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Animal Adaptation

Think about gazelles, zebras, antelopes, and other large hooved animals living in herds on the plans of Africa where there are a variety of species of large mammation predators like cheetahs, lions, leopards, hunting dogs, etc. Vizualize that you are a member of one of those prey species. Explain about the antipredator mechanisms you would use to avoid being caught and killed by these predators.

Now pretend you areone of the African predators above:

Long term food choice exists in a continuum between pure specialists on one end and complete generalists on the other end. Where does your diet fall on this continuum?Explain your answer.

Explain the feeding adaptations that you would use to capture and kill one of these large hooved mammals.

Solution Preview

Larged hooved animals have several physiological and behavioral adaptations to predation in open plain regions such as the African plains. Their large, hard hooves serve as weapons and allow for travel over rough terraine. Many ungulates also have large horns to be used in defense. Other species utilize warning systems, either visual (white tails lifted when predator is spotted) or auditory (grunts etc.). ...