Discuss special probation/parole client and programs that have been established to address this problem client. Focus on 1 type of special needs offender (substance abusers, sex offenders, gang-affiliated, DWI offenders, those with HIV/AIDS, or those with mental disabilities).
Provide examples of programs that have been created. List their strengths, weaknesses, successes, and failures. Also discuss plans for a new program. Use the strengths from some of the programs that you have researched in your design. Provide specific details as to how and why your program will be a success.
The specialized group that I will summarize is substance abusers. Substance abuse is the most significant problem within the criminal justice system as it represents over 70% of criminal offenses that are responsible for inmates being sentenced to prison. Therefore, when someone is released on probation or parole for a substance abuse offense, the probability of them recidivating is high. The necessity of creating a specialized program to deal with this population is in the interest of criminal justice and a promising model that could potentially revolutionize probation for this group is Recovery-Oriented Care for Drug-Abusing Offenders.
This model provides for continuity of treatment and utilizes evidence-based interventions at every stage of a substance abusers process within the criminal justice system beginning from arrest, conviction, incarceration, and probation. The key for probationers within this program is to link these offenders to treatment for their substance abuse with community services provided by the program. Two individual programs will be analyzed within this summary including the Treatment Alternatives Via Designated Program and the Sheridan Model for Integrated Recovery Management as clients progress through the justice system.
Millions of Americans are sentenced to probation for these nonviolent offenses and therefore, immense benefits can be gained by using a model that is focused upon reducing criminal recidivism by linking offenders on probation and parole to drug abuse treatment and other services in the community. The Treatment Alternatives Via Designated Program gives access to treatment to substance abuse probationers as opposed to prison and nonviolent offenders are given this autonomy. The substance abuse will be analyzed to determine if the dependency on the drug is related to their substance abuse.
The expert discusses the special probation/parole client and programs.