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Multicultural Competence

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There are a number of distinct issues that emerge when working with individuals whose racial and/or cultural background is different from one's own. Define "multicultural competence". Describe the sort of multicultural training that the literature suggests best promotes the ethical treatment of diverse populations. (Please see the code of ethics CCA)

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Source: Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association

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Solution Summary

This solution discusses issues of diversity from the perspective of CCPA ethical guidelines

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(1) Define "multicultural competence"

Multicultural competency is defined as 'The need for counselors/practitioners to develop an awareness of multicultural skills when working with diverse populations (Sue, Arredondo, & McDavies, 1992). The term has emerged as important topic in counseling and assessment designed to make counselors aware of the differences in skills need when working with diverse groups or individuals having a diverse background. A culturally aware counselor as envisioned by See et al. suggests being knowledgeable about diverse issues such as: (a) race, (b) gender, (c) sexual orientation, and/or socio-economic issues affecting others with different cultural backgrounds. Bothe the ACA (2005) and the CCPA, 1999, 2007). The ACA explicitly address the issue of "working with a diverse population in practically each section of its code.

(a) ACA Ethical Guidelines on Diversity

ACA (Section F.11) provides an introductory section on Multicultural /Diversity that requires counselor educators to obtain competency in recruiting and training a diverse faculty, (F. 2a). Further, they are to pursue continuing education courses and/or activities for training purposes regarding diversity ...

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