Define "hate crime." Why has hate crime legislation been so controversial in the United States? Why have politicians debated on the constitutionality of enhanced penalties based on a suspect's association with extremist groups?
Define professionalization. What effect do education, training, and research have on the professionalization of security? What does this mean for its future?
Explain differences among the consensus, pluralistic, and conflict perspectives. Which comes closest to your understanding of society and which perspective adequately describes society?
How does the media distort crime statistics? What is the role of media in security? Should crime rates and people's perspectives of crime or fears about specific activities be a factor in assessing security needs?
Please discuss the following: a. Future directions of crime fighting and its role in social policy implication. b. The potential for specific crime-fighting methodologies, such as using biometrics, implementing cybercrime spyware, or mandating DNA collection programs, etc. c. Evolving law enforcement and forensic techno
1. In your opinion, do you believe certain drugs should be decriminalized? Would the association between drugs and crime disappear if drugs were legalized or decriminalized? If yes, which ones? Why? 1. In your opinion, which crime causation theory best explains organized crime, why? What are some methods law enforcement has
Do we need bureaucracies to execute public policy? Please explain and give an example. Does media play a role in influencing policy? Please explain and give an example. The Founding Fathers of America were very conflicted about the presences of interest groups. Please discuss the role of interest groups and if they have be
The Homeland Security Act was signed in November 2002 and led to the establishment of the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS). A massive reorganization took place within federal agencies in order to increase national security. The creation of DHS constituted the biggest government reorganization in the American h
Critical criminology is a conflict perspective that emerged in the early 1970s. It draws on the concepts of Marxism, feminism, political economy, and critical theory. The focus of this perspective is on the relationship between different social groups and inequality and exploitation of groups without political or economic power.
1. Do you agree with Criminologists Messenger and Rosen field's theory? Why or why not? 2. Do you think that there is misconception in the United States that feel we are entitled to the American Dream of prosperity? Why or why not? 3. Which is more likely to have more trouble with crime, poor urban communities that do have som
What principles from the Classical School continue to characterize modern thought on crime? In terms of criminal justice practice and policy, does fulfilling one of these principles present problems in fulfilling another?
a. Do American presidents use crime as a political issue? Please give an example. b. What is the role of the President of the United States in the creation of law and policy? c. Please explain the reason why certain items get on the president's crime agenda. Please give an example.
1. Why do you think some neighborhoods are more conducive to crime than others? How does anomie play a role in the increased crime rates? Article Akers, R.L. & Sellers, C.S. (2004). "Social Disorganization, Anomie, and Strain Theories" in Criminological Theories: Introduction, Evaluation, and Application, (4th ed), pp 159-1
Evaluate the method of using lethal injections for capital punishment and create a report to determine if this method violates the Eighth Amendment or the Hippocratic Oath. Analyze and identify if there have been any instances of prisoners who have experienced pain during a lethal injection and specify how this is known to y
The death penalty, as a deterrent to crime, has now been debated for almost 160 years. Those in favor of it argue that it provides justice to victims and reduces violent crime. However, studies by groups like the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and other anti-death penalty movements suggest that there is no proven correlat
Mary Ann, a young Hispanic single mother with four children under the age of ten years, has been sentenced to seven years in prison for a drug offense. Martin, a sixty-two-year-old married Greek immigrant, is a bank employee and has been sentenced to seven years in prison for fraud and embezzlement. John and Leroy, twenty
Corrections officials recognize the need for effective community-based corrections and other crime prevention methods. What are some of the obstacles in developing successful community correction programs? In your opinion, will these programs be as effective as incarceration? How? Do you agree or disagree that building more
1. Why does the attorney-client privilege exist? Discuss the differences between the ethical obligations of a criminal defense attorney and the ethical obligations of a prosecuting attorney. 2. Discuss the advantages and problems of plea bargaining. What should a prosecutor consider before offering or entering into a plea barga
Ethics Issue Presentation You will select one of the following criminal justice positions as a basis to discuss ethics in the criminal justice system. Please help with some ideas so that I can create a presentation that addresses several ethical questions. Select and complete one of the following: Option 1: Law Enforcem
Discuss the topics of digital crime and digital terrorism. Describe how the issue has evolved or been altered over its lifespan. Identify the cause theories associated with digital crime and digital terrorism. Describe strategies for reducing or eliminating the types of crime associated with digital crime and digital terroris
Biological Criminal Behavior - Choose a criminal offender who committed crimes due to a biological reason. - Discuss the genetic or physiological evidence that supports the notion that biology played a key role in explaining the offender's criminality. - Research the behaviors that constitute psychopathy. Discuss in detai
1. Are undercover police operations ethical? Please support your opinion. 2. When an officer commits a crime, what sanctions should be imposed? Officers, like any other person, make mistakes. Therefore, should the officer be given a second chance or should the officer be fired regardless of the level of crime? 3. The
In the case Roper v. Simmons (2005), the Supreme Court ruled that the U.S. Constitution forbids the execution of killers under the age of eighteen years. The case involved Bill, a seventeen-year-old high-school dropout, who lived in an affluent neighborhood in Ft. Lauderdale, FL. Bill was reckless, indifferent, and had no reg
In January 2009, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit overturned a Texas defendant's conviction and death sentence because of racial bias by the prosecution in jury selection. Jonathan Bruce Reed, the defendant, had been convicted of murder in 1979 during a trial at which all five of the eligible African American pote
1. Should a police officer be sanctioned for drinking to excess in public and making a spectacle of himself or herself in a bar? Should it make a difference if the police officer is outside of his or her jurisdiction of employment? What private behaviors of police, if any, should be subject to sanction? Please explain your po
1. Do you think all criminal justice professionals do some type of scientific research (whether they realize it or not)? Give an example of two a criminal justice professional (attorney, police officer/detective, probation officer, professor/researcher, CSI, etc)? How would the research compare and how would their methods be dif
-What is "reverse discrimination" and how should an employer respond to an employee's claim of reverse discrimination? -Discuss the similarities and the differences between Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 with 42 U.S.C. 1981.
1. What is the Order-Liberty Tension? There have been various attempts to resolve this tension. Describe one: the U.S. Constitution of 1789. 2. It can be argued that the apparently clear promise of the 14th Amendment that the Federal government was to be the guarantor of individual rights in the states has never been full
Examining Theory Resource: Schmalleger F. (2012). Criminology today: An integrative introduction, (6th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Pick 1 theory from one of the chapters 6, 7 &, 8 Examples: Social Structure Theories, Social Conflict Theories, Social Learning Theories (you may discuss more than one
Compare and contrast viruses and malicious code. Which one is more destructive and why?