Explore BrainMass

Explore BrainMass

    Cognitive Psychology Theories and Theorists

    Those who study psychology through a cognitive framework are typically interested in the mental processes involved in absorbing, processing and storing information. German psychologist Ulric Neisser is regarded as the father of the discipline. He used the first used the term in 1967, distinguishing the framework from behaviorism and psychoanalysis.¹

    Another important contributor is Jean Piaget who developed Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development. He was a developmental psychologist who relied on a cognitive framework. To learn more about Piaget and his theories, consult the Developmental Psychology section of BrainMass. Cognitive psychology can be applied in many realms of psychology. It has seen practical application in abnormal, social and developmental psychology, among others.

    Major topics covered in cognitive psychology include perception, linguistics, learning, attention, memory and intelligence.¹

    Many cognitive psychologists believe it is possible to change someone’s learning potential for the better. While behaviorists use learning models based on conditioning, cognitive psychologists have pointed to ‘learning’ phenomena that is inconsistent with the simple operant response model. These include:¹

    Latent learning  - When something is learned but not manifested as behaviour until later.

    Cognitive maps - A mental representation of a set of physical features

    Insight learning - Arriving at an understanding suddenly on how to solve a complex problem after thinking about problem.

    Observational learning - When someone learns through seeing the consequences that others experience as a result of their behavior. Cognitivists note that a neural phenomenon called “mirror neurons” (neurons that fire both when an individual performs an action and when they see another individual performing a similar action) support their framework. Researchers agree that these neurons are essential in observational learning and early childhood developments such as learning to speak.

    Among the aforementioned cognitive psychology theories and trends, BrainMass’ section of Cognitive Psychology Theories and Theorists also includes solutions about theories of intelligence, William Wundt, Gestalt Laws of Perceptual Organization, left-right brain dominance debate and the phenomenon of forgetting.

    Cognitive Psychologist Jean Piaget 



    1. Psychology - The Science of Behaviour, by Neil R. Carlson, William Buskist, C. Donald Heth, Rod Schmaltz.

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com June 12, 2021, 4:00 pm ad1c9bdddf

    BrainMass Solutions Available for Instant Download

    Freud: Unconscious, Affect-Trauma, Topography & Mind Structure

    What could Freud's theories concerning the concept of unconscious thought means,repression and how it works, What could Freud's theories concerning the concept of unconscious thought means,repression and how it works, how his affect-trauma theory is? What is Freud's topographical theory and relevance's? What is the structural

    Therapeutic Practice

    I need to identify three different strategies or interventions used in motivational interviewing and show how this would appear in a group setting. Create a sample dialogue of the clients' statements in the counselor statement implementing these three strategies. Discuss the purpose of the intervention and the anticipated outcom

    General Research Support

    Suggestions concerning literature review, strategies to locate articles from the online library resources and descriptive statistics.

    What is the Halo Effect?

    What is the Halo Effect and how can the halo effect change a person's perception of others? Can the halo effect affect a child's perception of others? Is the Halo effect a learned behavior for children that is learned from their environment, from others around them, or society in general?

    Biology of Traits, Behaviour of Organisms, and more

    Can you lend some notes for these authors and their topics: 1. DeYoung, C.G. (2010). Personality neuroscience and the biology of traits. 2. Skinner, B.F. (1938). The behavior of organisms: An experimental analysis. 3. Triandis, H.C. (1994). Culture and social behavior. *Key Concepts *Historical Context and Histor

    Feminism and Family Therapy

    Need a discussion post that discusses feminism or multiculturalism within the context of a reported marriage and family counseling/therapy intervention.

    Objective Evaluation in the Workplace

    Can a fair and objective evaluation process ever be achieved in the workplace? Do manager's personal opinions of the employee and the employee's work cloud the objectiveness of the appraisal?

    Top-down Selection Recruitment Process

    Explain why top-down selection is not always the most effective when hiring. How might bias play into the selection process? How would you reduce bias when hiring?

    PAPER #2 - COUNS5238 Research on Counselor and Client Safety

    Research on Counselor and Client Safety 1. Locate a minimum of two current scholarly articles from professional literature that address counselor safety and two articles that address client safety in crisis situations, for a total of four articles. Tip: You may need to look at multiple disciplines, such as counseling, social wo

    What is quality research?

    Many practicing counselors struggle with understanding research and statistics. In fact, the literature shows that practitioners seldom read professional journals, and when they do, they read the authors' discussion sections and skip over the statistics. As you read through professional research articles, you may find it temptin

    Addiction Prevention

    While education is a significant component in the prevention of addictive behavior, it is a complex process that needs careful consideration when implementing. This posting helps to identify and evaluate the most important aspects of executing an education-based curriculum in addictions prevention. Then, discuss the relationship

    Content and Test Validity, Reliability

    Content validity is missing since the test is on the wrong subject, and there is a high reliability of test validity since it is asking the same types of questions each time.

    Freud: Id, Ego, Superego

    1.The basic structure of psychoanalysis and psychodynamic theory revolve around the idea that mental processes are automatically regulated by "the pleasure principle" and avoidance of pain. Why are these principles important to psychotherapy? Please support your reasoning. 2. What is research? How is scholarly research differ

    Eating disorder treatment ideas

    This posting offers resources and notes for defining emotional literacy, emotion regulation, and empowerment in the realm of helping parents, schools, and other influences in a child's life to better encourage children's development of emotional literacy.

    Merits of Family Meals

    I need some suggestions on how to address the importance and benefits of families eating together based on two peer-reviewed journal articles on families eating together. Discuss the importance and benefits of family meals. What are barriers to families eating together today? What could be done to support and promote increasing

    Decision Making: Anchoring Bias and Overconfidence Bias

    This posting briefly offers ideas to explain how anchoring bias and overconfidence bias might reinforce each other. It further analyzes how these two factors can likely influence the decision making process and can often lead to poor judgments. It also suggests some steps to avoid or at least minimize these two biases?

    Assess Dimensions of Personality

    Hello: This assignment was completed and submitted last week, but I have been asked to resubmit. I need to address the following: Select five well-known historical individuals (living or deceased) to illustrate the two extremes of the Big Five Model dimensions. Develop a chart that presents where the individual falls for e

    Article Reviews: Quantitative and Qualitative Article Analysis

    Hello: I need to use the following articles, to answer the following questions so, that I can finish incorporating the answers to my final draft. I only need 2-3 paragraphs for each question. FOR THE QUANTITATIVE STUDY Zwahr-Castro, J., & Dicke-Bohmann, A. K. (2014). Who can be friends? Characteristics of those who re

    Normal distribution curve and the association to individually

    This explains various basic theories and components and provides step-by-step explanation with examples, of the premise behind the normal distribution curve and how it relates to the definition, measurement, and computation of individually administered intelligence tests

    Solution focused therapy - Anxiety

    Case Conceptualization Interventions and Evaluation Complete this assignment by addressing the following topics in 4-part format. (Please see the attached Case Conceptualization that you will be using to do the rest of this assignment) Thanks. Part 1: Interventions List the three goals you formulated for this client and

    Legal Case study

    Share a case (confidentially) that involved a client who reported sexual abuse (past or current); domestic violence; or abuse of a child or dependent adult. If you have not worked with a client who has experienced or reported abuse, create a brief hypothetical case. Explain how you considered the ethical and legal aspects o

    Strengths and Limitations of Research Designs and Methods

    Hello, I need a letter help starting this. Briefly describe at least one research design and one methodology you could use for your dissertation. Explain strengths and limitations of each. Be sure to include a description of reliability and validity issues that may arise and explain how you would attempt to prevent and/or

    Case Study: Depression diagnosis

    Making a Diagnosis For this discussion, identify a client and address the following questions based on your diagnostic assessment: Describe your client's presenting problem and concerns in a maximum of one paragraph. What brought your client to counseling initially? Describe your diagnostic impression of the clien

    Importance of maintaining professional boundaries with clients

    Although you may have very good practices in place regarding maintaining clear boundaries at your fieldwork placement and during your sessions with clients, it can be more challenging to incorporate good boundaries in your personal life away from the counseling office. Do you talk to your family and friends using clinical jargon

    Depression CBT Treatment Plan

    Treatment Planning in Mental Health Counseling For this discussion, you will reflect upon how one's theoretical approach may influence how a counselor develops a treatment plan. For example, a counselor using a strengths-based, solution-oriented approach may think about a client's presenting issues, goals, and choice of int

    Childhood Trauma: Confinement

    A typically developing 10-year-old becomes trapped, unable to move, in an inaccessible location. It takes rescuers over 10 hours to find and rescue the child from the location. a) Discuss how the child cognitively and emotionally responds during the confinement i) from Piaget's sensorimotor perspective

    Program evaluation for addictions and teens

    Program Evaluation Plan Part 3: Communicating Results For the course project, you have been assuming the role of a consultant who has been hired to develop a plan for an evaluation of a clinical mental health counseling program. Remember, you are creating a fictitious but plausible program with hypothetical stakeholders, clie

    Program Evaluation: Data Analysis

    This discussion will help you prepare the data analysis section of your research design for your Program Evaluation Plan project. Your peers and instructor will provide feedback that will help you refine your plan. This is an extended post and should comprise 300-350 words. As part of your Program Evaluation Plan project, you

    Ethical/Cultural Evaluation

    Ethically and Culturally Sensitive Evaluation Plans This discussion offers you an opportunity to identify the ethical and legal issues that will be most relevant to my program evaluation. Address how I will meet the guidelines adopted by the American Counseling Association, the American Evaluation Association, and other appli