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Animal Behavior

(1) Choose one of the following terms (imprinting, habituation or latent learning) and tell how this type of learning could be adaptive for a wild organism.

(2) The two graphs [see attachment] show the results of testing 4 species of birds in a spatial task and a non-spatial task. Why are Clark's nutcrackers much better than the other birds at the spatial task.

See attached file for full problem description.


Solution Preview

Here are the definitions for all the terms.

imprinting = a form of learning in which a very young animal (usually only hours to days old) forms a strong attachment to the first object it is exposed to, which is usually a parent.

habituation = the lessening of an animal's reaction to a stimulus

latent learning = learning that is not obvious while it is occurring and remains latent (hidden) until a need ...

Solution Summary

The solution defines all three terms in the first question, and explains how one of them can be adaptive to a wild organism. For the second question, the solution explains the behavior of the Clark's nutcracker and how that relates to the graphs.