Please compare and contrast the American Psychological Association (APA) and American Counseling Association (ACA) guidelines regarding providing service to culturally diverse populations, including which factors do both sets of guidelines approach similarly, and are there points of difference between the two sets of guidelines?
- The American Counseling Association (ACA, 2005) Code of Ethics (paraphrased)
Section B.1. “Respecting client Rights” – Counselors must consider multicultural/diversity within an awareness and sensitivity concerning confidentially and privacy as it relates to culture. Counselors must respect different views toward disclosure of information, and make clients aware of who will have access to this information [B.1.a).
Section C.2.a- “Boundaries of competence”--states that counselors practice only within boundaries of their competence relative to education, training and appropriate professional experience. They are to obtain knowledge, personal awareness, and skills in efforts to work with a diverse client population.
Section C.5- “Non-discrimination” sets forth guidelines that caution not to engage in discussions or acts of discrimination of clients based on their age, disability, ethnicity, race, religion, spirituality, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, marital status, partnership, language preference, socioeconomic status or an basis proscribed by law. This standard is extended to include nondiscrimination against clients, students, employees, supervisees, or research participants in any manner that would have a negative impact on them.
Section E.5b- “Cultural Sensitivity” states that counselors to consider the client’s socioeconomic and cultural experiences when diagnosing mental disorders.
Section E.5c –“Historical and social prejudices in the diagnosis of pathology” stipulates that counselors recognize historical and social prejudices when diagnosing clients with pathology.
Section E.6.c –“Culturally Diverse populations”- counselors are cautioned that when selecting assessments for culturally diverse population, they ...
This solution cites the relevant APA and ACA guidelines for working with diverse populations and compares them in 1051 words with references.