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    Viruses and Being Alive

    Please help answer the following question. Include references. Why are viruses not considered alive? In the explanation, include the criteria that must be met for something to be considered alive.

    Describing the Hershey-Chase Experiment

    Describe the Hershey-Chase experiment. Explain in your own words, as if you were talking to someone with no genetics background, how they used radioactive isotopes to demonstrate that DNA, not protein, is the genetic material. Be sure to include details of the experiment in your explanation.

    parasites: organisms that can cause parasitic diseases in the human being

    Discuss at least four types of organisms that can cause parasitic diseases in the human being. Explain three laboratory techniques that can be used to identify an intestinal parasitic infection. What are the different routes that pathogenic protozoans can use to enter the host cells? Why were some contact lens sol

    data and analyze factors

    Using the Internet to gather statistical data and related background information on your chosen disease. Compile information on the following: Populations affected by the disease Historical outbreaks of the disease Typical progression of the disease discussing your findings and analyze factors

    Hershey-Chase Experiment Proving DNA as the Genetic Material

    Hershey and Chase intended to see if it's the viral DNA or the viral protein coat that enters bacteria upon infection with bacteriophage (virus infecting bacteria). By determining this they could tell which component of virus actually carries the genetic information and results in formation of more viruses with in the bacterium

    Determination of the Titer of B-D-Galactosidase Using the ELISA

    The purpose of the experiment that took place was to determine the titer of B-D-galactosidase using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. given the results of the experiment, how do you determine the titer, and what do these results mean? The raw data (results obtained from the plate reader) are attached in the excel file. I fo

    Flu Shot and Immunization

    You had your flu shot but still got the flu. Use your knowledge of immunology to provide two explanations for this development.

    How retroviruses cause cancer

    A number of tumors from inbred animals such as mice and chickens show associated retroviruses. How do you think they affect gene expression in these animals such that it results in cancer? Propose experiments to test your hypothesis.

    Features of a perfect pathogen

    If you were to create a hypothetical perfect pathogen, identify four features of the pathogen that help to maximize its survival and spread within a host population. For each feature described, provide a named example of a real pathogen that uses a similar feature.

    HIV Pandemic

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is described as being a pandemic already, but does this disease have the potential to explode into one of the greatest health care threats during this century

    Foodborne Viral Infections

    What species is the most common source of virus in foodborne disease and what measures might be taken to reduce the risk of viral transmission from this source?

    Viral Foodborne Disease

    1.) Which group of viruses is the most common cause of viral foodborne disease? Note: Most be a least 3 paragraphs and please site references used.

    Shigella And Yersinia

    1.) Discuss in some detail the set of effectors developed by Yersinia sp. To ensure their survival in the human host. Note: Please cite references


    1.) What virulence factors are important in establishing a Salmonella infection? Note: Please make responses at least 3 paragraphs and cite references.

    Bacteriophages and Lysogeny

    I) Why might have virology developed more slowly without the use of Chamberland's porcelain filter? ii) How are viruses classified? Give a complete account of the characteristics used in this process? iii) Describe the lytic and lysogenic life cycles of a bacteriphages. Include in your answer comparisons a

    Lymphatic System

    Identify the organs of the immune system and their respective functions.

    Parvovirus B19-Associated Conditions

    2. Three siblings are exposed to Parvovirus B19, a virus that commonly infects children, infecting and destroying erythrocytes (RBCs) and in rare cases causes a transient anemia but usually is cleared with no long term affects. They responded as follows: -Brother #1, age 14, develops a high fever and general malaise 8 days a

    switching from Th1 to Th2 responses

    This solutions describes circumstances where it may be desirable to convert a patients' CD4 T cell response from a Th1-dominated to a Th2-dominated response or vice versa. The solution describes, using examples, diseases associated with these responses, and why each type of immune response may be damaging to the host.