Most juvenile offenders do not go on to commit crimes as adults. Most go on to live productive lives. Please give an overview of the history of the juvenile justice movement. Make sure to reference the progressive movement, the advent of juvenile court, the juvenile rights movement, and other pertinent movements within juvenile justice history.
How has the rise of juvenile justice contributed to the welfare of children? Make sure to substantiate your reasons with cited facts.
The history of juvenile justice over the last 100+ years is predicated upon the realization in society that children are different in their development and cognitive understanding than adults. Therefore, when juveniles commit crimes, they should receive sentences that account for these differences. Beginning in the early 20th century and late 19th century, a progressive group of primarily women began a movement that would ultimately result in the creation of a criminal justice system in America entirely for juveniles. The women of this progressive movement lived in major United States cities that saw large influxes of immigration from Europe and the south at the turn of the 20th century. These immigrants and their children lived in squalor within cities across the country with children often turning to delinquency and criminal behavior to support themselves.
Many children lived on the streets and were not receiving any education, which frightened the mostly affluent women associated with the progressive movement. These women of privilege realized that these children would become adult criminals that could terrorize the city and themselves as well as the fact that nonproductive adults would not provide future work forces within the city. As a result of this recognition, the women of this movement began to rally around their cause of providing services for these children by lobbying their influential husbands and friends to create a system that would result in many of these children ...
The juvenile justice movement is examined.