Methadone is used to prevent withdrawal reactions and reduces the craving for heroin; it allows addicts to function normally in social and vocational activities although they are dependent on methadone. Buprenophrine is approved for the treatment of opioid addiction and it also reduces cravings.
In opioid maintenance therapy, a person addicted to heroin receives methadone instead of heroin. The methadone does not give the addict the "high" that the heroin would but they are both opioids. The dose of methadone may then be decreased over time so that the person can overcome his/her addiction without experiencing withdrawal symptoms, or after a person has received methadone for a period of time, he or she may choose to go through detoxification. The initial dosage of methadone is 40 milligrams daily administered in single or divided doses. After achieving initial dosing of about 40 milligrams daily the dose should then be increased since there is evidence that the relapse rate is significantly lower in patients on ...
The use of the listed drugs (see above) is discussed in relation to the treatment of addiction.
Article Review: Drug Addiction & Criminality Treatment Model
When it comes to treating drug offenders, forensic psychology professionals must have a solid understanding of desired outcomes in order to select a suitable treatment approach. Drug abuse often results in uncharacteristic behavior and may actually generate complications related to the mental health treatment and physical well-being of the offender. Treatment outcomes are not "one size fits all," and desirable outcomes differ for each offender. For some offenders, a successful outcome is never to use substances again, and the relapse treatment outcome model would best describe the desired outcome, lifelong abstinence. For other offenders, success is defined as the offender doing less damage to relationships and to society through controlled use of substances, and therefore the harm-reduction model fits best. Finally, success with the recidivism model simply means that the drug offender does not return to the criminal justice system. Each desired treatment outcome is specific to the individual offender in terms of how success is defined. This definition impacts the choice of treatment approach and guides aftercare planning as well.
"Treatment Outcome Models,"
a synopsis of the research article you selected. Include the type of drug abused and the treatment approach used. Then explain which treatment outcome model you would use to measure the success of the treatment approach and why. Be specific.