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Juvenile Justice Movement

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Most juvenile offenders do not go on to commit crimes as adults. Most go on to live productive lives. Please give an overview of the history of the juvenile justice movement. Make sure to reference the progressive movement, the advent of juvenile court, the juvenile rights movement, and other pertinent movements within juvenile justice history.

How has the rise of juvenile justice contributed to the welfare of children? Make sure to substantiate your reasons with cited facts.

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The history of juvenile justice over the last 100+ years is predicated upon the realization in society that children are different in their development and cognitive understanding than adults. Therefore, when juveniles commit crimes, they should receive sentences that account for these differences. Beginning in the early 20th century and late 19th century, a progressive group of primarily women began a movement that would ultimately result in the creation of a criminal justice system in America entirely for juveniles. The women of this progressive movement lived in major United States cities that saw large influxes of immigration from Europe and the south at the turn of the 20th century. These immigrants and their children lived in squalor within cities across the country with children often turning to delinquency and criminal behavior to support themselves.

Many children lived on the streets and were not receiving any education, which frightened the mostly affluent women associated with the progressive movement. These women of privilege realized that these children would become adult criminals that could terrorize the city and themselves as well as the fact that nonproductive adults would not provide future work forces within the city. As a result of this recognition, the women of this movement began to rally around their cause of providing services for these children by lobbying their influential husbands and friends to create a system that would result in many of these children ...

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The juvenile justice movement is examined.

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Child Saver's Movement

Prior to the 19th century, children were generally viewed as "small adults" and treated accordingly. Adult punishments for children eventually changed with the "child saving movement."

How did the prevailing social conditions influence the child saving movement, and why?

What other alternatives could have been proposed to the child saving movement?

How did the child saving movement have a positive effect and a long-term influence on the beginnings of the juvenile justice system? Explain your answers with research and reasoning.

Should juveniles who commit serious crimes be treated as adults? Will this help slow down the rate of violent acts committed by juveniles?
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In recent years, politicians, policy makers, and the general public have started demanding that juveniles take the responsibility for their actions and should be punished the same way as adults. This demand is allowing more and more juvenile offenders to be prosecuted in adult or criminal courts. Do you think these demands are taking us back to the type of situation which occurred before the child saving movement? With the increase in these demands, discuss the impact of the child saving movement on the modern juvenile justice system.

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