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    IgM levels in West Nile infections

    Why does IgM increase by four fold with west nile virus between acute and four weeks later? Please explain the pathophysiology ie. complement system.

    Concept map in Immunology

    Draw a concept map using the words in the list below. Then write a paragraph summarizing your map - it should be clear from your summary that you understand the meaning and significance of each term on the list, and where it fits into the overall concept. (Your diagram may take any form - flow chart, circle diagram with a ce

    I need a flow chart

    Back ground info: Many of the most devastating human diseases result from an attack of various microbes (viruses, bacteria, fungi) on the human body. The flu epidemic of 1918 killed 22 million Americans and Europeans in just 18 months, and our ongoing war against the HIV virus is still waging. In order to fight against this ons

    Blocking Cytokine Function

    Looks at the various ways in which pathogens can block the function of cytokines. Includes several specific examples.

    Immunological safe zones pathogens

    Describes how some pathogens evade the immune system by avoiding it as much as possible in areas of the host not subject to strong immunological screening. Includes an example.

    Are Viruses Alive?

    Argue for or against the statement, "Viruses are alive." As before this is not an opinion question. State your position clearly: Yes, No or Don't Know and support your position with what you know about cells, living things and viruses. The internal structure of many protists is much more complex than that of cells of multi

    Virus are alive

    I am trying to figure out if the protists is engaged in more complex activities than the multicellular organism? I am looking at the difference

    The Nature of Viruses - Are Viruses Alive?

    Question: Are Viruses alive - is this a true statement? The internal structure of many protists is much more complex than that of cells of multi-cellular organisms. Does this mean that the protist is engaged in more complex activities than the multi-cellular organism? If not, why should the protistan cell be much more complicate

    Reproduction and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

    Which of the following statements is NOT true of STDs? a. STDs are extremely widespread. b. STDs are easy to track. c. Billions of dollars are spent every year battling STDs. d. Most people are unaware of the risks and consequences of STDs. Of the 15 million new cases of STDs in the US every year, what percentage of these

    Hepatitis A Virus Has Same RNA Nucleotide Bases ...

    We are studying viruses and this was a questions our professor threw out for fun true or false: "The hepatitis A virus has the same RNA nucleotide bases as gorillas." I have read the chapter over and over and cannot figure out the answer and now I am curious to know the answer or how to figure out the answer.

    Norovirus and seasonality

    Norovirus and seasonality I was asked to review this review this graph and interpret the results, given the research that is available for Norovirus and long-term care facilities.  I know that there is a correlation between seasons and Norovirus (i.e. the winter months- Nov. Dec. Jan. and Feb).  However, in this graph ther

    Density Distribution of Viral DNA

    A. Explain how the three density peaks in Figure 9-20 are related to replication of the injected DNA. Why is no 32P radioactivity associated with the light peak and why is no 3H radioactivity associated with the heavy peak? B. Does the injected DNA mimic the behaviour you would expect for the chromosomal DNA? C. Why do you thi


    I am going through my microbiology book and came across a "box question". The scenario read as follows. I have included the case scenario in the attachment. I think it is botulism caused by the onions... The onions sautéed in the margarine created an environment where the bacteria could proliferate. The questions the boo

    Case Study: What might have killed him?

    I am going over a case study in a book, and am having a bit of difficulty solving this one scenario. Case A young-athletic man in his early 20's is helped into the hospital by his girlfriend. He is feverish and his breathing is labored. The symptoms began about 24 hours ago and seemed to worsen quickly. Triage nurse as


    I'm writing a paper on SARS, and I was looking for information concerning the possible hiding location of SARS, it's mutation, and the various genes.

    Understanding Viruses

    Which of the following statements about viruses is not true: They are parasitic They are autotrophs They contain either DNA or RNA They use living cells of other organisms for reproduction The enzyme is enclosed in a peote shell.