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Psychopharmacological Substances

Psychopharmacology is the study of drug-induced changes in mood, thinking, sensation and behaviour. These medicines focus primarily on chemical interaction with the brain and neurotransmitter receptors. These particular interactions between drugs and receptors are referred to as a ‘drug action’ and the resulting changes are referred to as the ‘drug effect.’

Psychopharmacological substances treat psychological illnesses. In its earlier stages, they were primarily used for sedation and then in the 1950s, chlorpromazine was established to treat psychoses and lithium carbonate for mania. Quickly afterwards, cyclic antidepressants, MAOIs, benzodiazepines and other antipsychotics and antidepressants were developed and used.

The major types of psychopharmacological substances that are commonly prescribed include antidepressants, antipsychotics and benzodiazepines. Others that are not typically prescribed are alcohol, hallucinogens, hypnotics, marijuana, opiates and stimulants. Some of these drugs are sourced naturally and others are created through chemical synthesis in a laboratory.

Explore this section of BrainMass for more information of psychopharmacological substances!

An arrangement of psychoactive drugs

Image credit: Wikimedia Commons

Categories within Psychopharmacological Substances

Antidepressants

Postings: 12

Antidepressants are used mainly in the treatment of depression but can be used for other mood disorders.

Antipsychotics

Postings: 4

Antipsychotics are used mainly in the treatment of psychosis.

Benzodiazepines

Postings: 4

Benzodiazepines are for short-term treatment of a variety of mood disorders.

Borderline Personality Disorder, Depression & Treatment

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Neurotransmitters and its impact on depression

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Effect of Drug Use (VICODIN)

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MSG and the Brain

How specifically does MSG affect the brain? Was this substance knowingly used before or after it was found to affect the brain?

Prevailing Notion that Drugs Are In and of Themselves Addicting

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Drug Profile: Psychology and Physiology of Addiction

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Historical Themes of Drug Use

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Explain psychology and pysiology of addiction

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Thesis: While Adderall is used for ADHD patients that activate dopamine, prolonged use of adderall, even if it were mostly consisted with prescribed dosages, does not cause a similar (albeit relatively lessened) version of the sort of neurological damage present in meth users.

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ADHD factors, causes, treatment, therapy - out line notes

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Drugs and Behavior

Find article about Drugs and Behavior (I am talking about drugs like Heroin Marijuana Cocaine Alcohol Inhalants Ecstasy) how the topic relates to psychology: specifically, how it relates to or impacts behavior or mental processes. The way in which this psychological event either benefits people or impacts them negatively. Any

Pharmacology

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Medication to Avoid: Which medications would you definitely avoid?

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