You have joined the parole board in Oregon in the capacity of a member. The board needs to review the case of a child sexual offender who has already served 15 years of his 25-year sentence. He has participated in all of the rehabilitation services and has been a model prisoner. The chairperson of the board has asked you to draf
Media stories about serial killers and their crimes hog headlines. The criminal justice system invests efforts to bring in such criminals. In your opinion, does our criminal justice system spend excessive attention and resources on serial killers? Why? From a utilitarian perspective, what kind of focus should serial crimes re
1. How does a police officer decide whose consent to seek when searching a place where there are multiple owners, like a husband and wife, parent and child, or landlord and tenant? Do you share your home with someone else? Should that person be allowed to consent to a police search of your personal belongings? 2. Why is it
What is a federal drug policy? Discuss the history behind policy. What issues caused the government to adopt the policy? What criminal group does it target? Does it effect foreign trade? If so, how? What issues are neglected when enforcing the policy? Who enforces the policy? What are the costs on society? I have to decide if it
When a person is taken into custody and is being put into a jail or other facility, may officers conduct a complete body or a "strip" search? What is the justification for such a search? Does the nature of the charged crime make a difference? How far may such a search go? In addition, recommend a strip-search policy
Does jury composition influence the outcome of a case? Why? Explain how the jury composition may influence the outcome of a case and to what extent. Provide a rationale and examples to support your view. Can a jury be influenced by the prosecution or the defense? If yes, how? If no, why? Analyze whether jury nullific
One of the arguments for the abolishment of plea bargaining is that when a defendant pleads guilty, the court does not have the opportunity to scrutinize the police investigation in the case to ensure that the police conformed to the law. In the context of this statement, do you think adequate mechanisms are in place, either
You are facing a jury trial because the corporation you work for has accused you of fraud and embezzlement. If found guilty, you could serve up to 10 years in prison. The court is piloting a new program that allows defendants to choose some characteristics that are present in the jury of their peers. Which three characteri
In an encounter, if there is a seizure, in deciding whether there has been a "Terry stop" does the Court ask whether the defendant personally felt he or she was unable to leave? Why or why not? Justify your response distinguishing between an investigator stop and a seizure. Explain whether the test for a seizure is subjective or
A growing number of entry-level criminal justice practitioners have college degrees. Will the advanced education of these practitioners create a greater or lesser resistance to change from with criminal justice agencies and why?
You are the warden of a new maximum security prison and would like to have smart perimeters installed, but the state is in the middle of cut backs on the budget. You must write a proposal to the state legislature and explain the following: 1.) What smart perimeter mapping is 2.) How this type of mapping will be used and how
What recommendations for juvenile courts does Field offer that would not necessitate abolishing them? Why does he dismiss them, preferring instead to abolish juvenile courts altogether? Do you agree? Why or why not? Article: Child Murder Committed by Severely Mentally Ill Mothers: An Examination of Mothers Found Not Guil
Law professor Barry C. Field contends that creating a separate juvenile court system has resulted in unanticipated negative consequences for America's children and for justice. Take an either for or against stance to this argument. Discuss the good and bad points of these arguments. Article: Child Murder Committed by Se
Discuss victimology and how technology has changed over the past 20 years, and has created circumstances that can increase a person's chance of being victimized.
? Provide a brief description as to what specific factors serve as the basis for victimization towards Jewish people. ? Identify applicable case examples. ? List restorative justice models that could be used for Jewish people. ? Explain the benefits and challenges of the use of restorative justice. ? Select a contemp
There have been instances where law enforcement officials have singled out persons of particular races or ethnicities for security checks citing the necessity of such security measures, specifically in the post-9/11 scenario. Do you think the potential for discrimination outweighs the need for using profiling to apprehend crimin
Discuss the constitutional issues with regard to some extreme methods of punishing dangerous sex offenders, such as castration and permanent civil confinement. Are these methods really not punitive measures as the courts have suggested? What potential rights are at stake here?
Present your views on the statement that "it is the job of the police to catch criminals, and they know from experience who is likely to be an offender." Specifically examine racial profiling in your response.
Identify three changes expected in the criminal justice field over the next 50 years and analyze the current state of the area or issue, the effect it will have on the criminal justice system, and your opinion whether or not it is beneficial or detrimental to society as a whole.
What are the effects of positive and negative reinforcement on crime in both conflict theory and social control theory?
In this solutin the origins of the power that police have is discussed beginning with the fact that the power of policing the population is first issued through legislative measures that criminalize or outlaw certain behaviors. In-depth discussion on this and its relation to the constitution is provided.
George is a college student in North Carolina. Every weekend, he drives into Georgia to visit his family. George's family is well-respected and are influential members of their community. They are wealthy enough to give George a good education and supply him with an upscale, flashy, and expensive automobile. George is very re
The U.S. correctional system can serve two specific functions in relation to criminal offenders. First, it can serve as a tool for punishing the offender and making the offender pay for his/her crimes. Second, it can serve as a means to rehabilitating the offender and preparing him/her for successful reentry into society. 1.
Do you think it is beneficial for criminal justice professionals to agree that crime is "functional" in nature? Why? How could crime help private business? Identify 10 industries or companies that could benefit from crime. Are there problems inherent in organizations benefiting from criminal activities? Why? Should or
Some conservative commentators and a few judges say that the exclusionary rule is no longer necessary to deter police misconduct. You work as a lawyer in a local law firm. Your supervisor asks you to analyze the utility of the exclusionary rule: A list of the possible remedies when the police violate a defendant's constitutio
You are a sergeant in the patrol division of a local law enforcement agency. A few officers in your department illegally stop and search a car. One of the car passengers had stashed drugs under the seat, and the officers found those in the course of their search. The Chief asks you if you know any way in which to charge the pass
You are a prison warden in one of the federal prisons that does not allow conjugal visits for prisoners. You believe that prison-based programs such as conjugal and familial visitations are effective in reducing recidivism. What five pieces of evidence would you need to gather support for the implementation of these programs
To Catch A Predator is a popular weekly news show on the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) network. This show, with the help of an online watchdog group, Perverted Justice, attempts to nab child sex abusers who contact and trap children through the Internet. This show exposes predators irrespective of age, race, socioeconomic
The murder of 12-year old Polly Klaas by a paroled felon in 1993 led Californian votes to approve an initiative, three-strikes laws that mandated prison terms of 25-years-to-life for defendants convicted of a third felony. The law also doubled minimum terms for second time offenders. The state of Washington adopted a three s
How would the First Amendment prohibition on the government establishment of religion and its guarantee of freedom of religion apply to the following circumstances: Congress passes a law requiring all children to attend any church of their parents' choice every week. The President issues an executive order that federal ed