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Acid and Base Organic Chemistry

Organic acids vs. aldehydes vs. alcohols vs. alkanes

1) When organic acids are subjected to continuing increases in temperature, and depending on the acid itself, is it reasonable to assume that organic acids convert first to aldehydes, then to alcohols, then to alkanes given increasing temperature??? It is also a fair assumption that condensing of these compounds would occur in t

Balancing acetic acid to calcium ethanoate equation??

I was able to balance a formic acid to calcium methanoate equation as follows: 3CH2O2 + 2CaCO3 = 2(CHO2)Ca + 3CO2 + 2H2O However, I have tried and tried and cannot seem to balance an acetic acid to calcium ethanoate equation: xC2H4O2 + yCaCO3 = y(C2H3O2)Ca + xCO2 + zH2O I just cannot seem to balance this equation ---

Molar Concentration and Quantity of Acids

There exists both formic acid and acetic acid in a 1 liter solution of water. The overall solution pH is stated as 4.0 and it is also assumed that the 2 acids contribute equally to the pH. How do I then determine the molar concentration and quantity of each acid in the 1 liter solution of water?

PH of a buffer

6. The Ka of citric acid is 7.4 x 10-4. What is the pH of a buffer made form 0.1 M citric acid and 0.1 M monosodium citrate?

Determining the Rate Constant for Mutarotation

Pretend that you are running the following experiment as outlined attached. 1. Prepare 100 mL of 5.0% (w/v) D-glucose solution. Fill the polarimeter cell with the solution. The cell is 10 cm in length. The polarimeter is set at 586 nm. 2. Zero the polarimeter on air. 3. Measure the optical rotation every five minutes and rec

Equations of reaction

1. Write the equations showing reactions of the amine and the carboxylic acid with the acids and bases added. 2. What are the major disadvantages of using ether as a solvent?

Naming Products

Please name the PRODUCTS after each step of the synthesis. See attached file for full problem description.

Bromination of Toluene

If you treat toluene with 2 equivalences of bromine, you will get aminly 2,4-dibromotoluene and not 2, 6-dibromotoluene. However, you can produce 3, 5-dibromotoluene by treating 4-aminotoluene with 2 equivalences of bromine. Then first treating the product, 4-amino-3,5-dibromotoluene, with HNO2 in H2SO4, and secondly treating


This problem set (2 questions, see attached file) provides an opportunity to evaluate organic acids and bases in order to determine the side of a reaction favored at equilibrium.


Draw a flow sheet to show how you would separate the components of a mixture containing and acid substance, toluic acid, a basic substance, p-bromo-aniline, and a neutral substance, anthracene.

Conversion of aqueous formaldehyde to methylene glycola

Assuming that you have formaldehyde, CH2O, fully solubilized in water at a temperature of 200 degrees F, is the first order and natural reaction: CH2O + H2O = CH4O2 In otherwords, assuming that the water is pure water, will formaldehyde with 100% certainty become methylene glycol? What things might inhibit the formation

Concentration of formaldehyde and methanol

If there is a measured concentration of formaldehyde and methanol in a 1000L solution of water at temperature = 180 degrees F (open to atmosphere), is there any reason to believe that these compounds will or will not convert to their relative organic acids and no longer be measurable in the form of actual formaldehyde and methan

IR Spectra Used to Determine Structure

In this experiment, I investigated the reactivity of primary and secondary alcohols toward oxidation with sodium hypochlorite (bleach). There were 3 possibilities: 1)only the primary alcohol is oxidized to the aldehyde (carboxylic acid); 2)only the secondary alcohol is oxideized to the ketone; or 3)both alcohols are oxidized.

Products of Reactions

Predict the major product of the following reaction after aqueous workup, including stereochemistry if appropriate. In some cases, the starting material may be recovered unchanged. CrO3, pyridine and HCl Predict the major product of the following reaction after aqueous workup, including stereochemistry if appropriate. In

Fatty acid oxidation and fatty acid synthesis

Metabolism uses various ways to ensure that 2 opposing pathways do not occur at the same time. For the following pair of pathways list 2 ways (different cell location, allosteric effector, covalent modification, different intermediate, different enzyme, or different means of transport). How are fatty acid oxidation and fat

Combinatorial Synthesis of Esters

The purpose of this experiment was to see which mixtures smelled like wintergreen. The 8 esters and the reactants (alcohols and carboxylic acids) from which they will be made are shown in Table 1. We checked the smell mixtures by using odor. Two, and only two, of the mixtures should smell like wintergreen (they contain met

Combinatorial Synthesis of a Series of Esters

1. Why are the crude ester mixtures washed with aqueous NaHCO3? 2. You wish to test 9 esters for antitumor activity. One and only one of the 9 esters will actually have antitumor activity. You will prepare the esters from an alcohol and an acid as was done in the lab experiment here. However, you will prepare mixtures contain

Separation Of An Acid And A Neutral Substance

Two questions need to be answered by using the attached document. #1. What is a good hypothesis? #2. How did you come to that conclusion about your hypothesis? This exercise demonstrates how solvent extraction techniques can be applied effectively to problems that require the separation of mixtures of organic acids, base

Volume and pressure problems

6. One of the treatments for gangrene and "the bends," is hyperbaric oxygenation. This occurs in a chamber in which oxygen is used at higher-than-normal pressures. How many grams of oxygen are required to fill a 4.50 x 103 liter hyperbaric chamber at a pressure of 225 cm Hg and at 62° F? If the same quantity of oxygen was pumpe

Formation of para-toluene sulfonic acid

Write a complete mechanism for the formation of para-toluene sulfonic acid. Clearly show the formation of the actual electrophile and all resonance structures of the intermediate hybrid. Identify the most stable resonance structures. (See attachment for full description of the problem)

Organic chemistry problems

1.What is the change in pH when 0.005 moles of HCl is added to 0.100 L of a buffer solution that is 0.100 M in CH3CO2H and 0.100 M NaCH3CO2? The Ka for acetic acid is 1.8 x 10 -5. 2. What is the resulting pH when 0.005 moles of KOH is added to 0.100 L of a buffer solution that is 0.100 M in H2PO4- and 0.100 M HPO4 2- and the

Naming compounds, formulas and reactions

1. Give The name for each of the following compounds (numbers are small) A: NiSO4 B: Ca (NO2)2 C: SO2 D: Fe (C1O)3 2. Give the Formula for each of the following compounds A: Lithium Iodate B: Cupric Chloride C: Lead (IV) Oxide D: Zinc Sulfite 3. Balance the following reactions A: Na2CO3 + HC1 -------->

Structure of Leucine (6 Problems)

Choose a structure from the list provided below that best fits each of the following descriptions. Place the letter of the structure in the blank to the left of the description. There is only one correct answer for each question. (see attachment for full description of problems) a. Starch b. Cellulose (see attached) f. suc

Organic Chemistry: Synthesizing Compounds

Please answer the following questions. Draw the synthesizing of the compounds. 1. Starting with toluene, prepare 2-bromo-4-nitrotoluene. 2. Starting with toluene, prepare 2,4,6-trinitrobenzoic acid. 3. Starting from benzene, prepare p=chlorostyrene. 4. p-Bromotoluene reacts with potassium amide to give a mixture of m- and

Finding unknown compounds

11. A low-melting solid A was isolated, which combustion analysis showed had composition C9H10O. The substance gave a precipitate when treated with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine solution. Furthermore, when reacted with iodoform reagent, a yellow precipitate of CHI3 was observed. Acidification of the alkaline solution from the iodo