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Animal Biology

Energy expenditure in resource management

Suppose a tree squirrel living in the conifer forests near La Grande eats seeds that it extracts from pine cones and fungi that it finds on the forest floor. Also, suppose that currently it takes an average of 2 minutes to find a cone and 4 minutes to find a fungus. It takes 10 minutes to break open the cone and eat the seeds an

Animal Adaptation

Think about gazelles, zebras, antelopes, and other large hooved animals living in herds on the plans of Africa where there are a variety of species of large mammation predators like cheetahs, lions, leopards, hunting dogs, etc. Visualize that you are a member of one of those prey species. Explain about the antipredator mechanism

Animal Behavior: Antipredatory Adaption

The terms below, tell how each function as an antipredatory adaption and give a non-human example. - bastesian mimicry - misdirection - chemical repulsion - surprise - disruptive coloration - removing telltale evidence

Territory and Home Range, Map Sense and Compass Sense

3, Below is the movement track made by a bacterium in a culture dish exposed to a heat lamp shining from the side. What kind of response has the bacterium made? 4. Differentiate (don't just define): a. Territory and home range - b. Map sense and compass sense - 5. In my paper on roost site selection by silver-haired bats

Animal Behavior - Offspring Dispersion

1. As this male and its mate search their territory for insects to feed their young they wander widely but are able to return straight back to the nest once they have found food. What ability are they using to do so? At the end of the first nesting period, suppose this male and its mate have successfully raised one son and on

Animal Behaviour and Ritualization

Define ritualization and give one example of the way a behaviour might be changed during this process. See attached file for full problem description.

Questions about animal behavior and learning

(1) Choose one of the following terms (imprinting, habituation or latent learning) and tell how this type of learning could be adaptive for a wild organism. (2) The two graphs [see attachment] show the results of testing 4 species of birds in a spatial task and a non-spatial task. Why are Clark's nutcrackers much better than

Biology - Biomimicry

Discover more about biomimicry techniques. You will create a presentation covering the following issues: what implication(s) does this have for our species?; how does this alter our thinking of the way we categorize organisms?; are we the first species in history to be directing our own evolution?; what are the implications for

Discussing the Actions of Birds, Reptiles and Aquatic Species

A. Lizards often lie in the sun in the mourning. Why? B. Basking sharks swim close to the surface of the water and appear to be sunning themselves like lizards. In fact, however, they are feeding on plankton. Why might a land-dwelling creature like a lizard need to sun itself, while a water-dwelling creature like a shark does

Bill Adaptations and Food Source

What are some of the BILL ADAPTATIONS and LIKELY FOOD SOURCES you might associate with the following habitats. Why would you expect to find this bill type? 1) Wetlands and shore birds 2) Lakes and open waters 3) Grasslands or Raptors 4) Oak wood land and/or Coniferous Forest

Claw, Leg and Foot Features

What are some of the CLAW, LEG, and FOOT FEATURES you might associate with the following habitats. Explain why these features would be realistic in consideration of the environment, food sources, environmental challenges the birds might face. 1) Wetlands, shore birds 2) Lakes, open waters 3) Grasslands full of rodents

Taxonomic Category and Dichotomous Key

In the animal kingdom, you can place animals in categories based on certain differences in the characteristics that each possesses. If you know what critical traits to look for, it is possible to separate any animal into its proper taxonomic category. Use this dichotomous key to help determine the taxonomic category to which a s

Activation of a Mechanoreceptor

Describe the full "loop" from activation of a mechanoreceptor in the arm to the voluntary movement of the arm as a consequence (i.e. explain how somatosensory and motor information are conveyed within the nervous system). Please give a complete but succinct summary or explanation. Please explain. Thank you.

General Biology

How many vertebrae does a frog have? A. 9 B. 12 C. 15 D. 21 How many chambers does a frog's heart have? A. 3 B. 4 C. 5 D. 6 How long does the larval stage of an amphibian last? A. several weeks to 1 year B. 24 hours C. exactly 21 days D. 9 months How many toes are on the front feet of a frog? A. 2 B. 3 C

Animal Biology

1. How long can Hagfish go without eating? A. 1 month B. 3 months C. 5 months D. 7 months 2. How is Hagfish sex influenced by the seasons? A. They have sex in the spring only B. They change sexes with the seasons C. Seasons have no effect D. None of the above 3. Do Hagfish skeletons contain bone? A. Yes

General Biology

Mammals alone a. have hair and mammary glands b. have a four-chambered heart c. have the ability to regulate body temperature d. exhibit parental care of the young Genetic and immunological evidence show that the greatest differences occur between human populations native to ______ and all other human populations. a.

General Biology

The platypus and the spiny anteater are examples of which mammalian group? a. marsupials b. monotremes c. placentals d. hominids Almost all invertebrate chordates are a. predators b. parasites c. filter feeders d. scavengers Which of the following is not a characte

General Biology Questions

Birds descended form (#33) ____ that ran around on two legs some 160 million years ago. All birds have (#34) ______ that insulate and help get the bird aloft. Generally, birds have a greatly enlarged (#35) ____ to which flight muscles are attached. Bird bones contain (#36) ____ _____, and air flows through sacs, not into and o

General Biology Questions

Fill In the Blank: Use the below terms to complete the following paragraph. Four major features distinguish the embryos of chordates from those of all other animals: a hollow dorsal (#4) _______ _________, a(n) (#5) __________ with slits in its wall, a(n) (#6) _________, and a tail that extends past the anus at least during

Animal Biology Questions

There are three major classes of Cephalopods. Which of the following is a Cephalopod? a. Squid b. Conch c. Clam d. Snail Which type of Cnidarian body plan is less motile? a. larvae b. worm c. Polyp d. medusa What moves the Gastric Mill? A. wings B. tendons C. ligaments D. muscles What are th

General Biology

All of the following adaptations have contributed to the success of the insects EXCEPT a. specialized sensory organs b. wings c. small body size d. aquatic habitat A water-vascular system is characteristic of the a. arthropods b. annelids c. chordates d. echinoderms Which of the following is not a member of the ph

General Biology

The organs of excretion in flatworms are a. nephridia. b. contractile vacuoles. c. Malpighian tubules d. protonephridia. Animals that are hermaphroditic usually a. fertilize their own eggs. b. cross-fertilize. c. donate eggs to other individuals d. all of these A scolex is a. the anterior attachment organ of a t

General Biology

Matching. Choose the most appropriate answer for each. 1a. ___ placozoa 1b. ___ annelids 1c. ___ arthropods 1d. ___ chordates 1e. ___ cnidarians 1f. ___ echinoderms 1g. ___ flatworms 1h. ___ rotifers 1i. ___mollusks 1j. ___ roundworms 1k. ___ sponges A. Trichoplax B. Vertebrates C. Planarians, flukes, tapeworms

Biology Study Guide

Hi, I have created a study guide for my biology final exam coming up. Please choose which is the correct answer for each question. Thank you. 1. Natural selection is the process by which a) the age of selected fossils is calculated. b) organisms with traits well-suited to their environment survive and reproduce more. c)

NMDA receptors

Would you expect ALL mammalian neurons to have functional NMDA receptors? Please explain your answers. I am looking for any feedback you can provide. I am happy to receive any feedback you may offer on this topic. Thanks much!

Interpretation of intracellularly recording from pyramidal cells in a mouse

I am recording intracellularly from the neocortex of a mouse. If I place my electrode on one set of pyramidal neurons (Layer 2) and add fenfluramine (a serotonin uptake blocker), whithin 5 minutes the neurons produce GREATER amount of action potentials. But when I place fenfluramine while recording from another set of pyramida

Analyzing a sample of wild canary song

The main purpose of analyzing a sample of wild canary song is to become familiar with song dialect pattern of geographic variation, identify dialect boundaries objectively, and gather some evidence of whetheror not dialect memberslikely have intimate social interactions.i have already got and analyzed rolls of sonograms of songs

Hormone use in the cattle industry

The USDA has been following hormone use in the cattle industry since the 1950s. The hormone is given to the cattle in pouches inserted into the ear. The hormone enters the bloodstream of the animal very slowly, and according to the USDA the hormones never enter the human food chain. According to the USDA the use of growth