Because there is now a 3D computer-generated mapping where one can see the height of buildings and shrubbery, there are now street cameras in major cities, what might be the next logical step in crime mapping, and what are the benefits and liabilities associated with crime mapping for the various components of the criminal justice system?
Explain how various components of the criminal justice system could use 3D computer-generated mapping and other technologies to deal with the social problem of crime?
To map or not to map: Assessing the impact of crime maps on police officer perceptions of crime. By: Paulsen, Derek J. International Journal of Police Science & Management. Winter2004, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p234-246. 13p
the benefits and liabilities associated with crime mapping for the various components of the criminal justice system?
Computer Mapping is a technology that has been around since the beginning of policinig in England in the 7th century. What was then known as hue and call wherein citizens would call out whenever a crime occurred and designated individuals would respond to the incident to apprehend the individual thus returning to their regular lives after the apprehension is now a computerized crime mapping technology that enables law enforcement agencies to analyze and correlate data sources to create a detailed snapshot of crime incidents. This detailed map will have other related factors within the maps to allude to the community and geographical areas where crime occurs on a systemic basis.
The benefits of crime mapping could be immense if the technology is implemented appropriately and used correctly. These include enabling officers and departments to plot data focused on the factors related to the crime against digitized maps of a community or city, and even entire regions. This data is compared and analyzed against other external data sources such as arrest records, calls to the department, and other factors that can indicate whether a region or city has communities with higher crime related areas or hotspots.
Census data, city planning data, parks information, property assessment data, utilities information, and other data sources in conjunction are all factors that can be used in collusion with crime data to establish spatial relationships between crime and other community-level characteristics. The benefits of using this technology include the ability to •Better information sharing, collaboration, and data standardization between federal, state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies. In addition the efficiency of a department can be improved when the appropriation of scarce resources are directed towards areas that are more criminally prone. This result in reductions in personnel, equipment, and other valuable costs that can be limited in regards to how much money must be spent on entire areas when it is known which areas are more prone for criminal activity.
Mapping also could help diminish interagency turf issues and may prevent inter-jurisdictional disputes between cities, regions, and communities by reducing and breaking down any misinformation that may occur. This also gives agencies the capability of cooperating whenever necessary based on the information received from the crime mapping techniques. The officers can also be trained to focus more attention and emphasis on hotspots with crime mapping. YOU must conduct further research on the benefits as this is only an EXAMPLE paper.
Some major liabilities exist for crime mapping including the most obvious issues ...
The expert examines privacy and constitutional rights of mapping.