Each question needs to be responded to in an organized, 500-word essay.
2. Choose a political ideology other than Liberalism or Conservatism (Marxism, Socialism, Fascism, etc.) and research its history in the United States.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 5:37 am ad1c9bdddf
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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
1. Liberalism vs. Conservatism
Liberalism at its simplest meaning is the belief that in a free society, liberty and equal rights are most important (Koener, 1985). As such, liberals promote the maximum possible freedom one can have and it is also no surprise that they advocate tolerance and open-mindedness. Conservatism is a socio-political philosophy that sees the importance of traditional and essential social institutions to maintain society and the status qou. The purpose is to ensure continuity and stability which can only be achieved by controlled, gradual and planned activities/change. In a way, it is a kind of attitude that believes in preservation of society the way that it is where the state of society is assumed to be its most ideal & effective form (Riley, 1990).
In American politics, it seems pretty clear cut that generally, the GOP or Republicans are conservatives. They believe in preserving US institutions and the status qou. The Democrats on the other hand have views that fall under the general heading of liberalism, promoting change and individual freedoms above the preservation of traditional American institutions. Both parties believe that their views are the right way to govern and lead a nation, to secure the future of America and its people. But there are varied shades of liberalism and conservatism and not all versions are the same. Some liberals are hard-line progressives - those who are actively promoting radical social change and some liberals can consider extra-progressive views as dangerous. Some conservatives are extremely radical in their views of government, seeing any form of change as detrimental to the system.
I would say that ideology makes a huge difference in the political system. When politicians work, it is their ideology that guides their actions and ideology becomes that standard they refer to when making decisions about legislation and the future of the country. Ideology is important; it is the perspective from which ...
The solution provides insight, information and advise in putting together 2 500-word essays on the 2 questions listed in the original posting (see above); one on the differences between Liberalism and Conservatism and the other on the history of a political ideology in the US. References are listed. A word version of the solution is also attached.
Federalism, Confederation, Political Ideology and Other Issues
1. Explain the reasons why federalism was chosen instead of either confederation or a unitary system in 1787.
2. How does federalism keep government closer to the people? Is state government necessarily more responsive to the people than the federal government?
3. Distinguish between inherent, implied, and express powers. Give an example of each.
4. Will interstate compacts become more important with the development of new technologies? Give examples to support your answer.
5. What values are shared by most Americans?
6. Distinguish between "liberal" and "conservative". How useful are these labels in today's political discourse?
7. How have various developments in American history modified the political ideology of Americans?
8. How are basic beliefs in both freedom and equality represented in American policies today? Give examples of policies where you think that these values are compatible and where you think that they may be incompatible?
9. Is American diversity becoming increasingly that of reinforcing cleavages rather than cross-cutting cleavages?
10. Research the last two presidential elections and look for evidences of candidates appealing to particular gender issues. What are these issues and how did candidates appeal to them?
11. Compared with many other countries, America is a relatively very diverse country. Why haven't American problems with diversity been as difficult as those encountered by Canada, India, or the former Yugoslavia?
12. What are the special concerns of older Americans? How are these reflected in political participation?View Full Posting Details