Explore BrainMass

Explore BrainMass

    Acute Stress Disorder

    Acute stress disorder(ASD) (also known as acute stress reaction, mental shock or simply shock) is a psychological condition that develops in response to a traumatic or distressing event. ASD is considered to be a variation of PTSD.¹

    What causes it?

    ASD is the result of an extremely traumatic event in which an individual experiences or witnesses something deeply unexpected, disturbing and stressful. This typically involves at least the threat of serious injury or death to themselves or someone around them.

    ASD is a relatively new diagnoses and research on its diagnostics is in early stages. Preliminary research has found though that those who have experienced other traumatic events, had PTSD previously and/or had prior psychological problems are all more likely to develop ASD in response to a new stressor.

    Shock can be a major obstacle to quick recovery from injury on the battlefield.

    What are the signs?

    The symptoms of ASD vary dramatically on a case by case basis but almost always include an initial state of 'daze'. This usually means narrowed attention, disorientation and an inability to process stimuli correctly. Less commonly, those who develop ASD have partial amnesia during the episode.

    This initial phase  is usually followed by a drastic withdrawal from their environment and a mild to severe dissociative state. Others may experience agitation, serious anxiety, confusion, detachment or depression.

    Unlike PTSD, these symptoms appear almost immediately after a traumatic event and usually disappear within hours or days. During this time, the sufferer must have symptoms of anxiety and significant impairment in at least one essential area of functioning.

    How is ASD treated?

    For many, ASD resolves itself but this is not always the case. Gone untreated, ASD can develop into more serious disorders such as PTSD. Medication is not a typical route for treatment, but has been used in some cases for very short durations to treat ASD. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a more popular treatment option and seeks to use cognitive restructuring, imaginal exposure and vivo exposure to prevent PTSD. Cognitive-behavioral interventions have yielded the most consistently positive results in terms of preventing further post traumatic disorders.


    1. Laura E. Gibson (2009). Acute Stress Disorder. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.mental-health-matters.com/disorders/anxiety-disorders/acute-stress. [Last Accessed 4.12.2013].

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com June 19, 2024, 10:04 pm ad1c9bdddf

    BrainMass Solutions Available for Instant Download

    Oppositional Defiance Disorder (ODD) overview

    Using Oppositional Defiance Disorder discuss research-based interventions to treat psychopathology. Review and differentiate the characteristics of the disorder and discuss the research about intervention strategies for the disorder by completing the following: •Evaluate three peer reviewed research studies using the Resea

    Helping families cope with post-traumatic stress disorder

    According to this website, http://www.apa.org/topics titled "Helping families cope with Post-traumatic stress disorder" what are some of the symptoms of PTSD? How does PTSD damages relationships and what are some of the common examples according to this article "Helping families cope with PTSD"? What approach is this artic

    Determining the Validity of Employee Stress Complants

    You are the commander of the operations division of a medium-sized police department, in charge of the patrol, criminal investigation, and traffic sections. a. What would you do if several officers from each of the sections came to you and said that they believed that job stress was hindering officer performance and endanger

    Modulus of elasticity from stress-strain graph

    The following data are for cold-worked carbon steel tested in a tensile test: Original diameter: 12.725 mm Final diameter: 8.433 mm Original gauge length: 50.8 mm Final gauge length: 60.71 mm (Please see attached) The maximum load was 74.3 kN. Plot the stress - strain graph and

    Effective And Ineffective Stress Management Techniques

    How does one measure the effectiveness of a stress management technique for cancer caregivers such as taking time away from the patient? Also, what are the benefits of providing multiple stress management techniques to these stress sufferers, and are there at two or more barriers to effective stress management.

    Stress Coping Mechanisms: Cancer Caregivers

    Can someone please help me by explaining two approaches that might be used to address the most common ineffective coping mechanisms that cancer caregivers adopt? What are some effective coping techniques that they may be replaced with?

    ASD and PTSD

    Compare the similarities and differences between acute stress disorder (ASD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Also, what are two potential PTSD symptoms that could develop for a military health service worker and finally, two intervention techniques recommended to prevent PTSD.

    Stress and Loss

    How does stress effect you after you have lost a close relative say for example a child or brother. What would be some of the stressful effects may someone suffer?

    This is a clinical case of a patient presenting with abdominal pain and other symptoms. The most likely diagnosis and other differential diagnoses are being sought, along with the necessary diagnostic tests and treatment options.

    A 30-year-old female presents with nausea, vomiting, recurring midline abdominal pain especially after eating, fever, and fatty clay-colored stools. She admits to drinking alcohol frequently and also takes ibuprofen for headaches regularly. - What do you think is the diagnosis? - How could you find out? - What tests might yo

    Stress in Police Organizations

    There are four types of stress - external, organizational, personal, and operational - that are associated with the policing profession. Assess external stress: - What is external stress? - How does external stress affect the officer's job? - How does external stress affect the officer's social and personal life? Asses

    Stress Among Prison Staff

    What contemporary problems exist within the U.S. corrections system? What drug laws have most significantly impacted the corrections system? What issues exist with regard to staff members and the stressful environments of the correctional facilities? What is the concept of officer burnout? What role might court decisions play

    Yerkes-Dobson Model: Stress and the Workplace

    Describe how the Yerkes-Dobson model explains the link between stress in the workplace and identify how a leader can impact the effectiveness of their subordinates by applying the concepts in the model to their leadership style.

    Police Culture: The Effect of Stress

    Please help answer the following questions. How would you describe police culture? How does stress affect the policing community? What hypothesis can you make between stress and police officers who have to make difficulty/easy situational decisions?

    Coping with stress as a counselor

    Explain how you will cope with stress as a counselor. Be clear about what you feel will cause you the most stress as a counselor. Discuss how coping with stress is related to ethics.

    Describe the pathophysiology of hepatitis B.

    A 40-year-old man has chronic hepatitis B. What may be the cause of his condition? Describe the pathophysiology of hepatitis B. What are the signs of preicteric and icteric stages of acute hepatitis? What serum markers are found? Is cirrhosis likely to develop and what pathophysiological changes are taking place?

    Stress and Success in Family Life

    Chapter 11 tells the stories of six diverse families. Using four of the families as case studies, what would you do to work with these families from a strength-based perspective? Answer the following questions. a. What would be your first goal with the families? b. What strengths do you see in the four families? c. How w

    Discuss combat stress and strain.

    David and Sarah are married and have two young children. Both David and Sarah have full-time jobs. David is an accountant, and Sarah is a lawyer. Sarah is working on a tough case at work and often comes home from work in a bad mood. She takes out her frustration on David and the children by yelling and losing patience with th

    Health Matters/Stress Management

    Write a minimum 5 pages reflection critical analysis' essay of "Health Matters: Stress Management ." This forum reflection should explore the understanding of human beings as agents promoting change to improve their quality of life and social environment. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lT17Jr1EEJQ&feature=player_embedded

    One problem on stress and strain.

    I'm a new student to engineering and having some trouble with the question below. how is the force in this problem moved through the system? Direct shear stress = g = applied force/shear area

    cognitive experience of stress

    Give an explanation of how the cognitive perspective relates to/applies to/provides insight into/explains the experience of stress.

    Health Psychology problems

    1. What evidence exists to establish a relationship between stress and negative mood? 2. Explain how psychological theory can be applied to pain management. How effective are psychological techniques in dealing with pain and chronic illnesses? 3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of physiological measures, behavior

    Organizational Behavior Trends Paper

    Please base your help on this text. Schermerhorn, John R. Jr., Hunt, James G., Osborn, Richard N. (2005), Organizational Behavior, (Ninth Edition), John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Prepare a 750-1,050-word paper evaluating the following trends in organizational behavior: a. The influence of ethics on decision making b. The

    Issues in Organizational Behavior

    Need Help in answering the following questions: 1. How effective are non-monetary incentives in relieving stress? 2. How does employee motivation impact organizational performance? 3. In today's business environment, what is the importance of a culturally diverse workforce? Thank you!

    Arousal, Behavior, Stress, and Affect

    1. What are the differences between physiological and psychological needs? Provide examples. 2. What is the relationship between arousal and behavior? Does this relationship impact performance and affect? 3. What are the long-term and short-term effects of stress on the body, brain, and behavior?