Explore BrainMass

Aromatic Alkylation

Given that the PKa of H2SO4 is -9 and that of HNO3 is -1.4, explain why nitration occurs more rapidly in a mixture of concentrated nitric and sulfuric acids than in concentrated nitric acid alone. Make sure you use equations and the mechanism of formation of the nitronium ion(NO2+) to support your answer.

Solution Summary

This solution explains the rate of nitration in nitric and sulfuric acids with reaction mechanism diagrams and chemical equations. All reaction steps are shown with justifications.