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    Some examples on logical fallacies

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    Several sample test questions are presented in which the student is required to determine whether an argument does or does not commit a logical fallacy. Solutions to the sample test questions are provided along with explanatory notes.

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    THE LOGICAL FALLACIES: SAMPLE TEST QUESTIONS

    QUESTIONS:

    (i) Does the argument commit any of the fallacies covered in the course so far? (Answer Yes or No) If your answer is "Yes", name the fallacy concerned.
    (The relevant fallacies are: Ad hominem; Irrelevant Appeal to Authority; Irrelevant Appeal to Popular Opinion; Irrelevant Appeal to Emotion; Argument from Ignorance; Fallacy of Ambiguity; False Dilemma; Straw Man; Begging the Question)

    (ii) To what extent do the premises of the argument support its conclusion? Select your answer from the following:

    Valid. (= The argument is deductively valid)
    Strong. (= The argument is non-deductively strong)
    Weak. (= The argument is non-deductively weak, or the
    premises do not support the conclusion at all)

    (a) If the evil and duplicitous ex-Haitian leader, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, becomes a South African citizen, then our relations with Haiti will sour. If he does not become a citizen then our relations with the US will sour. We therefore know that due to the Haitian affair, our ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution helps with problems involving examples of logical fallacies.

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