Explore BrainMass

Lesson Planning

A lesson plan is an instructor’s roadmap of what students need to learn and how the learning will be accomplished. Before a lesson plan can be created, a teacher needs to identify the learning objectives of the class.¹

An effective lesson plan integrates these three components: objectives for student learning, teaching and learning objectives, and strategies to check student understanding.¹

There are six steps to preparing an effective lesson plan. The first is outlining learning objectives. The first step is to determine what you want students to learn and be able to do at the end of class. To help develop objectives for learning, answer the following questions: what is the topic of the lesson and what do I want students to learn?¹ It is essential to rank the learning objectives in terms of their importance in order to manage class time.

The next step is to design specific activities to get students to understand and apply what they have learned. A teacher might start with a question or activity to gage students’ knowledge of the subject; you can ask students in class, through an email survey, or through comment cards.¹ This additional information can help shape your introduction.

To make an introduction interesting, an instructor might use a personal anecdote, historical event, thought-provoking dilemma, short video, or a practical question.¹

It is important that a teacher prepare several different ways of explaining material to get the attention of students.¹ The teacher needs to estimate how much time each activity will take and ensure to plan for extended discussions.

Checking for student understanding is the next step in creating a lesson plan. Brainstorm questions that test the students’ knowledge and try and predict the answers the questions will generate.¹ It is important to balance covering content and ensuring that students understand that content.¹

The next step is to develop a conclusion and a preview of the lesson plan. Go over the material covered in class by summarizing the main points of the lesson. Conclude the lesson not just by summarizing the main points, but also giving students a preview of the next lesson.¹

The last step is to create a realistic timeline. It is very easy for an instructor to run out of time during a lesson, so time management is very important. The lesson plan also needs to be continually edited during class in order to meet the needs of students.




1. Milkova, Stiliana. University of Michigan. Strategies for Effective Lesson Planning. Retrieved May 14, 2014, from

Image sources: Wikimedia

Categories within Lesson Planning

Extracurricular Activities

Postings: 4

Extracurricular activities are activities outside of the regular curriculum of a school or college.

Lesson Planning for Community Service

A possible community service project: a student chosen, designed and presented to adults presentation (designed for seniors in HS, but could be adapted to any group of class) to benefit the students and school with positive public relations, and to help fulfill required documented community service hours for graduation.

Explanation of A Lesson Plan

Explain a lesson plan. Describe the different types of information found in a detailed lesson plan. In your discussion, include a design document and its usefulness. at least 200 words in length

Lorena Case Study Project

See the attached file. Purpose The purpose of this group project is to have students collaboratively walk through a hypothetical case, applying knowledge and skills learned in Modules 1 - 4. This provides an authentic artifact of students' ability to work on a real life problem. The case is presented at the end of these in

Bloom's Digital Taxonomy

First Grade Math - Include an introduction that describes the unit's basic purpose; the student population; and any prior knowledge, concepts, and other prerequisites students will need to participate in the unit. - List 4 learning objectives or instructional objectives for the unit following ABCD format and working with Blo

Curriculum Design: Issues, Trends, History

Research issues and trends in curriculum design. Include the history of curriculum design from the past until now. Write a review of your research, and include recommendations on dealing with issues and utilizing trends.

The Importance of Curriculum Sharing in Educational Achievement

1. Discuss the positive as well as negative impacts of curriculum sharing on instruction and student performance. 2. Explain why are the impacts possible or if they are not plausible. 3 pages minimum, include references Useful article: Ares, N.. (2008).* Cultural practices in networked classroom learning environ

Assessments for Diverse Learners

How does an adult educator demonstrate that he/she is using appropriate modification strategies for assignments, instruction, and assessments for diverse learners?

Ice Cream in a Bag - What Should Kids Learn?

With regard to the attached lesson for 5th grade Physical Science properties of matter, some questions: 1) What specifically, should students learn in this lesson? 2) What should students be able to do after the lesson? 3) How could a teacher draw on students' skills, knowledge, prior experience, experiential backgrou

A Review of the PLT Website

1. From an elementary school (K-5) perspective, how would using lessons from Project Learning Tree (I am viewing Pre K-8 Environmental Education Activity Guide) address the needs for students to engage in the environment? What evidence from PLT supports this? 2. What is the relevance of the type of learning PLT promotes. Woul

Lesson Plan

Locate and analyze a course, unit, or lesson found online. Be sure to include the Internet address of the selected content within your references. Write a brief summary of the course, unit, or lesson, including the anticipated grade or content level. Based on your own analysis of the content (do not duplicate something that may

Science/Literacy Dinosaur Lesson for Elementary Students

Ideas to design a science lesson for elementary students related to dinosaurs are 2nd grade are offered, according to these premises: 1) Learning experiences for 2nd graders (what do I want students to learn in this lesson? what should students be able to do after this lesson?) 2) Life and Social Skills goals 3) Language Ar

Kindergarten Lesson Plan on Medieval times

Please provide a kindergarten lesson plan that covers the Medieval times and covers some of the vocabulary of the era. It will include music and art activities as well.

Evaluating Multicultural Books and Diverse Literature in a Classroom.

Using the guidelines listed below, choose a multicultural piece of literature to evaluate. Explain and justify whether each guideline is addressed in the book. If the guideline is not addressed, share how you think the book could be modified to include all of the guidelines for evaluating diversity in children's books. H

Curriculum Guides

A curriculum guide is a packet of practical ideas for teaching that is written in a convenient format as practical teaching notes for use by either you or your colleagues. It is a how-to guide that covers steps for achieving specific objectives, principles governing behavior, or descriptions of effective teaching strategies, int

A Lesson Plan About Native Americans for Elementary

Please help me create a lesson plan for: Native Americans - A Thematic Integrated Unit for 4th Grade focusing on the Navajo, Sioux, Iroquois Indians, and Algonquin Give examples of the issues that can be described in your rationale - language and culture, learning styles, active participation in the classroom, learning st

Strategies for Teaching

After reviewing the various strategies for teaching in the content areas, select one and explain its use. For which content area would you utilize this method? What is the purpose of this method? Which level of English language learner would benefit? Is this something you would feel comfortable using in your classroom? Why/why

Similarities/Differences between topical and overarching questions

Describe the similarities and differences between topical and overarching questions. I must also describe how to use each type differentiate between between intent and scope in the formation and describe the use of essential questions. I must then create an example of one topical question and one overarching question that I co

Lesson Plan on Multicultural Issues

Write a critique of the lesson below. Describe the multicultural issues that are addressed. Evaluate whether the lesson demonstrates an appropriate response to the multicultural issue. Multicultural Lesson Objectives Activities will help students: - Read and respond to themes in a picture book - Unde

Developing Effective Lesson Plans

Mary is a social studies teacher at a high school in Colorado. Her students are currently studying World War I, and while she feels confident with the amount of time she has spent planning the unit and the progress so far, she finds that he routinely has 5-10 minutes left at the end of class where students are left without an ac

Evaluating Website Lessons

Create a lesson plan on how to evaluate the validity and usefulness of a website. Create the lesson at a level appropriate for students in your educational setting.

Real World Teaching Situations

Megan recently accepted a job as a first year kindergarten teacher in a community that is primarily Hispanic. A majority of her students are second language learners and many have parents who do not speak English. Megan has never spoken a second language, ignoring two years of high school French that left her conversational but

Fluency Reading Plan

I have to do a mini-unit lesson plan on fluency and I have no idea where to start. I also have to write an overview of the lesson plan. Can you please help me out with some ideas and examples? Here's the assignment: In fourth- to eighth-grade classrooms, there are great books that could become the basis for instruction in

Designing a Professional Development Plan

Design your own Professional Development Plan. You will need to create a step-by-step timeline that shows your commitment to personal and professional growth in creating academically and culturally diverse classrooms. Using the exercises for personal and professional growth from Chapters Two through Eight of the course text,

Differentiating for Learning Profile

What is a lesson plan? What is a measurable learning outcome? Explain and provide possible differentiated teaching strategies (aligned to the learning outcomes) that are appropriate for a variety of students with different learning profiles. Differentiated process Differentiated product Differentiated content Explain how

Civil War Unit Evaluation

For this problem, I must evaluate a pre-developed unit of instruction. I must evaluate the quality of the unit's objectives, activities, and assessments with supporting documentation on best practices. It mus be three to five double-spaced pages in length (excluding title and reference pages) and has to be submitted in APA forma

Graphic Organizer Month Long Lesson Plan Outline

Using a graphic organizer of your choice, create a basic outline of a social studies theme that could be taught over the course of a month or longer. Choose a topic that would include two or three units that flow in an orderly sequence. Display the unit titles in the graphic organizer with lesson titles and topics. Full less

RSVP Instructional Framework

The RSVP Method View the elements of the RSVP instructional strategy framework below. Select at least two activities you would like to include in your classroom instruction for teaching 1. What is the class you will use for this assignment? - Grade level. - Subject matter. - Mix of students (include at least one of th