Explore BrainMass
Share

Explore BrainMass

    Theories in Cross-Cultural Psychology

    Cross-cultural psychologists are interested in the effects of cultures on behaviour.

    In terms of research, the concept of culture must be broadly defined. With this in mind, psychologists “can identify subcultures based on ethnicity, age, political beliefs and other characteristics by which people define themselves."¹

    Cross-cultural research provides an amazing methodological opportunity for psychologists to test the generality of the results of a study. In the case of psychology, “if similar studies performed with members of different cultures produce similar results, we can be more confident that we have discovered a general principle that applies broadly to members of our species."¹

    In research, cultures are operationalized with respect to two major classes of variables: biological and ecological. Cross-cultural psychologists often stress that “culture and psychological processes are fundamentally intertwined”¹. Psychologists Fiske, Kitayama, Markus and Nisbett propose that cultural psychology strives to better understand the psychological principles that inform cultural practice and processes.¹

    Markus and Kitayama have conceptualized two different construals (or explanations) of the self that reflect these cultural differences.The independent construal emphasizes the ‘uniqueness of self,’ its autonomy from others and self-reliance¹. The interdependent construal emphasizes “the role others play in the construction of a self-concept."¹

    Although the nature vs. nurture debate does not seem to be going anywhere, it has become increasingly widely accepted in psychology that although basic psychological processes are universal, these processes are informed by environmental variables. Culture is indisputably a massive contributing factor to our environment. It influences our family life, child rearing and worldviews among countless other variables.

     

    Reference:
    1. Carlson, Neil R.. Psychology: the science of behavior. 4th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1993.

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 23, 2019, 7:16 pm ad1c9bdddf

    The Classical Brigade system vs. Modern Brigade System

    Need assistance with researching the organizational systems of modern kitchen and compare them to Escoffier's brigade system with an emphasis on: - Supervisory Level Position - Skilled and technical Level Position -Entry Level Position * The distribution or combination of duties * Work assignments

    System Management versus Annual Appraisal

    1) Some some organizations use e-learning as a less expensive and more convenient alternative to classroom training. What are some of the most important advantages and disadvantages of e-learning for this organizations? 2) What types of goals are suitable for diversity training? 3) How might a complete performance manageme

    Positive Psychotherapy in GLBT Communities

    1. What is positive psychotherapy? 2. Do think that gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered (GLBT) individual's mental challenges are any different than heterosexuals? 3. Do you feel that incorporating positive therapy into psychotherapy practices through education, training and unbiased reinforcement of the strengths th

    Ethical case study on diagnosis and assessment

    For this discussion, review the case vignette in the presentation A Colleague's Dilemma, which you viewed in this unit's study. Discuss your reaction to Ricardo's approach to counseling and the decisions he has made in order to provide services to lower-income adolescents and families. 1. Identify the key ethical issues in

    Piaget and U.S. Culture

    What are the stages associated with Piaget's stages of development? Do you believe this theory is relevant to U.S. culture? Why or why not?

    Strategies for Promoting Positive Environmental Behaviour

    I need help with notes related to the assignment Select an environmental problem that you can observe in your local community (i.e., air pollution, noise, traffic, waste disposal, water control, construction, crowding). I need help trying to discuss • Evaluate at least two strategies for promoting positive environmenta

    Personality Theory Blog

    Imagine that you have been asked to write a research-based blog post for a human resource management website. Discuss one of the major personality theories and how this theory is used to conduct assessment. What stood out to you about personality assessment practices? Reflect on current research trends that utilize this informat

    Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

    700 Words (PTSD) psychological disorder and a local organization that provides mental health services. •Research the organization's website •Identify multiple cultures the organization serves. •Identify symptoms of your selected disorder and describe how the interpretation of the symptoms varies across cultures.

    Theories and Measurements of Intelligence Functioning

    Construct a brochure for a local elementary school. Consider your audience, as this information would likely be distributed during meetings where a child might have received an intelligence test. •Provide a brief overview of at least two theories of intelligence related to the content of your selected articles to help your

    Universality and Social Specificity: Culture in Counselling

    1) What is Universality and Specificity? Briefly introduce this topic as to what it is about. 2) Why would the topic of Universality and Specificity concerning emotion expression and perception be valuable and helpful to the helping professions such as psychologist, therapist and counsellors? Cite your sources. Your source

    Erikson's Model Of Human Development

    Consider the topics and models covered on attachment, cognition, moral reasoning, developmental models, language, attention, sensation, and perception. 2 slides which provides this organization with scenarios that would help them to identify when cultural aspects should be considered. 1 slide would need to list the model o

    Cross-cultural psychology analysis using case study

    Analyze cross-cultural psychology. As a part of your analysis, do the following: •Provide an overview of the case study. •Use the case study to provide a definition and an example of cultural and cross-cultural psychology. •Analyze the relationship between cultural and cross-cultural psychology. •Discuss the methodol

    The Fil-Am Ethnic Sub-Group and WW2 Identity Impact

    Please help me with developing a summary of one aspect of the history (such as an event or shared group experience) of the the Asian American or Jewish American population. Explain the impact of this historical aspect on the worldview of the group's members. Then explain how their worldview and current perceptions may influenc

    Culture and Identity In Counselling Process

    Please help me with coming up with one implication of the complexity of identity (their culture) as it relates to working with culturally diverse clients. How might one integrate this information about a client's identity onto the counseling process? In addition how can a counselor ensures that their approach is respectful to t

    Multicultural Counseling Competencies

    What are the strengths and weaknesses of the AMCD Multicultural Counseling Competencies. With this describe two recommendations that one could make in order to enhance the guidelines. How can these recommendations assist counselors in working with culturally diverse clients?

    Social Disorganization Theory: Coping

    You are the police chief of Anywhere, U.S., a mid-sized community. You have worked with your organization to adapt to the changes faced after 9/11. Now you are faced with the closing of a major plant in your town. Almost 1,000 men and women are now unemployed and foreclosed signs are popping up everywhere. People are forced to m

    Cross-Cultural Psychology Case Overview

    Analyze cross-cultural psychology: - Provide an overview of the case study (case study on miscommunication in multicultural teams) - Use the case study to provide a definition and an example of cultural and cross-cultural psychology. - Analyze the relationship between cultural and cross-cultural psychology. * 500 words f

    Pregnant women and mandatory AIDS testing debate

    Should pregnant women go through mandatory AIDS testing? Are at least 4 sources in favor of your position on your chosen issue peer-reviewed journals? Does at least 1 source provide a counterargument to your position peer-reviewed literature? Do you report on and address the counterargument by arguing why your chosen po

    Counseling Intervention Evaluation

    Can you locate and review at least six sources (peer-reviewed journal articles, books, or treatment manuals) and complete the following: -Identify the clinical procedures you will use in your program evaluation study. -Explain the theoretical foundation of the intervention program. -Explain the type of sessions (such as indiv

    IQ and social justice

    Are differences in intellectual ability due to being a product of social inequalities and lack of material resources and opportunities?

    Culture and research

    Help with the description of the two theories of human development that you selected. Then, compare the major components of the two theories. Finally, describe which theory best explains the influence of culture on human development and why. Support your responses using the Learning Resources and the current literature.

    Multicultural Competence

    There are a number of distinct issues that emerge when working with individuals whose racial and/or cultural background is different from one's own. Define "multicultural competence". Describe the sort of multicultural training that the literature suggests best promotes the ethical treatment of diverse populations. (Please see t

    Cultural Empathy

    Explain what "cultural empathy" means to you? Can we really know the inner experiences of clients? How has this course prepared you to deal with cultural diversity in your chosen area of counselling practice? Please reflect on learning points and insights with regards to this and other related issues covered throughout the cours

    Personality and Culture

    Describe how three different perspectives (of the eight perspectives discussed in the text) explain relations between personality and culture. Which theory accounts for cultural influences on personality best? Worst? Take one element of the theories or ideas presented this week and apply it to a real person - for example, someo

    Cross-Cultural Research Paper

    Hi, I need to compose a cross-cultural research paper and I need some assistance understanding the following concepts: - Describe the culture of interest and explain why this culture interests you, include whether it is a collectivistic or individualistic culture. - Describe the culture you most identify with and its characte

    Cultural Notions of Child Birth

    What are the three most important concepts you have learned about different cultures pertaining to child birth and how other cultures are different from the customs of the United States?

    Norm universality

    Can we assume when working with an individual from a diverse culture that all cultural norms apply universally to all people from that culture? Can we gain greater understanding of a client from a diverse culture if we practice the same technique(s) we might use if we aren't sure we are properly interpreting the emotions of a c