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Juvenile and adult judicial system differences

Explain the differences between the juvenile and adult judicial systems:

- The history and development of the juvenile justice process (both systems)
- The focus of the juvenile justice system
- The focus of the adult justice system
- Strengths and weaknesses of the treatment and prevention models in each system
- Strengths and weaknesses of the punishment model in each system
Use references/cite sources.

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Explain the differences between the juvenile and adult judicial systems:
Juvenile justice is predicated upon the rehabilitation of offenders while the adult system focuses on appropriating punishment to fit the severity of the criminal offense. This is the essence of the differences between the two systems.

The history and development of the juvenile justice process (both systems):
The development of the juvenile justice system was borne out of the child savers movement of the early 20th century and late 19th century wherein women and others from higher society began taking interest into the growing problem of street children in the emerging megacities that began to form during the height of the Industrial Revolution. Many of these child saver advocates feared the criminal acts that were committed by children and the exploitation of them. They also knew that sending them to adult jails or institutions further raised the risks of exploitation. Therefore, beginning with the creation of the first juvenile court in Cook County Illinois, the movement toward removing children from the adult system and creating a system predicate upon parens patrie emerged.

The initial system allowed for juveniles ...

Solution Summary

The solution discusses juvenile and adult judicial system differences.

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