Speak about the history of drug use, abuse, and addiction as it has developed over the centuries. Historically, which drugs have had the biggest impact on the world? Explain. Which drugs are most abused today? Explain. What has been the legality of drug use throughout history? Punishments? Explain. What do you think
Maureen, a victim of sexual assault (date rape) whom you worked with last week as part of your internship as a victim witness assistant, was approached by the local media seeking an interview about the crime she alleges, and she wants you to tell whether she should tell her story to the press or not. According to Maureen, wh
1.) Many American companies manufacture products in other countries. Obviously, these companies must pay a cost for having to ship their completed goods to America for sale. What are the benefits that these companies are gaining by manufacturing overseas? Could manufacturing products in other countries reduce crime? Why? 2.)
In your opinion, was drug use more prevalent in past decades than today? Explain. How do you think other cultures view drug use? Explain. Select one illicit or illegal drug and describe its general effects. How do you think that particular drug impacts users of different ages? Genders? Explain. Is drug use, besides f
Celebrities often endorse products. How much responsibility do you think a celebrity endorser should bear if the product they promote turns out to be fraudulent, unsafe, or harmful in some way? Think of an example of a celebrity endorsing a harmful or illegal product. Describe the example and explain why the celebrity should
By watching public executionsâ?"that can be viewed via television or Webcastâ?"people can see the consequence of what will happen if they commit a similar criminal act. What are some of the potential positives and negatives of public executions? Provide a functional analysis of public execution by exploring this issue from
1. Because early investigational errors in the identification of perpetrators can seriously undermine the outcome of a criminal case, it is important that investigators use proper, non-suggestive procedures for a lineup. Prepare an outline describing a model procedure for officers in your department to use when conducting both a
1.) Applying the basic notion of due process to involuntary confessions, explain why we would ever prevent a jury from hearing a defendant's confession? Would people ever confess to crimes they did not commit? What are the dangers of an inquisitorial system of criminal justice? 2.) In your opinion, should the use of DNA evide
Identify and describe six agencies that investigate white-collar crimes, including at least one each from local, state, and federal levels. For each of the six agencies, identify the types of white-collar crimes dealt with and provided an appropriate example.
You have joined the parole board in Oregon in the capacity of a member. The board needs to review the case of a child sexual offender who has already served 15 years of his 25-year sentence. He has participated in all of the rehabilitation services and has been a model prisoner. The chairperson of the board has asked you to draf
Media stories about serial killers and their crimes hog headlines. The criminal justice system invests efforts to bring in such criminals. In your opinion, does our criminal justice system spend excessive attention and resources on serial killers? Why? From a utilitarian perspective, what kind of focus should serial crimes re
1. How does a police officer decide whose consent to seek when searching a place where there are multiple owners, like a husband and wife, parent and child, or landlord and tenant? Do you share your home with someone else? Should that person be allowed to consent to a police search of your personal belongings? 2. Why is it
What is a federal drug policy? Discuss the history behind policy. What issues caused the government to adopt the policy? What criminal group does it target? Does it effect foreign trade? If so, how? What issues are neglected when enforcing the policy? Who enforces the policy? What are the costs on society? I have to decide if it
When a person is taken into custody and is being put into a jail or other facility, may officers conduct a complete body or a "strip" search? What is the justification for such a search? Does the nature of the charged crime make a difference? How far may such a search go? In addition, recommend a strip-search policy
Does jury composition influence the outcome of a case? Why? Explain how the jury composition may influence the outcome of a case and to what extent. Provide a rationale and examples to support your view. Can a jury be influenced by the prosecution or the defense? If yes, how? If no, why? Analyze whether jury nullific
One of the arguments for the abolishment of plea bargaining is that when a defendant pleads guilty, the court does not have the opportunity to scrutinize the police investigation in the case to ensure that the police conformed to the law. In the context of this statement, do you think adequate mechanisms are in place, either
You are facing a jury trial because the corporation you work for has accused you of fraud and embezzlement. If found guilty, you could serve up to 10 years in prison. The court is piloting a new program that allows defendants to choose some characteristics that are present in the jury of their peers. Which three characteri
In an encounter, if there is a seizure, in deciding whether there has been a "Terry stop" does the Court ask whether the defendant personally felt he or she was unable to leave? Why or why not? Justify your response distinguishing between an investigator stop and a seizure. Explain whether the test for a seizure is subjective or
A growing number of entry-level criminal justice practitioners have college degrees. Will the advanced education of these practitioners create a greater or lesser resistance to change from with criminal justice agencies and why?
You are the warden of a new maximum security prison and would like to have smart perimeters installed, but the state is in the middle of cut backs on the budget. You must write a proposal to the state legislature and explain the following: 1.) What smart perimeter mapping is 2.) How this type of mapping will be used and how
What recommendations for juvenile courts does Field offer that would not necessitate abolishing them? Why does he dismiss them, preferring instead to abolish juvenile courts altogether? Do you agree? Why or why not? Article: Child Murder Committed by Severely Mentally Ill Mothers: An Examination of Mothers Found Not Guil
Law professor Barry C. Field contends that creating a separate juvenile court system has resulted in unanticipated negative consequences for America's children and for justice. Take an either for or against stance to this argument. Discuss the good and bad points of these arguments. Article: Child Murder Committed by Se
Discuss victimology and how technology has changed over the past 20 years, and has created circumstances that can increase a person's chance of being victimized.
? Provide a brief description as to what specific factors serve as the basis for victimization towards Jewish people. ? Identify applicable case examples. ? List restorative justice models that could be used for Jewish people. ? Explain the benefits and challenges of the use of restorative justice. ? Select a contemp
There have been instances where law enforcement officials have singled out persons of particular races or ethnicities for security checks citing the necessity of such security measures, specifically in the post-9/11 scenario. Do you think the potential for discrimination outweighs the need for using profiling to apprehend crimin
Discuss the constitutional issues with regard to some extreme methods of punishing dangerous sex offenders, such as castration and permanent civil confinement. Are these methods really not punitive measures as the courts have suggested? What potential rights are at stake here?
Present your views on the statement that "it is the job of the police to catch criminals, and they know from experience who is likely to be an offender." Specifically examine racial profiling in your response.
Identify three changes expected in the criminal justice field over the next 50 years and analyze the current state of the area or issue, the effect it will have on the criminal justice system, and your opinion whether or not it is beneficial or detrimental to society as a whole.
What are the effects of positive and negative reinforcement on crime in both conflict theory and social control theory?
In this solutin the origins of the power that police have is discussed beginning with the fact that the power of policing the population is first issued through legislative measures that criminalize or outlaw certain behaviors. In-depth discussion on this and its relation to the constitution is provided.