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Juvenile Delinquency Prevention

Examine the causes of juvenile delinquency and the best strategies and interventions designed to stop juvenile delinquency.

1.A detailed history of juvenile justice and varying approaches to its prevention.

2.An exhaustive examination of all stakeholders to juvenile delinquency.

3.A complete description of the issues addressed.

4.A detailed analysis of possible strategies and interventions designed to stop juvenile delinquency.

5.A comprehensive list and weighing of alternatives, both pro and con, to the strategies/interventions proposed.

6.A prediction for how juvenile justice prevention and intervention strategies will be handled over at least the next two decades.

Can supplement papers with interviews of juvenile agency personnel, updates on current legislative initiatives in the area, and political analyses of juvenile justice issues.

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Examine the causes of juvenile delinquency and the best strategies and interventions designed to stop juvenile delinquency. At a minimum, paper should include the following:

1.A detailed history of juvenile justice and varying approaches to its prevention.
The history of the juvenile justice system was formed in the late 1800s to change the US polices with regards to youth offenders. Initially, child offenders above the age of seven were treated and incarcerated like common offenders. Since then some of the objectives that have been set for the juvenile justice system have included the "rights of youth", creating a hate among the youth towards jail terms, and compliance with the "due process of law" has made the system harsh and in some cases inhuman. The earliest Reformatory Refuge was built in 1824 and was called the New York Hoses of Refuge. It was only in 1899 and when the Progressive Era commenced in the US that individual states started setting up rehabilitating centers. There was a feeling during the progressive era starting 1901 that the justice system should take the responsibility to recover the lives of young offenders before they were sucked into criminal activities. The parenting responsibility was that of the state so that the children got an opportunity to recover. In the year 1967 mot of the cases of juvenile delinquency were tried in juvenile courts. Persons under the age of 18 were tried in juvenile courts. The approach was to use civil proceedings rather than criminal proceedings. However, in 1967 it was held by the Supreme Court that it was necessary for the juvenile courts to use the due process of law (Zigler, Edward. 1994)".
The approach after the decision was to encourage the states to develop plans that would discourage juvenile delinquency. In this context The juvenile delinquency Prevention and Control Act 1968 was passed. To strengthen this movement, the Office of juvenile justice and Delinquency Prevention, The Runaway Youth Program, and The National Institute for Juvenile justice and Delinquency Prevention was established. The law was The ...

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