Explore BrainMass

American Constitution

We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

The Constitution of the United States is considered the supreme law of the United State of America. Contrary to popular belief, the constitutional system America has been living under since 1788, the year of the first Presidential election, is not the original American system of government. The first government set up by the continental congress was called the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Government. This system of governance only lasted 10 years. It was comprised of a unicameral body of delegates, with each state having a single vote who, acting collectively could make decisions on certain issues that affected all the states.¹ There was no President or judiciary and any decision required 9 out of 13 states in agreement.

In 1787 delegates from each state met in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation.¹ This resulted in writing a new charter of government: the Constitution

This Constitution consisted of seven Articles.The first three illustrated the doctrine of separation of powers, wherein the American government was divided into three branches; the executive, legislative and judiciary. The document instilled a system of checks and balances wherein each branch checks the balance of others.The fourth and sixth articles outlined the concept of federalism; wherein government authority rests in both national and state governments. The fifth and seventh articles had the procedures for amending and ratifying the constitution, respectively.¹

There were two focuses of the original Philadelphia conference: (1) separation of powers and (2) federalism. Both of these concepts are ingrained in the Constitution and continue to be integral parts of American political identity.

The biggest debate in the creation of the document was how to protect the United States against tyranny from both government and citizens. Another debate between the founding fathers whose result we still see today was the Great Compromise. The balance between more populated and less populated states was achieved by having the House of Representatives represent proportionally to state population and the Senate would have two representatives from each state.

The Constitution has since been amended 27 times. The first 10 amendments were ratified in 1791 and are known as the Bill of Rights.¹


1. The Constitution, the Articles, and Federalism: Crash Course US History #8. Retrieved from

The Bill of Rights and the English Bill of Rights 1689

Please help me with the following questions 1.Briefly describe the reasons for these documents being drafted. 2.Describe in detail the similarities and differences between these two documents. 3. In light of the recent national security legislation passed by Congress, i.e. the Patriot Act, do you believe our civil liberties

Carl Smith, Constitution, Citizen.

1. Carl Schmitt says, "Sovereign is he who decides the exception." explain what he means. 2. Can the Constitution be used to change what it means to be a citizen? Answer using two court cases.

James Madison, Ferderalist 10 & 51

1) Brief Summaries, main points. 2) Tone, Rhetorical, Irony? &

The Declaration of Independence (1776) Analysis

1). Provide a brief summary, analysis, and main points. 2). Is there any irony or rhetorical tone? 3). What is the justification given dissolving "the political bands" connecting the colonies with England? 4). What are the "unalienable" rights of men? What is the "pursuit of happiness"? 5). Do you think Jefferson bel

Constitution and a System of Separation

Explain how the Constitution provides for a system of separation of powers and checks and balances. Please help with an outline of how this subject should be best addressed.

American hate crimes within the past 20 years

I am attempting to write out a hypothesis on the topic of whether the US Congress has been able to decrease hate crimes within the past 20 years. I need assistance with deriving a fantastic hypothesis that is "eye catching" and interesting to the reader.

Political influences

Each question needs to be responded to in an organized, 500-word essay. 1.Explain the differences between Liberalism and Conservatism. Does ideology really make a difference in the United States today? How does this affect the two-party system? 2. Choose a political ideology other than Liberalism or Conservatism (Marxism,

Types/Levels of Senators

In studying our Constitution, specifically Sec. 3: I'm curious as to why there are three levels of Senators (based on class), and how this is determined and what purpose this serves? What makes first class different than the third other than length of service? Please clarify if you have a moment!

American Policymaking

I need assistance with answering the following question: Which institution is stronger in policy making today: the Congress or the President? Why?

Texas Constitution Problem

Please help with the following problem on American politics. In what ways does the Texas Constitution reflect the influence of the U.S. Constitution? What effect have changes in the U.S. Constitution had on the Texas Constitution?

Week1 Govt 1

In addition to having the oldest written constitution, the United States also has one of the shortest. To what can the longevity of so brief a document be attributed?

American Government

1. Contrast the views of economists and the American people on the issue of world trade. 2. Describe the stages of the policymaking process. 3. Explain the difference between moral idealism and political realism and how both have been incorporated into American foreign policy.

Congress and the Constitution

1. Why did the Framers of the Constitution create a bicameral legislature? 2. Was part of the reason for a two-house legislature the idea that it would be more difficult to pass legislation, therefore serving as a check on a runaway legislature? 3. What impact does this have today? Is it easy for Congress to agree on leg

Essay: Articles of Confederation vs. The Constitution

Please respond to any two of the following questions in an organized, 500-word essay Questions for the essays: What are the characteristics of American democracy? How does American democracy differ from the theory of democratic government? Are you a liberal, a conservative, or something in between? Using the table on

Could someone help with the following

1.Respond to the following question: ◦Do the many differences between people in the United States impede the functioning of the country? For example, do our differences make it difficult for us to agree upon solutions to major problems? 2.Provide at least two substantive reasons for your opinion.

The US Constitution & the Supreme Court

The solution discusses in a concise essay the following topic - "The Constitution is rather vague about the make-up, size, and responsibility of the Supreme Court. How has the Supreme Court evolved over its history? What do you think the Court's role will be in the future?" The solution is written in APA-format, referenced

De-Alignment in the American Political System

Please help with the following problem. How do the trends of de-alignment or lower rates of party loyalty and realignment reflect changes in the issues and mobilization of groups into the process? In your opinion, do party members think for themselves or do they follow cues from party leadership?

Leadership Styles, Candidacy, and PAC

1. What is the relationship between a president's leadership style in office and his (or her?) campaign style? Explain your answer. 2.Select a Political Action Committee (PAC). How is it funded? What political candidates does it support? Evaluate whether the PAC appears influential.

The Living Constitution

Research the debate about the role of courts, and specifically the Supreme Court, in deciding debates about constitutionality of laws and regulations. What arguments are offered for and against the power of judicial review? Cite cases in which judicial review has been used both well and poorly. What guidelines can you discern in

American Political Science

Describe the merit system? Describe the various types of courts? Trail court appellate court supreme court plea bargains uniform commercial code jurisdiction plea bargains uniform commercial code jurisdiction due process How are federal judges appointed? Senatorial courtesy How do cases reach the supreme court? Rules

American Politic Questions

1) Overview of our voting rights. Expanding Franchise poll tax turnout/voter participation American political community requirements to vote 26 amendment 2. History overview of the Democratic party from 1852 all the way to the present. 3) Explain the electoral college in detail. 4) Explain the various type of inte

Political Questions

Overview of the constitutional limitation of government power. Compare power national and state governments describe various types of gov grants. Describe about protected speech and what is meant by it. Explain what is meant by search and seizure (elocutionary rule, drug testing). Overview how affirmative action cont

10 Objective Type questions from the course book - Government by the People

1. During the Constitutional Convention, the Connecticut Compromise called for: ____a. a single-house legislature in which each state would be represented equally. ____b. the laws of the national government to be treated as superior to state laws. ___ c. a bicameral legislature with representation in one of the chambers