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Animal Behavior

(1) Choose one of the following terms (imprinting, habituation or latent learning) and tell how this type of learning could be adaptive for a wild organism.

(2) The two graphs [see attachment] show the results of testing 4 species of birds in a spatial task and a non-spatial task. Why are Clark's nutcrackers much better than the other birds at the spatial task.

See attached file for full problem description.

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Solution Preview

Here are the definitions for all the terms.

imprinting = a form of learning in which a very young animal (usually only hours to days old) forms a strong attachment to the first object it is exposed to, which is usually a parent.

habituation = the lessening of an animal's reaction to a stimulus

latent learning = learning that is not obvious while it is occurring and remains latent (hidden) until a need ...

Solution Summary

The solution defines all three terms in the first question, and explains how one of them can be adaptive to a wild organism. For the second question, the solution explains the behavior of the Clark's nutcracker and how that relates to the graphs.