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Juvenile and adult offenders

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What is the differences between juvenile offenders in the community and adult offenders.

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The underlying beliefs of the juvenile justice system is that youth are not fully mentally developed and that their actions and thoughts can be changed. The system focuses on rehabilitation and community protection as primary goals.

Rehabilitation is not a primary goal of the adult justice system. The adult system focuses on offenders being punished and help fully accountable for their crimes.

There are limitations to public records for juveniles, whereas the records for adults are public and can be ...

Solution Summary

The differences between the criminal process and treatment of juvenile offenders compared to adult offenders.

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Juvenile vs. Adult Offender Treatment Approaches

Theorists such as Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson have documented the psychological skills and psychosocial needs of juveniles as being different from those of adults. Studies in developmental and child psychology reveal that there are significant differences between children and adults in terms of treatment processes and that children cannot, and should not, be treated as "mini-adults." Juveniles of different age groups have differing supervision needs as well. Even children of the same age may have significantly different needs. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that the needs of juvenile offenders in forensic treatment settings are unique from those of their adult counterparts.

Restrictions in treatment environments often impact the overall treatment process for juvenile offenders. Juvenile courts may mandate treatment, and parents may refuse to be part of the change process. In addition, drug abuse, sexuality, peer relationships, gangs, and violence all can complicate treatment efforts when treating juvenile offenders. Forensic treatment providers must be acutely aware of juvenile (minor's) rights in their locales as well as the laws surrounding juvenile offender treatment.

Think about the unique characteristics of juvenile offenders and reflect on considerations related to the treatment of juvenile offenders.

Select at least two similarities and two differences between juvenile and adult offender treatment approaches and programs.

Provide a comparison (similarities and differences) between juvenile and adult offender treatment approaches and programs. Explain at least two similarities and two differences related to treatment approaches and treatment programs. Explain at least one conclusion you drew or insight you gained because of your comparison.

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