Share
Explore BrainMass

Criminological Theories and Research

What are the major types of criminological theories? How are they similar? How are they different?

What is criminological research? What provides discipline in the research process? Why is such discipline important?

What are similarities and differences between qualitative and quantitative research? Which one has a more significant role in criminological research? Why?

Please answer each set in about 200 words total.

Solution Preview

What are the major types of criminological theories? How are they similar? How are they different?

The three major types of criminological theories are labeling, routine activities, and social class theory. The labeling theoretical framework is predicated upon the ideology that people, particularly youths, identify with labels issued by society and matriculate toward these labels. Therefore, if a person is labeled as a delinquent as a teenager or younger, and subsequently treated accordingly, this person may begin to identify with this label and begin to act as a delinquent. The child could become entangled in the juvenile justice system and be further labeled as a problem child or criminal, and this would further make the person susceptible to incorporating the label into their actions.

Routine activities theory posits that for a criminal act to occur three variables must exist. A suitable target, a motivated offender, and a lack of capable guardians must be present for a crime to happen. Therefore, people who are victims of crime as a result of lack of capable guardians can theoretically play a role in their own victimization. The social class theory posits that those in power facilitate conditions of poverty and social inequality while developing laws through the legislature to sustain this ...

Solution Summary

The major types of criminological theories and research are discussed. How they are similar and different are provided.

$2.19