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Criminal Law and Justice

Eight Questions: Crime, Sentencing, Criminal Behaviour, Drugs

Criminology #1: Compare and contrast determinate sentencing and truth-in-sentencing practices. How would social problem and responsibility perspectives argue for one or the other? #2: How would you respond to David Abrahamsen's statement, "The American dream is, in part, responsible for a great deal of crime and violence bec

Criminology and Ethics in Criminal Justice

Criminology #1: Using legal, political, sociological, and psychological perspectives from your text, how would each view the link between crime and deviance? #2: What is the difference between using scientific knowledge versus personal experience to understand crime patterns? ----------------------------------------------

Victims and the Parole System

Regardless of the nature of the offense, the most important aspect of any criminal trial is the victim and their family. Ensuring that the sentence best fits the criminal and the victim is essential to meeting the vision of our judicial system. However, many forget the victim. What is the relationship between victims and the

Models for Administering Parole

The American judicial and correction system is a web of departments that are tasked with enforcing sentencing and oversight of the inmate during the process. Of these departments I feel our probation and parole officers have the hardest job. In addition to the basic duties and responsibilities that come with this job these offic

Executive Clemency

Though I've never worked in our judicial or correction system, I would imagine that many inmates have filed appeals for some form of executive clemency. The authority that states and federal government have to execute executive clemency is maintained by that states governor and the President of the United States. What are th

Determinate vs. Indeterminate Sentencing

The purpose of our judicial system is to decrease recidivism and decrease the populations within our prison system. Prosecutors and judges are responsible for imposing sentencing against those based on the severity of their crime with the interest of the community in mind. Outline the key concepts of determinate and indetermi

Supreme Court Rulings

During any criminal trial both parties are often looking for full disclosure as it relates to any additional information that may impact the outcome of a person being incarcerated or released on probation or parole. One of the most argumentative aspects when a justice is deciding the sentence. What has the Supreme Court ruled

Probation in the Judicial and Executive Branches of the Government

Just like any other subject within our judicial system, one argumentative subject is who should have control of the probation and parole system. In saying this, there are those that believe the probation system should be part of the judicial branch of the government and there are those that oppose. What are the arguments in f

Presentence Investigation Report

Often very controversial within the judicial system, the presentence investigation report provides the judge with an oversight of the defendant. Many believe that because the report is written by a probation or parole officer that it's often one sided in its approach. What are the four basic purposes of a presentence investig

Mandatory Sentencing Laws

As our judicial system continues to become an ever evolving system we look for new ways to impose punishment within the scope of the law and in a humane manner. In saying this many states have imposed mandatory sentences for certain crimes against society. How have mandatory sentencing laws affected the PSI?

Granting of Probation

The granting of probation through the sentencing process can come in many forms and the judicial system must take into account elements that affect whether or not the person is granted probation. According to Abadinsky (2012), some factors are considered in all cases relative to the granting of probation. In addition to statu

Three-Strikes You're Out Laws

One of the most controversial laws perceived by many in our society is that of the three strikes you're out law. The concept of the statutes is that if a person commits three felonies they're automatically committed to a lifetime of imprisonment. Though the law seems harsh to many, it's been effective in nature. What are the

Why is the American Judicial System Not Systematic?

The American judicial system is a web of courts, jails, prisons, and law enforcement agencies that are tasked with enforcing laws and ordinances ever day. In saying this, many question why the criminal justice system in the United States is referred to as a system that is not systematic. Why can the criminal justice system in

Purposes of Sentencing

The purpose of our judicial system is to increase recidivism and decrease the populations within our prison system. Prosecutors and judges are responsible for imposing sentencing against those based on the severity of their crime with the interest of the community in mind. According to Abadinsky (2012), there are five various pu

Sentencing and Neoclassicism

The foundation of the American criminal judicial system is to appropriately impose punishment on an individual based on the crime committed against society or an individual. In saying this, sentencing is deeply rooted in the concept of Neoclassicism. According to Abadinsky (2012). Name and discuss the three areas of Neoclassici

Classicalism and Social Contract's Influence on Probation and Parole

Though there have many theories that have impacted our probation and parole system that is currently in effect today, that of classicalism and social contract are said to have one of the biggest impacts. According to Abadinksy (2012), the concept of classicalism. Explain Classicism and Social Contract and how they influence pro

Crimes by police officers

Over the course of history we've seen many law enforcement agencies become the focal point of investigations for committing crimes. Discuss whether or not crimes by polices officers are a problem. 280 words with reference.

Two Types of Supreme Court Decisions

Discuss the two types of Supreme Court decisions and which one may be preferable over the other. Also, provide a personal opinion to which one is preferred and why.

Incorporation and the Bill of Rights

Could you help me with an assignment by writing about this topic and providing me with source for further research?: Summarize the leading views regarding incorporation and whether or not incorporation is running amok. Additionally, review whether or not the Supreme Court should have been more restrictive in terms of incorpor

Law Enforcement: History of Policing

Trace the history of policing from the Metropolitan Police Department in England to early American law enforcement. Explain some of the reasons that led to the establishment of organized police departments. Explain how early American departments were influenced by the British Metropolitan Police Department. Explain how ear

Tennessee vs. Reeves Case

During the case of Tennessee versus Reeves in 1993 the court was faced with a controversial case that involved two middle school students, Reeves and Coffman, and the attempted murder of their homeroom teacher. The Tennessee court had to make a decision to whether or... Discuss the case of Tennessee v. Reeves in 1993. Discuss

Inchoate Crimes

In any case where there is more than one person involved in a crime, one of the parties might try to utilize the "wrong place, wrong time" theory as it relates to the crime. However, our judicial system sees this as an inchoate offense and/or parties. Inchoate crimes are also... ? Define and discuss inchoate offences. Discus

Failing to Notify a Sexual Partner of Being HIV-Positive

The capstone case of People v. Jensen was one of many cases in our judicial history that questions the culpable state of mind for an individual should they fail to notify the other person during sexual intercourse of their HIV-positive state. In your response, discuss the results of this case, why the court made that verdict,

Politicians and Equal Treatment

One of the most argumentative subjects among society is whether or not politicians are treated equal if they're found guilty of a criminal act. In saying this, the rule of law is often questioned if whether or not it's truly implemented. The article on Former Illinois Governor George Ryan... Discuss whether or not politicians

Differences Between Criminal and Civil Cases

The American judicial system is a spiderweb of courts that deal with criminal and civil cases on a daily basis. In saying this, society must understand how to pursue different routes in order to rectify issues and concerns as it relates to the individual or society at large. Discuss the major differences between criminal and

Criminal Justice Data Collection

Discuss the major differences between the various methods that are used to collect criminal justice data? What are these methods and which is the best?

Forensic Science in 21st-Century Criminal Justice

Include a discussion of the following questions: - How important is forensic science to policing and criminal investigations, court processes, and security efforts at various levels? Explain your rationale in a historical approach. - How accurate is the popular media representation of forensic science? How does this influe

Computer Crimes: categories, threats, prevention

Explain in detail the four (4) common categories of computer crimes and provide at least one (1) example for each. Determine which of these categories of computer crimes presents the greatest overall threat at the present time and why you perceive this to be the case. Address what the U.S. government, court systems, and la