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Acid and Base Organic Chemistry

Suitable Structures

Compound A (C7H14O) burned with a yellow, nonsooty flame and did not decolorized a bromine-methylene chloride solution. It did give a positive 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine test, but a negative Tollens test. Treatment of the compound with lithium aluminum hydride followed by neutralization with acid, produced Compound B, which ga

Simple compound reacts with carboxylic acid to make lidocaine

Identify and draw the structures of two simpler compounds one from which should be a carboxylic acid, from which you could make lidocaine. what type of reaction would these two compounds undergo in order to form lidocaine, and what is the other product of this reaction?

Primary Alcohols Oxidizing to Aldehydes and Carboxylic Acids

Primary alcohols can be oxidized to aldehydes and carboxylic acids. Often it is difficult to stop at the aldehyde oxidation state. One method frequently used to accomplish this, for those that boil below about 100 degrees C, is to remove the product from the reaction mixture as it is formed. This method is based on the fact t

In the preparation of amides, acid chlorides or anhydrides may be used to react with the selected amine. It is known that acid chlorides are more reactive than the corresponding anhydrides in this type of nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction. Offer a reasonable explanation for this observation.

In the preparation of amides, acid chlorides or anhydrides may be used to react with the selected amine. It is known that acid chlorides are more reactive than the corresponding anhydrides in this type of nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction. Offer a reasonable explanation for this observation.

Free-radical intermediate

Which one of the following reactions involves a free-radical intermediate? a. Acid-catalyzed hydration of (CH3CH2)2C=CHCH3 b. Addition of hydrogen bromide to (CH3CH2)2C=CHCH3 in the presence of peroxides c. Alkylation of sodium acetylide with bromoethane d. Dehydration of (CH3CH2)3COH with H2SO4 e. E1 elimination of

Problems with Organic Chemistry Questions

Please answer the following problems - include diagrams in the solution. 24.9 What factor determines whether a carbon atom in a compound is chiral? 24.27 Write structural formulas for the following organic compounds: (b) 1,3,5-trichlorocyclohexane (c) 2,3-dimethylpentane (d) 2-bromo-4phenylpentane (e) 3,4,5-trimet

Classifying Nitrogen atoms and IUPAC naming

Classify nitrogen atoms as Primary, Secondary, or Quaternary Compounds IUPAC Naming Covert the Following Fischer projections into tetrahedral representations and assign R or S stereochemistry to each. See attached for diagrams.

Organic Chemistry: Synthesizing

I am looking for an explanation to this question so that i can use them to review for my test. I have a vague idea of what is going on, i think i am just overwhelmed and need someone to simplify. Thanks. Synthesizing ethers via acid-catalyzed condensation reactions has limited usefulness. The conditions (sulfuric acid and hea

Para-position directors and IUPAC

Please see attached 1. 2. Even through the para position is one carbon father from the coarboxyl group than the meta position, p-cyanobenzoic acid is more acidic than m-cyanobenzoic acid. Explain the differences in acidity between p-cyanobenzoic acid and m-cyanobenzoic acid. 3. Explain the differences in acidity betw

Equation for the reaction of propanal

In writtena assigment 9, question 4. I need the name of the organic product. Write an equation for the reaction of propanal with each of the following reagents, and name the organic product. cyanide ion sodium borohydride phenylmagnesium bromide, then H3O+ Thanks. also what is a good time to reach you, I know we

Esterification of Isopentyl Alcohol

1. If you look at a reaction for an esterification reaction, you cannot tell where the oxygen comes from (acid or alcohol). Draw the mechanism of this reaction, and devise an experiment using the mechanism and O18 (O18 isotope) to help prove unequivocally where the oxygen comes from. 2. The Fischer Esterification is highly re

Reagent, Reactant or Product: Mechanisms

Please provide complete answers and explanations and diagrams clearly labeled for all parts asked in the problem. Please provide it in a format that I can manipulate. See attachment for diagrams. Thanks.

Spectrums and Reactions

See the attached file. 1. i. Clearly draw the structure of the Lopinavir. (You can find the structure using any internet search engine.) ii. What is the use of Lopinavir? (maximum: two sentences) iii. On the structure that you have drawn label the following groups, if present: one phenyl ring, one benzyl ring, one amide

Reactions of Ethanol and Cyclohexanol

Show how ethanol and cyclohexanol may be used to synthesize cyclohexyl ethyl ether using tosylation followed by Williamson ether synthesis. Why can't we synthesize this product simply by mixing the two alcohols, adding some sulfuric acid and heating?

Monochlorination Products of this Reaction

Organic Chemisty 1 CHEM 307.002 Exam 7 Review (50 points maximum) 1. Please complete the following reactions by supplying the missing reactants or product(s) as indicated by a ? mark. Do not balance and do not show inorganic products or mechanisms. (22 points.) 2. Consider the reaction below to answer t

Weak acid and weak base

Weak acid/Weak Base 1. Calculate the [H3O+], pH, and the fraction of dissociation (&#945;) in an aqueous 0.140 M NH3 solution. (Hint: You will need the Ka, located in the back of your textbook.) NH3 + H2O <-->NH4+ + OH- 2. BHClO4 (0.10M) salt is formed from base B (Kb=1.5×10-4) and perchloric acid which dissociated into BH+

Acid and Base Organic Chemistry Example Problems

I have most of the answers on the attachment. I just looking to see if I am on the right track. I have added everything including back ground info that was posted on my lab assignment. I have also included all of my lab work which is completed and assumed correct on an attachment below. 1. What is the equivalence volume of

Find Ka, % dissocation, given concentration and pH

1. A 2.5M solution of hydrocyanic acid has a measured pH of 4.5. Calculate the Ka for hydrocyanic acid and its % dissociation. 2. Using an equimolar mixture of formic acid (Ka=1.8 x 10^-4) and sodium formate, determine the pH that this buffer solution will have.

Butyric Acid and Hydrazoic Acid

Hydrazoic acid, HN3, and butyric acid, HC4H7O2, are both weak monoprotic acids. Their pKa values (at 25oC) are 4.72 and 4.82, respectively. What is [C4H7O2-] in a solution in which the stoichiometric concentrations of HN3 and HC4H7O2 are 0.165 mol/L and 1.19x10-6 mol/L, respectively? Give your answer with three significant f

Crossed Cannizzaro reaction with Formaldehyde

I am having trouble with this problem. "...crossed Canizzaro reactions can be realized when one of the components is formaldehyde. Predict the products of the reaction below and give a suitable name to the reactants and products" Also, is formaldehyde the oxidizer or reducer in this reaction. I think this reaction is me

Fischer Esterification

Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problems. 1. The Fischer esterification is really an example of a. a nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction b. an aldol condensation reaction c. an elimination reaction (either E1 or E2) d. an electrophilic addition reaction e. a conjugated addition reaction

Amines

Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problems. 1. Which reaction sequence would be best to prepare m-chloroaniline from benzene? a. chlorination, nitration, reduction b. nitration, reduction, chlorination c. nitration, chlorination d. nitration, chlorination, reduction e. nitration, reduction, acet

Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problems. 1. Which one of the following is the least effective method for the synthesis of the compound shown? a. treat trans-4-tert-butylcyclohexanol with sodium acetate b. combine trans-4-tert-butylcyclohexanol and acetic anhydride in the presence of pyridine c.

Recrystallization Process of 1,1-Diphenylethanol

Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problems. 1,1-diphenylethanol I made the Grignard reaction with phenylmagnesiumbromide react with ethyl acetate to give 1,1-diphenylethanol. After drying with sodium sulfate, all in the solution was ether and crude oil solid. After all the ether evaporated or remove by

Diprotic Acids and Solution Equlibria

2. A 1.200 M solution of HCl is added to a solution containing 0.150 moles of sodium phosphate (Na3PO4). The resulting solution is then diluted to exactly 0.500 L, at which time the pH was found to be pH 8.00. What is the concentration of H2PO4- and HPO4-2 in the solution and how many mL of HCl were added? (For phosphoric acid

Spectrophotometry, Absorbance and Transmittance

1.A portable photometer with a linear response to radiation registered 73.6 &#956;A with a blank solution in the light path. Replacement of the blank with an absorbing solution yielded a response of 24.9 &#956;A. Calculate: a) The percent transmittance of the sample solution. b) The absorbance of the sample solution.

Aromatic Compounds and Electrophilic Substitution

1. Provide structures for these compounds. (a) p-nitrobenzoic acid (b) 3, 5-dimethylcychohexanone (c) N-methyl-2,3-dimethylhexanamide (d) 4-ethyl-2-propyloctanoic acid 3. Order the following compounds in order of increasing reactivity (1 being the most reactive. (a) CH3CONH2 ______ CH3COCl_______ CH3

Molar Absorptivity and Beer's Law

4. A weak organic acid in its dissociated form (A-) absorbs at 375 nm with a molar absorptivity, &#949;, of 4.48×103 L/(mol?cm). The non-dissociated form of the acid (HA) does not absorb at 375 nm. At 375 nm, a 3.0×10-3 M solution of the acid in water has an absorbance of 0.462 in a 1.00 cm cell. a. What is the concentrat

Using NMR and IR to Identify an Unknown Compound

An NMR and IR spectrum of an unknown compound were provided. The compound is a light yellowish powder-like substance with a melting range of 110-112 degrees celcius. When the ferric chloride test was performed, the solution turned red. The Bayer test was positive as well.

Predict the product with mechanism

Identify the product(s) of cis-norbornene-5,6-endo-dicraboxylic acid under reflux (heat) with sulfuric acid. Draw all possible products and provide curved arrow mechanism. What is the role of sulfuric acid? Expected material's melting point is reported at 203 C.