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Criminal Law and Justice

Do American presidents use crime as a political issue?

a. Do American presidents use crime as a political issue? Please give an example. b. What is the role of the President of the United States in the creation of law and policy? c. Please explain the reason why certain items get on the president's crime agenda. Please give an example.

Social Disorganization and Conflict Perspective

1. Why do you think some neighborhoods are more conducive to crime than others? How does anomie play a role in the increased crime rates? Article Akers, R.L. & Sellers, C.S. (2004). "Social Disorganization, Anomie, and Strain Theories" in Criminological Theories: Introduction, Evaluation, and Application, (4th ed), pp 159-1

Lethal injection

Evaluate the method of using lethal injections for capital punishment and create a report to determine if this method violates the Eighth Amendment or the Hippocratic Oath. Analyze and identify if there have been any instances of prisoners who have experienced pain during a lethal injection and specify how this is known to y

Office of Crime Accountability

The death penalty, as a deterrent to crime, has now been debated for almost 160 years. Those in favor of it argue that it provides justice to victims and reduces violent crime. However, studies by groups like the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and other anti-death penalty movements suggest that there is no proven correlat

Effect of Imprisonment

Mary Ann, a young Hispanic single mother with four children under the age of ten years, has been sentenced to seven years in prison for a drug offense. Martin, a sixty-two-year-old married Greek immigrant, is a bank employee and has been sentenced to seven years in prison for fraud and embezzlement. John and Leroy, twenty

Community Correction Programs

Corrections officials recognize the need for effective community-based corrections and other crime prevention methods. What are some of the obstacles in developing successful community correction programs? In your opinion, will these programs be as effective as incarceration? How? Do you agree or disagree that building more

Criminal Law and Procedure

1. Why does the attorney-client privilege exist? Discuss the differences between the ethical obligations of a criminal defense attorney and the ethical obligations of a prosecuting attorney. 2. Discuss the advantages and problems of plea bargaining. What should a prosecutor consider before offering or entering into a plea barga

Ethics Issue Presentation

Ethics Issue Presentation You will select one of the following criminal justice positions as a basis to discuss ethics in the criminal justice system. Please help with some ideas so that I can create a presentation that addresses several ethical questions. Select and complete one of the following: Option 1: Law Enforcem

Digital Crimes and Terrorism

Discuss the topics of digital crime and digital terrorism. Describe how the issue has evolved or been altered over its lifespan. Identify the cause theories associated with digital crime and digital terrorism. Describe strategies for reducing or eliminating the types of crime associated with digital crime and digital terroris

Biological Criminal Behavior: Genetic and Physiological Evidence

Biological Criminal Behavior - Choose a criminal offender who committed crimes due to a biological reason. - Discuss the genetic or physiological evidence that supports the notion that biology played a key role in explaining the offender's criminality. - Research the behaviors that constitute psychopathy. Discuss in detai

Ethical Criminal Law and Procedure

1. Are undercover police operations ethical? Please support your opinion. 2. When an officer commits a crime, what sanctions should be imposed? Officers, like any other person, make mistakes. Therefore, should the officer be given a second chance or should the officer be fired regardless of the level of crime? 3. The

Case of Roper v. Simmons (2005)

In the case Roper v. Simmons (2005), the Supreme Court ruled that the U.S. Constitution forbids the execution of killers under the age of eighteen years. The case involved Bill, a seventeen-year-old high-school dropout, who lived in an affluent neighborhood in Ft. Lauderdale, FL. Bill was reckless, indifferent, and had no reg

Racial Bias in Death Sentence

In January 2009, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit overturned a Texas defendant's conviction and death sentence because of racial bias by the prosecution in jury selection. Jonathan Bruce Reed, the defendant, had been convicted of murder in 1979 during a trial at which all five of the eligible African American pote

Biological Criminal Behavior

1. Should a police officer be sanctioned for drinking to excess in public and making a spectacle of himself or herself in a bar? Should it make a difference if the police officer is outside of his or her jurisdiction of employment? What private behaviors of police, if any, should be subject to sanction? Please explain your po

Criminal Justice Dilemmas

1. Do you think all criminal justice professionals do some type of scientific research (whether they realize it or not)? Give an example of two a criminal justice professional (attorney, police officer/detective, probation officer, professor/researcher, CSI, etc)? How would the research compare and how would their methods be dif

Reverse Discrimination in the Workplace

-What is "reverse discrimination" and how should an employer respond to an employee's claim of reverse discrimination? -Discuss the similarities and the differences between Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 with 42 U.S.C. 1981.

Order-Liberty Tension

1. What is the Order-Liberty Tension? There have been various attempts to resolve this tension. Describe one: the U.S. Constitution of 1789. 2. It can be argued that the apparently clear promise of the 14th Amendment that the Federal government was to be the guarantor of individual rights in the states has never been full

Examining Theory Social Structures

Examining Theory Resource: Schmalleger F. (2012). Criminology today: An integrative introduction, (6th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Pick 1 theory from one of the chapters 6, 7 &, 8 Examples: Social Structure Theories, Social Conflict Theories, Social Learning Theories (you may discuss more than one

Ethics, Morals, Culture and Understanding Research Methods

1. If a person follows all laws, does that make them a moral person? Have you ever done something you knew to be wrong? Why did you do it? 2. If you had to choose one ethical system, which one most closely conforms to your own beliefs? Explain your answer. Can you think of any situations in which lying is ethically acceptable

Juvenile justice programs

Please help with the following assignment: Compare 2 different juvenile justice programs currently being implemented in large cities and rural towns. Address the following: - Compare and describe each program, including each program's goals - State the whether the chosen programs have proven successful. Why or why not.

Relationship Between Terrorism, Community Policing, and The Flow

Community policing and terrorism have a significant link in terms of allowing for the flow of information to occur. Police organizations can establish relationships and trust with community members and business owners to join in collaborative efforts to fight terrorism by sharing information. Terrorists do seek various ways to "

Policing programs to reduce armed robberies by the homeless

Newly appointed Police Chief Alexandra Delatorre of the Anytown Police Department (APD) has been attending several town and city council meetings whereby she has heard numerous complaints about the increase in armed robberies being committed by the local transients (Homeless people) in and near the Anytown Gallery Shopping Mall.

Forensics: Exoneration by DNA

Create a presentation on an overview of the organization, including a summary of a case where DNA testing has exonerated an innocent person. Provide a brief description of the organization and how it was created. Research, identify, and chronicle a case where a defendant was exonerated by DNA evidence. Analyze and describe

Prosecutorial Misconduct

A Case of Prosecutorial Misconduct The Duke Lacrosse case began in March 2006 when a woman hired to strip at a team fraternity party accused three Duke University students of attacking her in a bathroom. The three students (members of the Duke Blue Devils men's lacrosse team) were charged with first degree sexual offense, kid

Wrongful Convictions in Law

There are numerous reasons for wrongful convictions. Some of the most common are ineffectiveness of counsel, eyewitness or victim misidentifications, police errors, lost or tainted forensic evidences, and prosecutorial errors or misconduct. - What are some of the ways to lower the number of wrongful convictions? - Do you agr

Mandatory Minimum Sentences

Mandatory minimum sentences require an offender to serve a specified prison time. These sentences are usually imposed on drug offenders, repeat offenders, and those who use a weapon while committing a crime. The intent of mandatory minimum sentences is to punish offenders whose crimes are habitual or violent. During the 1980s,

Crime Control and Due Process Models

Compare the two competing systems of operation within the U.S. criminal justice system, the crime control model and the due process model. Analyze and describe the core philosophies of each of the models. Describe how these models differ in the criminal justice operations and actions by law enforcement officers, prosecutors,

Information Technology Systems in Police Departments

Explain why a police department would use any of these information technology systems for its community policing program. - The FBI's Uniform Crime Report database - Bureau of Statistics databases - COMPSTAT - National Crime Victimization Survey database - Computer-Aided Dispatch - Global Justice Information Network -

Computer Crimes and Terrorism in Law Enforcement Agencies

In the United States, a number of law enforcement agencies, including the Secret Service, FBI, Department of Homeland Security, among others, have taken on roles to fight computer crimes and terrorism. Explain the existing challenges that result from the independent nature of these agencies, as well as the other factors that