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Criminal Law and Justice

Social Structure, Process and Development

Examining Theory You have the opportunity to examine the theoretical principles associated with sociological perspectives of crime. Select one: "Prostitution Among Immigration Routes" "Pelican Bay State Prison: War Zone" "Tent City, Arizona" Select and complete one of the following form the about, selected: O

Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal

Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal "Truth of Abu Ghraib" "Who is Psychopathic" "Murder Defense: Insanity" Resource: Classical School of Thought in Criminology located on the student website in Criminology in the 21st Century. Imagine the following scenario: You are the criminologist advisor to a member o

Reported Offenses in Two Different Metropolitan Areas

Crime Data Comparison Resource:  Films on Demand - "Crime and Punishment" - "Experiment Research and Design" - "Selecting a Sample" Resource:  Types of Crime videos in CJ Criminology - "Introduction to Crimes Kiosk" - "Defining and Measuring Crime" Resource: Criminology in the 21st Century - How Crimes

Ethical Dilemma from Current Story in the News

Discuss an ethical dilemma from a current story in the news. Address the following: The nature of the dilemma The ethical decision made Alternative courses of action and why The outcome of the situation.

Law Enforcement Training

Please help with the following problem. You have been assigned to head the officer training for your department. The chief has asked you to do an analysis of training and provide your views on the following types of training: Academy training Field training In-service training Briefly describe each type of training and y

Law Enforcement, Fitness and Agility

Physical agility standards for the police have been a long-time source of controversy. Proponents contend that agility and fitness are critical in law enforcement, while many opponents contend that agility and fitness are more important for firefighters than law enforcement. : What are the guidelines set by courts with regard

Shock Incarceration

The judicial system continues to review methods and approaches to reduce overcrowding of prisons and jails, burden on the taxpayer, and focus on recidivism. In saying this, the concept of shock incarceration has become a focal point of many state sentencing procedures in order to implement. What is shock incarceration? What purp

Probation and Parole: Intensive Supervision

Similar to our prisons and jails, probation and parole officers continue to have one of the hardest jobs in the judicial process. Tasked with ensuring that offenders are integrated back into the community while focusing on the rehabilitation aspect we continue to see new methods of attack. Describe how intensive supervision work

Prison Overcrowding

One of the biggest challenges that plagues our correction system is that of prison overcrowding. Our judicial and corrections system is continually looking for new ways to combat this issue as they embark on budget cuts due to state and federal funding. One way in which they've done this is implementing new incarceration methods

Exclusionary Rule in Probation and Parole

The greatest aspect of the American judicial system is the wide range of courts that deal with certain criminal and civil lawsuits. These courts are tasked with implementing laws and ensuring that constitutional rights are each citizen is upheld in these cases. Contrary to the lower courts is that of the highest. What is the Sup

Civil Liability for Probation and Parole Officers

As the American economy continues to find ways to recover from one of the biggest financial recessions in our history, budget cuts continue to plague law enforcement agencies, corrections, and probation/parole departments. These budget cuts have led to increased workloads. How can probation and parole officers be held civilly li

Important Qualities for Probation and Parole Officers

Just like any other career field within the criminal justice field, probation and parole departments want to ensure they get the most qualified candidates to carry the terms and conditions set forth by the parole board or court. In doing so, departments are able to hire the most qualified applicants. Of the basic qualities liste

Employing Ex-Convicts

Once an ex-convict has been released from prison they embark on new trials and tribulations as it relates to reintegration into the community. These former inmates must make contact with their parole officers and provide a plan to where they're going to live and work. What does Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 dictate t

Probation and Parole: Positive Supervision and Recidivism

As overcrowding of our correctional facilities continues, state and federal institutions look for new methods to rehabilitate those punished for crimes in order to decrease recidivism. Implementing a positive supervision program is essential to our communities and clients. Discuss the three basic theoretical models for rehabilit

Theory and the Study of Probation and Parole

Regardless of the field of study there are those subject matter experts who study empirical data to generate concepts of theory about certain aspects of that industry. In saying this, theories are used to possibly generate different courses of action to solve problems. Define the term theory. How do theories aid in the study of

Theories for Identifying Criminals

For decades we've seen numerous theories evolve to assist in possibly identifying individuals who may have a higher propensity to commit crimes. Understanding and/or identifying these traits can assist probation and parole officers with assisting and referring to different rehabilitation programs best suited to the client. Which

Eight Questions: Crime, Sentencing, Criminal Behaviour, Drugs

Criminology #1: Compare and contrast determinate sentencing and truth-in-sentencing practices. How would social problem and responsibility perspectives argue for one or the other? #2: How would you respond to David Abrahamsen's statement, "The American dream is, in part, responsible for a great deal of crime and violence bec

Criminology and Ethics in Criminal Justice

Criminology #1: Using legal, political, sociological, and psychological perspectives from your text, how would each view the link between crime and deviance? #2: What is the difference between using scientific knowledge versus personal experience to understand crime patterns? ----------------------------------------------

Victims and the Parole System

Regardless of the nature of the offense, the most important aspect of any criminal trial is the victim and their family. Ensuring that the sentence best fits the criminal and the victim is essential to meeting the vision of our judicial system. However, many forget the victim. What is the relationship between victims and the

Models for Administering Parole

The American judicial and correction system is a web of departments that are tasked with enforcing sentencing and oversight of the inmate during the process. Of these departments I feel our probation and parole officers have the hardest job. In addition to the basic duties and responsibilities that come with this job these offic

Executive Clemency

Though I've never worked in our judicial or correction system, I would imagine that many inmates have filed appeals for some form of executive clemency. The authority that states and federal government have to execute executive clemency is maintained by that states governor and the President of the United States. What are th

Determinate vs. Indeterminate Sentencing

The purpose of our judicial system is to decrease recidivism and decrease the populations within our prison system. Prosecutors and judges are responsible for imposing sentencing against those based on the severity of their crime with the interest of the community in mind. Outline the key concepts of determinate and indetermi

Supreme Court Rulings

During any criminal trial both parties are often looking for full disclosure as it relates to any additional information that may impact the outcome of a person being incarcerated or released on probation or parole. One of the most argumentative aspects when a justice is deciding the sentence. What has the Supreme Court ruled

Probation in the Judicial and Executive Branches of the Government

Just like any other subject within our judicial system, one argumentative subject is who should have control of the probation and parole system. In saying this, there are those that believe the probation system should be part of the judicial branch of the government and there are those that oppose. What are the arguments in f

Presentence Investigation Report

Often very controversial within the judicial system, the presentence investigation report provides the judge with an oversight of the defendant. Many believe that because the report is written by a probation or parole officer that it's often one sided in its approach. What are the four basic purposes of a presentence investig

Mandatory Sentencing Laws

As our judicial system continues to become an ever evolving system we look for new ways to impose punishment within the scope of the law and in a humane manner. In saying this many states have imposed mandatory sentences for certain crimes against society. How have mandatory sentencing laws affected the PSI?

Granting of Probation

The granting of probation through the sentencing process can come in many forms and the judicial system must take into account elements that affect whether or not the person is granted probation. According to Abadinsky (2012), some factors are considered in all cases relative to the granting of probation. In addition to statu

Three-Strikes You're Out Laws

One of the most controversial laws perceived by many in our society is that of the three strikes you're out law. The concept of the statutes is that if a person commits three felonies they're automatically committed to a lifetime of imprisonment. Though the law seems harsh to many, it's been effective in nature. What are the

Why is the American Judicial System Not Systematic?

The American judicial system is a web of courts, jails, prisons, and law enforcement agencies that are tasked with enforcing laws and ordinances ever day. In saying this, many question why the criminal justice system in the United States is referred to as a system that is not systematic. Why can the criminal justice system in

Purposes of Sentencing

The purpose of our judicial system is to increase recidivism and decrease the populations within our prison system. Prosecutors and judges are responsible for imposing sentencing against those based on the severity of their crime with the interest of the community in mind. According to Abadinsky (2012), there are five various pu