy
    Hasty Generalization

    Be sure to use examples that relate to your own field of study "Business Administration", either examples that you create yourself, or that you locate in articles in your field. Be sure to follow APA form and style to cite any outside source.

    Then, choose any other logical fallacy from the list of logical fallacies. Find an example of this fallacy in the news media or in an internet source related to your field. Share the example, and the source, but do not mention the name of the fallacy. Your fellow students will have to identify this "mystery logical fallacy" in their responses to your post!

    In addition to your content post, in which you offer your examples of the four logical fallacies listed and your "mystery logical fallacy", for your response post, identify the "mystery logical fallacy" in another student's post. The student post could be a current student or a past student post. Then, according to the content of the fallacy and the source, explain the impact you think that such faulty logic would have on the beliefs and behavior of the general public? What false conclusions and possible resulting actions might occur on the basis of this illogical statement?

    Both your content post and your response post should reflect a collegial attitude, be free of grammar and spelling errors, and include all five of the elements mentioned above.

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    Solution Preview

    First one must understand what is meant by Non-Sequitur which literally means does not follow and is a logical fallacy. If the conclusion does not follow the premises or if the reason an action is taken is irrelevant to taking the action then it is non-sequitur. To make this a bit easier to understand in the world of business administration an example of non-sequitur logical fallacy would be if we purchase smart phones for our entire executive's sales will increase. There is no direct correlation to an increase in sales and purchase of smart phones. Another example would be if we hire ten new executives we can eliminate two annual holidays. What would the hiring of executives have to do with the company policy on holidays?

    False or Faulty Analogy as a logical fallacy simply means using a comparison to make or demonstrate your point but that comparison is completely invalid. A ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution will share common logical fallacies and give examples of each. By utilizing this you will become familiar with an aspect of critical thinking.