Explore BrainMass

Criminal Law and Justice

Planning and Threat Assessment

Your client is a man in his 40s. He is confined to a wheelchair and requires attendance by a nurse 7 days a week due to respiratory and other medical conditions. He is a high-profile, outspoken, and controversial white supremacist; many people hate him. He has been scheduled to appear in court in his home city, Los Angeles, a

Runaway Juries

Civil cases are cases in which a party generally seeks money damages to compensate for a wrong that was done to him or her or an injury caused to him or her. Are juries awarding excessive damages in these cases? How should we decide what is a frivolous lawsuit? What do you think of the McDonald's coffee verdict (discussed on pag

Juvenile Procedures and Age Requirement

The infancy defense holds that juveniles are too young to understand and evaluate their actions, and tries to establish that mens rea, "the intent to commit a crime," is not present in the juvenile. In practice, however, if the crime is serious, the adult criminal court might try the case, if the prosecution can prove that the j

Critical Sentencing Issues in Criminal Justice

Respond to a critical sentencing issue in criminal justice. Possible topics for the response include: - The impact of sentencing guidelines. - The constitutionality of a guideline sentence. - The effectiveness of a Three-Strike law. - The requirement of victim impact statements. - The imposition/constitutionality of the

Verbal and Nonverbal Communicatons

1. Verbal Communication Describing how verbal and nonverbal communication can affect communication in the following areas that criminal justice professionals may find themselves in: - Police situations (public announcement to the press) - Courtroom setting (testifying) - Corrections facility (employees, peers, inmates)

Effects of Child Abuse Questions

1. Which is not true about child abuse? a. Few criminals who are violent offenders have histories of child abuse and neglect. b. Many children carry to the next generation the same type of treatment they endured. c. The physical effects of child abuse are only part of the child's injuries. d. Abused children commonly su

Juvenile Rules and Procedures

1) Explain the special rights for status offenders during confinement. 2) Examine the pre-adjudication and post-adjudication requirements for confining juveniles. 3) Explain the practice of sight and sound separation for juveniles in confinement. 4) Analyze the practice of confinement for juveniles adjudicated as adults.

Juvenile Offenders and Rehabilitation

Read the two scenarios below. In light of these scenarios, discuss whether the assumption that juveniles are especially amenable to rehabilitation because of their age and perceived openness to learning new ways is true. In your opinion, should the right to rehabilitation be reserved for juvenile offenders? Provide a rationa

Saudi Arabia Criminal System: An Eye for an Eye

Select a country that has a criminal system different than the United States and do some research on how that particular county handles crime and criminals (i.e. Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Nigeria, etc). Discuss how that country handles such matter and contrast it by discussing in detail how the United States would handle a similar

McCarthyism and the Suburban Shift

1, Joseph McCarthy held congressional hearings in which he often used affiliation and hearsay to accuse people of being communists and a threat to the United States. What was unknown at the time was that while his methods were often distasteful and abusive - and possibly illegal - he did successfully identify some dangerous comm

Barriers to Effective Communication Paper

Describe the following: - The process of communication and its components - Differences between listening and hearing in communication - The formal and informal channels of communication in criminal justice organizations - Different barriers to effective communication - Strategies that may be implemented to overcome commu

Key Components of the Communication Process

1. What are the key components/parts of the communication process? How do these components affect the process of communication and its overall effectiveness? 2. What is an example of the flow of communication? How does this affect an organization within the criminal justice system? 3. What barriers influence effective co

Juvenile Procedures in Your Area

Provide an overview of the resources available to law enforcement officers in your area to help juvenile offenders. List the names and contact information of various community programs for juveniles, government resources for juveniles, and juvenile justice officers in your area. Described how and under what situations these r

Juvenile Probation Recidivism

Prepare a press release for your local news media about the new juvenile probation program. The press release should address the media's concerns about the lack of effectiveness of the juvenile probation program and focus their attention on how the juvenile justice advisory board's new initiative will tackle this issue. Incl

Jose Padilla versus Rumsfeld

The saga of Mr. Padilla. Discuss Jose Padilla, an American, and the trail of litigation which began in May 2002, when he was arrested in Chicago on a federal material witness warrant issued by a U.S. District Court judge in New York and taken to New York City. He was subsequently incarcerated at the Charleston Naval Brig afte

History of Terrorism from the American Revolution to Present Day

Identify and examine the history of terrorism from the American Revolution to present day, and the effect it has on governments, communities, businesses, and individuals. Address the following areas: - Describe how the Russian revolution and the Irish Republican Army influenced terrorism in the Western hemisphere. - Comp

Bill of Rights, Due Process Protections and Administration

I must interview 5 people so I developed 10 survey questions to ask you about the Bill of Rights and due process protections and administration. 1. How do you feel about Plea Bargaining and Guilty Pleas? 2. Search and arrests without warrant? 3. Tracing the progress of a criminal case? 4. Administrative Justifications? 5. T

Using Evidence to Solve a Crime

You have a suspect, but not enough evidence to arrest. You have blood evidence, but the suspect will not give a DNA sample. You cannot compel this person to do so because the evidence is not substantial. - How would you legally obtain the suspect's DNA? - Explain the term curtilage. - Would this include a barn in an open fi

Social and Criminal Justice

Can someone please help me with this? Thank you. Social and Criminal Justice We usually look at criminal justice as a system, an idea, or a philosophy. Three of the major ideas that express the idea of social justice include equality, solidarity, and human rights. Explain how equality, solidarity, and human rights are exa

The Criminal Justice System

Could I get assistance with the following question please. I am not too sure how to approach this. Thank you Question: The criminal justice system is made up of three main branches, including law enforcement, the judiciary, and corrections. The system as a whole can be viewed and analyzed from different perspectives and conside

Charged in a State Trial Court

An African American defendant, who was charged in a state trial court with bank robbery, objected to the prosecutor's use of peremptory challenges to excuse three black men from the jury panel. The prosecutor explained that he excused the first juror because the juror had long unkempt hair, a mustache, and a beard. The prosecu

American Corrections

Hi, I need assistance with the following questions related to the American corrections system. Question: Identify and discuss the historical development of corrections in the United States and its influences. - How has corrections evolved since the early years of the United States? Explain. - What were the major milestones i

Gun Laws and Police Management

Hi, I need assistance discussing the following questions. I am not too sure how to approach them. 1. Discuss the various degrees of firearms control in place today, as mentioned by Zimring (e.g., "time, place and manner laws" and restricting dangerous users from obtaining guns). Do you believe that any of these solutions would

Discussing Juvenile Procedures

Discussion: Explain the laws that influence police procedures with respect to juveniles. Explain the laws that impact these procedures followed by juveniles in the court. Also, discuss an overview of important Supreme Court cases that ensured juvenile rights, and describe how these cases ensured the rights of juveniles.

Law Enforcement and Gathering of Information

Law enforcement did not always have the tools for gathering all information needed to prepare a case. Throughout time, laws have been made to secure the rights of criminal investigators to obtain the material needed to substantiate the evidence used in court cases. Have the development of new laws made the responsibilities of

Grand Jury Subpoena

Leonard Baum Scenario: Leonard Baum was convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to death. In preparing an appeal, Baum's attorney learned that the state never disclosed certain evidence favorable to Baum. That evidence included eyewitness statements taken by the police following the murder; statements made to the police

Domestic Violence: A Case Study.

Discuss the issues of domestic violence and how best to respond to the following case: A male who seems tired and disoriented is found wandering along a side street. The officer brings the male to the police station in order to determine the best course of action. The male is informed that he is not under arrest, but that the

Right and Protections Available to Juveniles in Michigan

1) Summarize the rights and protections available to juveniles in Michigan, using research and examples. 2) Identify the criteria for adult waiver and laws regarding the same in a different state using research and examples. 3) Highlight current trends in the juvenile justice system of that state by quoting recent changes

DNA Identification Technology

Please see the attached for the question. Unit 6 question I know in recent years advances in DNA identification technology have led to a number of exonerations of convictions that were based on eyewitness identification because DNA identification was not available at that time. And the procedures for eyewitness identific