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Fallacies and Examples in a Business Environment

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Explain at least three fallacies and provide instances where you have witnessed these fallacies at work.

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To help in understanding fallacies, here are some definitions:
• An informal fallacy is an error in reasoning.
• A formal fallacy is one with poor logical reasoning.
• Fallacies of presumption are ones that assume conclusive proof.
• Fallacies of weak inference are those that have weak ...

Solution Summary

This solution looks at definitions of fallacy, like: informal, formal, presumptions, weak inference, distraction, and ambiguity. Each is followed by definition and examples.

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International Trade Relations

Does free trade harm the environment ?

Environmentalists argue that trade liberalization harms the environment. The decisions of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in particular have been the subject of much criticism. Carbaugh1 has described environmentalists' three primary assertions:

Trade liberalization leads to a "race to the bottom" in environmental standards.
Trade liberalization conflicts with morally-conscious environmental policies.
Trade liberalization encourages trade in products that create global pollution ("pollution havens").
Proponents of trade liberalization argue that freer trade might actually improve the quality of the environment. For example, the international environmental policy of the U.S. and other industrial nations is based on the "polluter-pays principle." This approach is intended to give producers the incentive to develop more pollution-control techniques.2

Carbaugh, Robert J. International Economics, 10th edition. Mason, Ohio: Thomson/South-Western. 2005.

HOW CAN I recreate and evaluate the arguments and counter-arguments for all three of the environmentalists' assertions described above.

For each argument and counter-argument, present the following information:

The party you represent
Your party's interests or objectives
Your party's assertion
A summary of the available evidence that supports your party's assertion and/or examples that illustrate the assertion.
Feel free to use the Web resources to help recreate the arguments.

Part 2: Summarize and evaluate the arguments/counter-arguments
collaborate to write a 4-5 page document in which you:

Summarize each argument and counter-argument. Be sure to note the relevant parties in the debate and their interests/objectives.
Evaluate the arguments and counter-arguments. Be sure to address the following questions:
Can the conflicting positions in these debates be resolved? If yes, how?
If not, why not? Your answer should be well-reasoned and supported with examples.

Feel free to use the Web resources to help recreate the arguments

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