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    Other Conflicts

    There have been many other human conflicts around the world other than World War One, World War Two, the Korean War, and the French Revolution. This section will cover other wars that have not been discussed.

    The Rwandan Genocide of 1994 is an example of human conflict. Rwanda’s population of seven million was composed of three ethnic groups: Hutu (85%), Tutsi (14%), and Twa (1%).¹ Hutu extremists blamed the Tutsi minority for increasing social, economic, and political pressures.

    After the plane carrying the Hutu President Habyarimana was shot down, violence began and the Hutu used the cover of war to exterminate the Tutsi population.¹ Women were systematically raped and killed and 800,000 men, women, and children perished in the genocide, and almost three-quarters were the minority Tutsi.¹

    The genocide only ended when the Tutsi-dominated rebel group defeated the Hutu regime.¹

    The Russo-Japanese War of 1904 to 1905 is also an example of human conflict. By 1904, Russia and Japan had already had several disputes over the control of Manchuria. Russia moved into the area and took control of a strategic warm water port and Japan staged a coup to take it back.²

    The Japanese attacked a Russian fleet before making a formal declaration of war, surprising the Russians.² The two forces clashed in Korea and the Sea of Japan.

    More than 100,000 soldiers from both sides were killed and half of a Russian naval fleet was destroyed.² The high cost of the war led to both sides to negotiate for peace, and Japan asked President Roosevelt to negotiate a peace agreement.² The peace treaty concluded with Japan receiving most of the benefits but Russia not having to pay any indemnity fees to Japan.² President Roosevelt later won the Nobel Peace Price for his part in negotiating the talks towards peace.²

    Lastly, the Iraq-Iran War between 1980 and 1988 is an example of human conflict. The war official began with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran.³ Iraqi president Saddam Hussein claimed that the reason for the invasion was over the Shatt al Arab waterway that bordered Iran and Iraq.³

    Iran began to attack Iraq, and Iraq used chemical weapons as a war tactic.³ The United States and several European countries got involved in the war in 1987 due to Iranian attacks on oil tankers in the Persian Gulf.³ Iran was eventually forced to accept a UN ceasefire, but not before nearly 1.5 million people perished.³


    1. http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/genocide/genocide_in_rwanda.htm
    2. http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/PortsmouthTreaty
    3. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press.

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