Oppositional Defiance Disorder (ODD) overview
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Using Oppositional Defiance Disorder discuss research-based interventions to treat psychopathology.
Review and differentiate the characteristics of the disorder and discuss the research about intervention strategies for the disorder by completing the following:
•Evaluate three peer reviewed research studies using the Research Analysis.
•Conceptualize the disorder using one of the psychological perspectives listed in the text.
•Discuss the treatments or interventions that have been shown to be the most effective for your selected disorder. Why?
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First, when reviewing and differentiating the characteristics of the selected disorder, my work with at-risk teens prompts the selected topic of Oppositional Defiance Disorder (ODD).
One source defines it briefly:
Ezpeleta, L., Granero, R., de la Osa, N., & Domènech, J. M. (2015). Clinical Characteristics of Preschool Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Callous-Unemotional Traits. Plos ONE, 10(9), 1-14.
The authors claim that "Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a highly prevalent condition strongly comorbid with conduct disorder (CD) Research has frequently combined the two disorders in a single category (disruptive behavior disorders; DBD)" (1).
Experts further summarize its prevalent symptoms and etiology:
Donnelly, C. L. (2009). CHILDHOOD ADHD & COMORBID ODD: DIAGNOSIS & CONTEMPORARY TREATMENTS. CNS Spectrums: The International Journal Of Neuropsychiatric Medicine, 14(11), 3.
Citing the DSM IV, the author reveals how traits associated with the generalized label of conduct disorder are divided for diagnostic purposes using two specific patterns of behaviors:
-Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)
-Conduct Disorder (CD)
The article further defines Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) as "a recurrent pattern of negativistic, defiant, disobedient, and hostile behavior toward authority figures" (3) also associated with and " hyperactivity, impulsivity, short attention span, difficulty with follow through, defiance, argumentativeness, tantrums, etc" (3). Common behaviors tend to include temper tantrums, arguing, defiance, non-compliance, externalizing blame, vindictiveness, and other problematic behaviors (3). Experts also identify a genetic basis as "ODD also can run in families, and oftentimes represents difficulty in interaction patterns that develop over time between a parent and child" (3).
Diagnostically, ODD criteria warrant that at least 6 months of exhibiting defiant, hostile, negative behaviors (4 or more of the following):
-Arguing with adults
-Actively defying or refusing to ...
900 words of notes and references are listed to briefly summarize the main characteristics of Oppositional Defiance Disorder (ODD). Coverage of some possible intervention strategies for the disorder are also briefly discussed in this posting.