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    Medicine is the applied practice of healing through the act of diagnosis, treatment and disease prevention. As opposed to public or population health, medicine is a patient-focused health profession which is devoted to promoting good health and well-being.

    Medicine today has many fields which includes but are not limited to clinical practice, healthcare science and surgery. Clinical practice involves a doctor/physician doing a medical examination personally using his or her own training and judgment. Healthcare science on the other hand refers to the science of delivering the diagnosis and treatment within a healthcare system – healthcare scientists use a combination of medicine, psychology as well as the social aspects of health to help do their job. Surgery refers to a branch of medicine which aims to treat disease or injury through manual means, whether it is through the hands of a surgeon or through instrumental/robotic means.

    Medicine has been practiced, in one form or another, for over a million years. It all started with Prehistoric Medicine, where humans were still not able to read and write yet. Such a period is not attributed to one geographic location, as it spanned multiple regions and cultures. According to anthropologists, medicine in the prehistoric times relied on both natural and supernatural causes and treatments – which included a lot of trial and error. For example, prehistoric aboriginals in Australia believed that being sick was attributed to losing one’s soul. Since then, medicine has evolved into one of the most important aspects of society, where diagnosis, treatment and disease prevention have been the standard.


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    BrainMass Categories within Medicine

    Alternative Medicine

    Solutions: 50

    Alternative Medicine refers to any practice which claims to have a healing effect which is not based on empirical evidence or the scientific method.

    Clinical Trials

    Solutions: 26

    Clinical trials are behavioural or biomedical research studies that are performed to answer questions about interventions.

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    Case study on diabetes and congestive heart failure

    Case Study Three Present Illness Mr. Tompkins is a 62-year-old Native American male. He comes in because of increasing dyspnea on minimal exertion (DOE) and swelling in his legs for the past week. He has also noticed that his lower legs are red, warm to the touch, and mildly painful—4 out of 10 on a pain scale. His bl

    Medical Diagnosis

    Case Study Four Present Illness Mrs. Sakay is a 46-year-old Filipino woman with several complaints. She has migraine headaches (HA) every month before her menstrual period. She rates the unilateral temporal pain as 8 out of 10, and this is associated with nausea and occasional vomiting. She prefers to be in a dark, quiet ro

    Diagnosis Present Illness

    Case Study Two Present Illness Mr. Irving is a 45-year-old African American male who comes in for follow-up of his hypertension. The patient was due back for follow-up 1 month after starting his medication, but he was too busy to come in. He complains of a dry cough that has not responded to over-the-counter (OTC) Robitus

    Diagnoses case study

    Case Study One Present Illness Mrs. Jones is a 56-year-old Caucasian female who recently moved to Arizona from Minnesota and is a new patient. She has been feeling tired lately, which she attributes to her allergies. She has been taking Claritin®, but for the past month, it has not been working well. She complains of a runn

    Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

    Explain the medical differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. How do the diet and medical management practices differ in Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes patients? Be sure to include specific medications, exercise recommendations, and dietary recommendations in your answer along with appropriate references. How can the carbohydr

    Treatment of Post-Operative Hypovolemia

    You are working in the High Dependency Unit and caring for Mr Paul Lester, a 68 year old man, who is day two post-op following an elective repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The surgery was performed via a laparotomy, took several hours to complete and was uneventful. Mr Pearson weighs 90kg. Current plan of care includes:

    U.S. Government Response to H1N1 Flu

    What was the U.S. government response action (stage) for the 2009-2010 seasons H1N1 outbreak? Was this the appropriate stage in your opinion? Why or why not?

    Tumor Markers

    Define the term tumor markers and give a brief description of its clinical use and methods of detection Demonstrate, in a table/graph, 6 tumor markers by full name and abbreviation and the malignant neoplasm associated with it. some markers may be associated with more than one malignant condition, please include all that you fi

    Imaging triage in the ER

    1. You are the radiographer who is covering the Emergency room. The following patients are admitted and present with the following symptoms: A. Dave Black, 34 year old, has been in an automobile accident, presents with abrasions and pain in his right leg. B. Mary Green, 72 year old, presents with slurred speech, headache, mus

    ACSM heart disease risk

    If a person 55 y.o. latino male has a 15 yr history of HTN, family history of ischemic heart disease, smokes 2 packs of cigarettes a day for past 20 yrs., is sedentary, and is taking lisinopril, simvastatin, lopressor, digoxin, and furossemide are they at increased risk for CV disease? According to ACSM are they at high or mod

    Problems with Potassium

    Mr. Miller is hospitalized for cardiac problems. Somehow, medical orders are mixed up and Mr. Miller is infused with a K+ - enhanced intravenous solution meant for another patient who is taking potassium-wasting diuretics (i.e, drugs that cause excessive loss of potassium from the body in urine). Mr. Miller's potassium levels ar

    Heparin as a High-Alert Medication

    Discuss why heparin is identified as a high-alert medication by the Institute for Safe Medical Practice. You must search the internet, find a case with a bad outcome as a result of a medication error involving heparin, and write a synopsis about the case. Include how this error could have been prevented.

    Source of variation in medicine

    Describe the source of variation which may occur in medicine and how they can affect clinical findings. Secondly, discuss the various types of variables found in biostatistics and how they affect data interpretation.

    Diabetes Statistics and Preventative Medicine

    Based on the following statement, please answer the question below: "To the latter method of changing the statistic of very high number of pre-diabetic individuals, preventative medicine now strongly suggests lifestyle changes as the single most effective long-term strategy at mitigating long-term diseases from precipitating"

    Recent Changes in the Practice of Medicine

    Interview an experienced health care professional about changes in the health care industry. (Note: a para-professional, such as a nursing assistant, cannot be used. Ask your interviewee how the practice of medicine has changed in the past five years, in the last ten years, and ask challenges the interviewee believes exist fo

    health economics

    Indicate at which point flat-of-the curve medicine is experienced in the following example ( imagine that antibiotics have been prescribed for a given population of 1,000 elderly person.): NUMBER OF PRESCRIPTIONS HOSPITALIZATIONS FOR COMMUNITY

    the neighborhood doctor and medicine

    Could you help with the following: In the article "Reclaiming the Big Picture" from Dunworth, C. (2005). What is medicine?... If you ask someone whether they understand what medicine is, then they will usually either give you a dismissive nod, or will perhaps reply 'of course'. When you then ask them to follow up and explain

    areas of research related to health and medicine

    Submit a list of at least 2 but no more than 5 areas of research related to health and medicine that is of interest to you, and about which you'd like to review enough literature and research to be able to pick one strong and one weak research study to compare. Explain why you have picked these areas and why they are of interes

    Metric Conversion: Drug Dosage

    A client is ordered 200 mg every 8 hours of a medication given IM. The vial of volume 8 cc contains 300 mg/2 cc. How many mL/cc of the medication should be administered over 8 hours?

    Working with metric conversions: Drug dosage

    A client is to receive 2MG/hour of morphine by continuous infusion for pain. A solution contains 10 mg/50ccs in dextrose 5%. For the client to receive 2mgs of morphine/hour, the infusion pump should be set to deliver how many ccs/hour?