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Child Saver's Movement

Prior to the 19th century, children were generally viewed as "small adults" and treated accordingly. Adult punishments for children eventually changed with the "child saving movement."

How did the prevailing social conditions influence the child saving movement, and why?

What other alternatives could have been proposed to the child saving movement?

How did the child saving movement have a positive effect and a long-term influence on the beginnings of the juvenile justice system? Explain your answers with research and reasoning.

Should juveniles who commit serious crimes be treated as adults? Will this help slow down the rate of violent acts committed by juveniles?
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In recent years, politicians, policy makers, and the general public have started demanding that juveniles take the responsibility for their actions and should be punished the same way as adults. This demand is allowing more and more juvenile offenders to be prosecuted in adult or criminal courts. Do you think these demands are taking us back to the type of situation which occurred before the child saving movement? With the increase in these demands, discuss the impact of the child saving movement on the modern juvenile justice system.

Solution Preview

Prior to the 19th century, children were generally viewed as "small adults" and treated accordingly. Adult punishments for children eventually changed with the "child saving movement."

How did the prevailing social conditions influence the child saving movement, and why?

The prevailing social conditions responsible for the child saving movement were that during the beginning of the 20th century, many people had moved to cities as a result of the industrial revolution along with immigration from Europe. Cities such as New York and other major metropolitan areas were besieged by squalor, crime, and delinquency. Many juveniles were not cared for appropriately and roamed the streets day and night. Aristocratic women in these cities were afraid of the potential criminality these children could bestow upon them and their families, and decided to establish programs to remove these children from the streets, their families (often forcefully), and to implement them in trade schools across the country on farms and other sites. This was the beginning of the child saving movement's crusade, which ...

Solution Summary

This solution of 696 words describes the characteristics of the juvenile justice system and the Child Saver's Movement in the current political system.

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