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Effect of Drug Use (VICODIN)

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Please help answer the question below about the drug "VICODIN"

Discuss the implications of one-time, casual, or long-term use on the physiology of the brain, and on behavior, mood, and cognition.

As usual, I appreciate your insightful information!!!

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Vicodin is a combination of acetaminophen (aka Tylenol), and hydrocodone (an Opiod), and is used for moderate to moderately severe pain (1). Vicodin has the potential for dependence and can cause severe side effects such as nausea, vomiting, constipation, light-headedness, dizziness, and drowsiness. Acetaminophen has the potential to cause serious liver disease when taken in excess. Adults should not take more than 4000 milligrams (4 grams) of acetaminophen per day. Alcohol consumption may increase the risk of liver damage (2).

Vicodin gives a feeling of euphoria; however, after a person becomes addicted, they build up a tolerance and the body requires more of the drug to get the same euphoria as it needed previously. The effects of addiction to Vicodin are so severe that the body will gradually stop fighting off the effects and will lead to weakening of the immune system and the detox system. Over a period of long term use, users report having hallucinations, vision problems, and constant confusion, as well as heart ...

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The solution discusses the effect of drug use (VICODIN).

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Pain Managment

A 45-year-old Portuguese female, Mrs. M, with a 3-year history of squamous cell cancer of the cervix presents with severe pain in the perineum. The patient lives at home with 6 children ranging in age from 5 to 18. She speaks little English.

Question 1: Background: The patient describes her pain as an 8 on the 0-10 scale, occurring constantly in the perineum, but is worsened when she voids. She is currently taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen, 2 tablets every 4 hours (12 tablets - 60 mg hydrocodone ≈ 60 mg morphine). She frequently awakens and takes the medications during the night. She states (with help of the translator) that the medicines relieve the pain by approximately 25%.

What additional information do you need for a complete pain assessment?
Identify at least two problems with the current pain regimen

Question 2: Examination of the perineum reveals inflamed excoriated tissue from the labia to the rectum; the patient appears to have excoriation from urine and a possible rectovaginal fistula.

What interventions or strategies would you consider using to address this problem and to enhance the patient's comfort?

Question 3: Later, the excoriation is cleared, and the pain is under control with 10 mg of morphine q 4 hours (or 6 doses/day). She uses approximately 3 additional doses of 10 mg of morphine for breakthrough pain per day. Thus, she is using approximately 9 doses/24 hours. Unfortunately she awakens at night in pain.

What might be the best analgesic regimen for this patient? She describes no adverse effects to the medications.

Question 4: The patient is being prepared for discharge to home hospice when she expresses some concern regarding her children care and particularly her 18 year old son, who has a history of substance abuse. She is afraid he might use her medications.

Assuming you are the person she confided in, describe briefly both what you would do, and what you would look to other team members or services for.

Question 5. How are the pain management issues in this case similar or different from those you encounter in your area of practice (i.e. related to direct patient care and/or system level issues?) Briefly add some new information or 'lesson learned' about pain management in your posting.

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