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Recognizing and Managing Side Effects

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In a 7-10-page scholarly research paper:
•Determine the mental health disorder(s) in the following case study.
•Select and explain your pharmacotherapy approach.
•Describe how your treatment approach will alter brain chemistry and influence behavior.
•Determine the anticipated side effects of the pharmacotherapy.
•Describe how you will manage drug side effects.
•Describe how the use of over-the-counter and illicit drugs could affect treatment.
•Describe any ethical, legal, socio-cultural, and individual considerations.
The Case Study
Ms. A. is a 28-year-old married executive who comes to you (the psychology professional) complaining of "nervousness" and difficulty sleeping. She has been taking over-the-counter medication to help her sleep. Ms. A. is in good health and is well groomed, although she appears very fatigued. She reports that problems have developed over the past three months, following her husband's last business trip. She reports that she has been worrying constantly that her husband will "leave her." Ms. A.'s symptoms include: irritability, fatigue, an inner sense of restlessness, a 15-pound weight loss over the past 3 months, and loss of libido and sleep disturbance (restless sleep and early-morning awakening). Ms. A. shares that her interpersonal relationships are usually very intense and that she always feels "empty" even when she is in a relationship. Ms. A. also admits to using "street drugs" in her early 20's but denies using any illicit drugs for the last five (5) years.

Use the readings from Units 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 and at least five academic sources such as peer-reviewed journals, books, or articles from the Kaplan Library.
Your paper should synthesize the readings you have completed so far that apply to the topic and should reflect how this synthesis will help you apply what you are learning to your own work in the profession.
The Assignment should:
•Follow Assignment directions (review grading rubric for best results)
•Use correct APA formatting per the APA Publication Manual, 6th ed.
•Demonstrate college-level communication through the composition of original materials in Standard American English
•Be written in Standard American English and be clear, specific, and error-free. If needed, be sure to use the Kaplan University Writing Center for help
Your paper should include:
•Title Page
•Main Body of the paper (7-10 pages)
•Reference Page

Submitting your Assignment
Put your Assignment in a Word document. Save it in a location that you will remember and with your full name along with the class number. When you are ready to submit it, click on the Dropbox and complete the steps below:
•Click the link that says "Submit an Assignment"
•In the "Submit to Basket" menu, select Unit 9: Assignment.
•In the "Comments" field, include at least the title of your paper.
•Click the "Add Attachments" button.
•Follow the steps listed to attach your Word document.
•You should revisit the Dropbox to view any helpful feedback your instructor has left for you.
•Make sure that you save a copy of your submitted Assignment.

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Solution Preview

The mental health disorder suggested for Mrs. A is "Generalized anxiety Disorder or (GAD)" GAD is characterized with features in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM-5, 2013) as excessive anxiety and worry apprehensive expectations, occurring more days than not, for at least 6 months during performances" such as work and/or school (i.e., the person finds it difficult to control worry).
The anxiety and worry are accompanied by at least three of the following additional symptoms: (1) restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge, (2) easily fatigued, (3) difficulty concentrating or mind going blank, (4) irritability, muscle tension, and (5) disturbed sleep, although. . Adults with generalized
Given the case study, Mrs. A meets this criteria with the following symptoms: "nervousness", "difficulty sleeping"", and "she appears very fatigued
Individuals with GAD may shift from one worry to another. Research suggests that GAD is highly prevalent among primary care patients (Culpepper, 2002). Culpepper asserts that GAD patients are difficult to recognize, and clinical outcomes are often question concerning this disorder.
•Select and explain your pharmacotherapy approach.
In selecting a pharmacotherapy approach for this case study, recent evidence is presented on the efficacy of Serotonin reuptake (SSRI) or Serotonin norepinephrine (SNRI) inhibitors for the use of pharmacological management in treating disorders such as GAD. According to Baldwin & Gardner (20l0), pharmacology treatment for people with GAD using SSRIs and SNRIs have been tested and found to be evidence-based, The treatment is acknowledged with tolerable and low risks. Thus, patients are reported as responding well to the treatment, and do not develop a dependency of the drug.
As an example, compared with other antidepressants, Desvenlafaxine is stated to have more predictable effects and a lower risk of drug ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses symptoms of depression in persons with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Pharmacology treatment discussed.