To further build on your abilities as a critical thinker, choose four fallacies and explain why they can be persuasive and appear to be logical. Give examples.
Fallacies are very common in reading, writing, and general conversation or arguments in today's society. In fact, they have always existed. When people take sides and argue specific points they may resort to logical and persuasive rhetoric without facts which often constitutes a fallacy. There are many different variations on which a fallacy may be invoked; however, here are four of the more common fallacies for which one may encounter (Levy, 2011).
Four Fallacy examples:
1- Ad hominem: This means "to the man" in Latin and is a type of argument people will often resort to whenever they have no data to support their position. Instead of admitting they are wrong, they will pivot to ad hominem attacks on the person they are arguing with or against by means of name calling, offensive comments, straw man arguments, false labeling, and other types of tactics.
Example: A common example of ad hominem in action can be seen in politics. When two candidates or political parties began losing, especially in debates, the candidates or their supporters will resort to destroying the other party or ...
The four fallacies of critical thinking abilities are determined. Why a critical thinker can be persuasive and appear to be logical is determined.