Explore BrainMass

Criminal Law and Justice

U.S. Law and Actions that Countries Do Not Consider Criminal

1. Incarceration rates in the United States are higher due to some actions being considered criminal that other countries do not. Let's see if we can identify some actions other countries do NOT consider criminal that we do. 2. What changes would improve prisoner rehabilitation?

Determining Conditions of Probation

Determining Conditions of Probation - The Value of Probation and Parole - Objectives and Conditions of Probation - Special Supervision Programs - History of Parole - Parole Board - Recommendations concerning the conditions of a client's probation, or parole, that were not included in the options.

DNA Identification Technology

Please see the attached for the question. Unit 6 question I know in recent years advances in DNA identification technology have led to a number of exonerations of convictions that were based on eyewitness identification because DNA identification was not available at that time. And the procedures for eyewitness identific

Juvenile procedures and rights

You are working with your state's Crime Prevention Commission as a counselor. In the course of your work you encounter John, a 14-year-old juvenile offender charged with vandalism and assaulting a police officer while being taken into custody. John would like to have legal counsel at his hearing. He is fearful that he will re

Juvenile Procedures - Standards of Proof

Identify the different standards of proof for evidence used in U.S. legal proceedings. How is the standard of proof required in juvenile court proceedings different from the standard of proof required in adult court proceedings? In your opinion is it necessary and fair to have different burdens of proof for juveniles and adult

Juvenile Life-Without-Parole

According to Human Rights Watch, the current juvenile life-without-parole population in California will cost the state approximately half a billion dollars by the end of their lives. Do you think it is appropriate, or relevant, to cite the expense of incarceration as a justification for rethinking life without parole for juvenil

Probable Cause under FISA

Describe the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. Compare and contrast the probable cause requirement under FISA with an "ordinary" article III warrant.

Constitutional Protections in Criminal Investigations

Address constitutional amendments and case law that relate to interrogations, confessions, or identifications. Address each of the elements listed below: 1. Define the four basic components of the Fifth Amendment. 2. Discuss the constitutional rights associated with confession law, and provide an overview of relevant c

Legal intervention in the lives of youths

Mary, a 15 year-old juvenile with no history of delinquency, has been remanded to the juvenile court because she does not listen to her parents and is believed to be sexually active. Do you think that such an act or other legal intervention in the lives of youths is constitutionally valid? Be sure to consider whether this legal

Juvenile Procedures - Status Offenses

Discuss the laws pertaining to status offenses. In your opinion, should law enforcement agencies continue to respond to these statutory offenses? Why? Support your view with examples. Use references/site sources.

Seizure laws specific to juveniles

You are assisting an attorney defending a juvenile caught with drugs in his school locker. School authorities checked the teenager's locker randomly as part of a "get tough" policy that the school initiated. The attorney has assigned the following tasks to you: Summary on the search and seizure laws specific to juveniles, wi

Ethics and the Stanford Prison Experiment

Locate by external reference the Stanford Prison Experiment. Discuss any ethical dilemmas the researcher faced with this project. Do you feel the problem was in the experiment's design or unethical behavior of the researchers? Discuss your arguments in 2 pages in APA format and site sources.

Juveniles and Inmates

1. What recommendations for juvenile courts does Barry C. Feld offer that would not necessitate abolishing them? Why does he dismiss them, preferring instead to abolish juvenile courts altogether? What "cushions" does Feld recommend for juveniles being adjudicated in adult courts? How might they be helpful? How might they be har

Differentiating Juvenile from Adult Offenders

Legal definitions of juvenile status vary widely in the United States. Taking into account factors that may impact levels of maturity and culpability, propose a chronological age that you believe should differentiate juvenile offenders from adult offenders. Give reasons for proposing your chosen age of majority. Should this age

Juvenile Procedures

Provide a profile of juvenile offenders, including their age, race, sex, family characteristics, and other factors. List the types of offenses that juvenile offenders commit and the characteristics of offending. Provide information about juvenile victimization that promotes officer empathy for youths. Highlight important iss

Differentiating juvenile and adult offenders

Legal definitions of juvenile status vary widely in the United States. Taking into account factors that may impact levels of maturity and culpability, propose a chronological age that you believe should differentiate juvenile offenders from adult offenders. Give reasons for proposing your chosen age of majority. Should this age

Three-Strikes Sentencing

Please provide assistance completing a three-strikes sentencing analysis which addresses the following: 1. The effect of the selected sentencing policy on all involved stakeholders. 2. The role of the courts in creating or enforcing the policy. 3. Any recommendations to change the policy and an explanation of why you would

Discussing the Prison Environment

Please provide some assistance coming up with ideas. Task: Assume the role of correctional officers at a maximum-security prison. A university professor has asked you to speak to her class about your experiences as correctional officers. To prepare for the visit, she has sent you the question that the students will ask you.

Shoplifting Consequences

Please help answer the following questions regarding the consequences of shoplifting. Provide at least 300 words in the solution. Which would concern you more should you be caught shoplifting: receiving legal punishment or having to face the reactions of your friends and family? Would the reactions of your friends be differe

Sentencing and Punishment in the U.S. Corrections System

Analyzes the principal objectives of punishment within the U.S. corrections system and answer the following questions: 1. What are the state and federal objectives of punishment? 2. How does sentencing affect the state and federal corrections systems overall? Support your answer. 3. What is determinate and indeterminate sent

Criminal Justice System: Sentencing and Litigation

1. What is sentencing? How does sentencing impact corrections? How can we improve sentencing so that it improves the correctional system overall? 2. What is the objective of punishment in the criminal justice system? How does punishment apply to the overall objectives of the criminal justice system? How can we improve punis

Race and Criminal Justice

Explain the difference between the types of data addressed by the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) and the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR). What are the advantages and the disadvantages of using these two sets of figures?

Framing a Research Question: Holocaust Scenario

Examine the following two questions from the Roper Center's July/August 1994 publication, The Public Perspective, from John (Jay) Stewart's (University of Hartford) posting on the methods net and are also noted in Babbie. In November 1992 the Roper Center did a survey for the American Jewish Committee using the following ques

2002 Los Angeles Airport Shooting

On July 4, 2002, an Egyptian citizen who was living in Irvine, CA but had recently returned from a visit to Egypt pulled a gun at the El Al counter at LAX International Airport, started shooting and stabbing, killing two people and wounding others before he himself was killed by a security guard. FBI concluded that this act was

Community Policing Policy

1. Describe community policing policy. 2. Discuss how the police policy was created. 3. Identify the key actors involved in making the policy. 4. Provide an example of the policy in use. 5. Was the policy effective or ineffective? Explain your answer and provide data or evidence to support your conclusion.

Juvenile Justice Philosophy

An overview of the juvenile justice philosophy from the early 1900s through today to include a brief synopsis of the court's view of juvenile offenders. Demonstrated an understanding of the rationale for creating juvenile courts. Demonstrated an understating of current trends in seeking to create specific juvenile courts and

Discussing Juvenile Justice

Discussion Question: What are the important factors a judge must consider when making dispositions for juveniles convicted of delinquency? Explain how judges use such diagnostic tools as pre-dispositional reports, risk/needs assessments, and psychological assessments. Should judges consider the nature of the crime while decidi