Explore BrainMass


Medicine is the applied practice of healing through the act of diagnosis, treatment and disease prevention. As opposed to public or population health, medicine is a patient-focused health profession which is devoted to promoting good health and well-being.

Medicine today has many fields which includes but are not limited to clinical practice, healthcare science and surgery. Clinical practice involves a doctor/physician doing a medical examination personally using his or her own training and judgment. Healthcare science on the other hand refers to the science of delivering the diagnosis and treatment within a healthcare system – healthcare scientists use a combination of medicine, psychology as well as the social aspects of health to help do their job. Surgery refers to a branch of medicine which aims to treat disease or injury through manual means, whether it is through the hands of a surgeon or through instrumental/robotic means.

Medicine has been practiced, in one form or another, for over a million years. It all started with Prehistoric Medicine, where humans were still not able to read and write yet. Such a period is not attributed to one geographic location, as it spanned multiple regions and cultures. According to anthropologists, medicine in the prehistoric times relied on both natural and supernatural causes and treatments – which included a lot of trial and error. For example, prehistoric aboriginals in Australia believed that being sick was attributed to losing one’s soul. Since then, medicine has evolved into one of the most important aspects of society, where diagnosis, treatment and disease prevention have been the standard.


Categories within Medicine

Alternative Medicine

Postings: 50

Alternative Medicine refers to any practice which claims to have a healing effect which is not based on empirical evidence or the scientific method.

Clinical Trials

Postings: 25

Clinical trials are behavioural or biomedical research studies that are performed to answer questions about interventions.

Case study on diabetes and congestive heart failure

Case Study Three Present Illness Mr. Tompkins is a 62-year-old Native American male. He comes in because of increasing dyspnea on minimal exertion (DOE) and swelling in his legs for the past week. He has also noticed that his lower legs are red, warm to the touch, and mildly painful—4 out of 10 on a pain scale. His bl

Medical Diagnosis

Case Study Four Present Illness Mrs. Sakay is a 46-year-old Filipino woman with several complaints. She has migraine headaches (HA) every month before her menstrual period. She rates the unilateral temporal pain as 8 out of 10, and this is associated with nausea and occasional vomiting. She prefers to be in a dark, quiet ro

Diagnosis Present Illness

Case Study Two Present Illness Mr. Irving is a 45-year-old African American male who comes in for follow-up of his hypertension. The patient was due back for follow-up 1 month after starting his medication, but he was too busy to come in. He complains of a dry cough that has not responded to over-the-counter (OTC) Robitus

Diagnoses case study

Case Study One Present Illness Mrs. Jones is a 56-year-old Caucasian female who recently moved to Arizona from Minnesota and is a new patient. She has been feeling tired lately, which she attributes to her allergies. She has been taking Claritin®, but for the past month, it has not been working well. She complains of a runn

Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Explain the medical differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. How do the diet and medical management practices differ in Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes patients? Be sure to include specific medications, exercise recommendations, and dietary recommendations in your answer along with appropriate references. How can the carbohydr

Treatment of Post-Operative Hypovolemia

You are working in the High Dependency Unit and caring for Mr Paul Lester, a 68 year old man, who is day two post-op following an elective repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The surgery was performed via a laparotomy, took several hours to complete and was uneventful. Mr Pearson weighs 90kg. Current plan of care includes:

Tumor Markers

Define the term tumor markers and give a brief description of its clinical use and methods of detection Demonstrate, in a table/graph, 6 tumor markers by full name and abbreviation and the malignant neoplasm associated with it. some markers may be associated with more than one malignant condition, please include all that you fi

Imaging triage in the ER

1. You are the radiographer who is covering the Emergency room. The following patients are admitted and present with the following symptoms: A. Dave Black, 34 year old, has been in an automobile accident, presents with abrasions and pain in his right leg. B. Mary Green, 72 year old, presents with slurred speech, headache, mus

Heparin as a High-Alert Medication

Discuss why heparin is identified as a high-alert medication by the Institute for Safe Medical Practice. You must search the internet, find a case with a bad outcome as a result of a medication error involving heparin, and write a synopsis about the case. Include how this error could have been prevented.

Source of variation in medicine

Describe the source of variation which may occur in medicine and how they can affect clinical findings. Secondly, discuss the various types of variables found in biostatistics and how they affect data interpretation.

Diabetes Statistics and Preventative Medicine

Based on the following statement, please answer the question below: "To the latter method of changing the statistic of very high number of pre-diabetic individuals, preventative medicine now strongly suggests lifestyle changes as the single most effective long-term strategy at mitigating long-term diseases from precipitating"

Recent Changes in the Practice of Medicine

Interview an experienced health care professional about changes in the health care industry. (Note: a para-professional, such as a nursing assistant, cannot be used. Ask your interviewee how the practice of medicine has changed in the past five years, in the last ten years, and ask challenges the interviewee believes exist fo

health economics

Indicate at which point flat-of-the curve medicine is experienced in the following example ( imagine that antibiotics have been prescribed for a given population of 1,000 elderly person.): NUMBER OF PRESCRIPTIONS HOSPITALIZATIONS FOR COMMUNITY

the neighborhood doctor and medicine

Could you help with the following: In the article "Reclaiming the Big Picture" from Dunworth, C. (2005). What is medicine?... If you ask someone whether they understand what medicine is, then they will usually either give you a dismissive nod, or will perhaps reply 'of course'. When you then ask them to follow up and explain

Working with metric conversions: Drug dosage

A client is to receive 2MG/hour of morphine by continuous infusion for pain. A solution contains 10 mg/50ccs in dextrose 5%. For the client to receive 2mgs of morphine/hour, the infusion pump should be set to deliver how many ccs/hour?