Explore BrainMass

Standardized Tests

IQ stands for intelligence quotient. IQ is a score derived from several standardized tests designed to assess intelligence. When new IQ tests are being developed, the median score is defined as IQ 100, and scores are either above or below the median. By this definition, approximately 95 percent of the population scores between 70 and 130.¹

IQ scores have been shown to be associated with morbidity, morality, parental status, and biological parental IQ.² Hereditary IQ has been investigated for many years but there is still no definitive or scientific proof of a link between genetics and intelligence.²

IQ scores are used as predictors of educational achievement, special needs, job performance, and income. Raw scores on IQ tests have been rising at an average rate that scales to three points per decade in a phenomenon called the Flynn Effect. The Flynn Effect influences low to moderate IQ scores with little or no effect on high IQ scores.³

IQ can change over the course of childhood. Additionally, IQ testing has reported that IQ declines with age after the beginning of adulthood. It is unclear whether any lifestyle intervention can preserve intelligence into older ages.³

Placement tests are used to assess the college readiness of students and place them into their initial classes. Since many United States two-year colleges have non-competitive and open admissions, placement tests are used to assign students to classes.

The goal of placement tests is to offer students remedial coursework so that they can move to regular coursework. The most common tests given are College Board’s ACCUPLACER and ACT’s COMPASS. Both of these tests are online, computer-adaptive, multiple-choice tests. Some colleges add computer-scored essay writing tests in addition to the multiple-choice questions.

Placement tests have also been used to inform instructors of a student’s potential for success, sorting students within a group, and introducing students to course materials. If students are not required to take placement tests, they tend to avoid them. If they are not required to take developmental courses, they will usually avoid them until they are forced to take them.

Many students do not understand the importance of placement testing. Lack of preparation is one problem that students face. According to a study by Rosenbaum, Schuetz and Foran, roughly three quarters of students surveyed say that they did not prepare for the tests.




1. Neisser, U (1997). Rising Scores on Intelligence Tests. American Scientist 85: 440-7.

2. Deary, Ian J., Batty G, David (2007). Cognitive Epidemiology. J Epidemiol Community Health 61 (5): 378-384.

3. Neisser, Ulric, ed. (1998). The Rising Curve: Long-Term Gains in IQ and Related Measures. APA Science Volume Series. Washington (DC): American Psychological Association.

4. Conley, David. Replacing Remediation with Readiness. Prepared for the NCPR Developmental Education Conference: What Policies and Practices Work for Students? September 23-24, 2010, Teachers College, Columbia University, p. 12.

5. Rosenbaum, James E., Schuetz, Pam and Foran, Amy. How students make college plans and ways schools and colleges could help.

Image source: Wikimedia Commons

Personal Assessment - Monitoring Plan

Once you have researched different assessment approaches, turn your attention to the activity you adapted in Unit 6. Address the following: How would you assess your lesson modifications? What tools could you use to establish whether the students learned what the lesson was intended to teach? How would you use individual an

Informal Assessment Matrix

develop a chart (matrix) that defines informal assessment and discusses: 1. The uses of an informal assessment. 2. Types of informal assessment techniques: structured and unstructured. 3. Validity and reliability of informal assessment.

Early childhood education issues: federal and familial

Why is it important to recognize the current practices in federal policies affecting early childhood education? How will this affect educators in the classroom? How do society, economics, and cultures affect child development both in the classroom environment and at home?

Progress Monitoring Charts

Plot the following data on a graph. The first 3 days are baseline of Tim raising his hand during group time; the next 6 days are data on the behavior during a self-management intervention. The goal of the intervention (criterion) was to have Tim raise his hand 5 times during the group for 3 days in a row. Include on your graph a

The Importance of Assessment

If you were asked to give a speech to peers on assessment importance, what would be the chief points you make in your speech? Why are these points important? What scholarly literature may support you?

Standardized Test

What is a standardized test? Explain the advantages and disadvantages of this methodology. How can educators utilize results of standardized tests?

Instructional Objectives for Teachers

In working with achievement tests as well as other kinds of tests, teachers at all levels have to learn how to write instructional objectives. They will need to learn how to specify what is needed in each objective as well as what the general outcomes of these objectives will be in specific terms. Through these objectives they

Types of assessments in high school classrooms

This solution was originally part of my masters thesis. I have decided to make it available for others to read. In this solution/essay I will discuss types of assessment (i.e. formative vs summative), adaptations for certain groups of students, how the 2 types of assessments can be used in a classroom unit, what the analysis of

Standard Testing and High-Stakes Testing

What are some of the effects of this trend toward standard setting and high-stakes testing? High-stakes testing also intrudes into classroom life. The time spent preparing students to take these tests has actually replaced time that would normally be spent on teaching and learning activities. Is this the best and most efficie

Standardized Tests and Informal Reading Assessments

Can you help me out with the following assignment? I could use some ideas and examples and a jump start. Thanks so much! PART 1 Analyze the pros and cons of standardized tests as tools for obtaining information about children's literacy strengths and needs that can guide instruction. PART 2 In addition, describe how yo

Three Most Common Tools Used for Assessment

Proper assessment is the foundation for effective instruction. The three most common tools for assessment are: observation, administration of standardized tests and portfolio assessment. Discuss the advantages and drawbacks of each form of assessment. Why is it important to use all three forms of assessment?

Promoting Critical Literacy in the Classroom

- How can teachers ensure that they are promoting critical literacy in the classroom while still meeting local, state, and/or national standards for standardized assessments? Discuss how using critical literacy strategies might benefit a student's performance on such tests? How might it be detrimental - What are the character

Standardized Seat Time and the Role of the Older Worker

1. What is standardized seat time? 2. Do you think there is also a role for training of older workers in the new climate? Should companies attempt to work with older workers or should the focus be training the next generation?

Bloom's Taxonomy and scores

Could the teachers who teach to the lower half of Bloom's Taxonomy be wrong because they feel it will increase test scores? Are there increases in student test scores as a result of the student's having been taught and tested at a higher level of the taxonomy?

An opinion about mainstreaming autistic students is featured.

I am trying to find out are students standardized scores better when they are mainstreamed? Or exactly when are the students test scores better? If the test scores are better, then is it because there is a relationship between teachers' attitudes and test scores? Is there a relationship between teachers' attitudes and test score

Student class participation

Should educators standardize how much of the final grade accounts for class participation? Example, a course syllabus might state that class participation is worth 20% of the final grade regardless of Bloomâ??s levels of learning. Personally, I would not standardize the grade for class participation. Hereâ??s my rationale.

Periodic large-scale standardized tests

Periodic large-scale standardized tests are comprehensive examinations. These are types of Summative Assessment. By definition, "a summative assessment is used for the purpose of documenting outcomes and judging value. It is used for providing feedback to instructors about the quality of a subject or program, reporting to stake

Podcast on Standardized Testing

Can you help me to summarize and critique this podcast (an interview with Bernard J. Wagenseller)? Also can you tell me some more questions that you might ask Mr. Wagenseller as a teacher yourself? Thanks!

Standardized Testing: Personal experience

1. What role should periodic large-scale standardized tests play in communicating about student achievement? 2. What are your thoughts about bias in standardized testing? Support your claims with experience or knowledge of supposed bias on these tests. How could tests be biased? 3. Describe your experiences with stand

Standard Testing: A Critique

Conduct an Internet search for an article on critical issue related to standardized assessment. Please prepare a summary of the article. Also please provide the website that you used or where you got the information from. Thanks.

Standardized Tests & Idiosyncratic Literacy

1. Explain how standardized tests can be unfair and unreliable in assessing children's ability to read, especially for children from diverse cultures. 2. Describe your understanding of idiosyncratic literacy development. Think of an example you have seen in your work with young children.