The specific heat capacity of benzene is 1.74J/g*K. What is its molar heat capacity (Jmol*K)? What quanity of heat is required to raise the temperature of 50.00mL of water from 25.52 to 28.75C? The density of water at this temperature is 0.997 g/mL. When 108g of water at a temperature of 22.5C is mixed with 65.1g of wat
23) ....CrOsub2^- + ... OH^-...CrOsub4^2- + ...Hsub2O+ e^- When the equation for the half reaction above is balanced what is the ratio of the coefficient's OH^-: CrOsub2^-? a) 1:1 b) 2:1 c) 3:1 d) 4:1 e) 5:1 24) CuO(s) + Hsub2(g) <--- / ---> Cu(s) + Hsub2O(g) triangle H = -2.0kJ The Substances in
Nitrogen and Hydrogen gases react to form Ammonia. A closed, rigid cylinder contains a total of 0.750 mol of gas at 25 degrees C and 1.10 atm before the reaction takes place; the mole ratio of hydrogen to nitrogen in the cylinder is 3:2. Determine the temperature and pressure of the gas in the cylinder at the end of the reaction
Please help with the following problems. A) Define entropy. Why is entropy considered an absolute quantity? B) For each of the pairs of substances below, choose the one expected to have the greater absolute entropy. Explain your answer. Assume 1 mol of each substance. i) Cu(s) or C(graphite) at the same temperatu
Use thermodynamic data to calculate the standard enthalpy of decomposition of liquid hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen gas: H2O2(l)-->H2O(g) + 1/2 O2(g). Calculate the energy released by the decomposition of 1.0 g of 90% hydrogen peroxide solution. Molar mass of hydrogen peroxide = 34.0 g/mol. Estimate the final temperat
Estimate the temperature inside a cylinder of an internal combustion engine just after the spark has ignited the fuel. You are provided with the following list of assumptions. Assume the cylinder has a volume of 10 liters. Assume that the oxidant is air containing 20% oxygen. Assume that the fuel is octane (C9H18, molar mass = 1
When an explosive is detonated inside a shell or cartridge case, the explosion effectively takes places in a closed or fixed volume container. (The chemical decomposition is fast compared to the rate at which the projectile can gain velocity.) You can make an estimate of the explosion temperature if you assume a constant volume,
Calcium metal burns according to the following equation: Ca(s) + 1/2 O2(g) --> CaO (s). When 1.00 g of calcium metal is burned in a constant pressure calorimeter with a heat capacity of 15.20 kJ/K, the temperature increases by 1.04 degrees Celcius. Calculate the enthalpy of formation of calcium oxide. Compare this answer with -
4. The term proof is defined as twice the percent of volume of pure ethanol in solution. Thus a solution that is 95% ethanol by volume is 190 proof. What is the molarity of ethanol in a 92 proof ethanol water solution? (density of ethanol is .8g/cm3; mol. wt. of ethanol is 46). 6. Find the mass percent of CuSO4 in a solut
1) The Zinc in a 1.200g sample of foot powder was precipitated as ZnNH4PO4. The strong heating of the precipitate yielded 0.4089g of Zn2P2O7. Calculate the mass percent of zinc in the sample of foot powder. 2. A mixture contains only sodium chloride and potassium chloride. A 0.1586g sample mixture was dissolved in water. It t
You may wish to review the Laws of Thermochemistry and Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions before you begin. A table of single bond energies should be used as a help (available in most general chemistry text books). Estimate the change in enthalpy, DH, for the following reaction: H2(g) + Cl2(g) --> 2 HCl(g)
Could you take a look at some problems that I have answered to see if I'm in the right direction. (a) Using this plot, estimate the enthalpy and entropy of binding for each protein to DNA. (b) What is the free energy change for the binding of WT1 and EGR1 to DNA at 25oC? (a) For each of the proteins: is the binding to
Isooctane, C8H18, is the component of gasoline from which the term octane derives. A) Write a balanced equation for the combustion of one mole of isooctane to yield CO2(g) and H2O(l). B) What is the volume (in liters) of CO2 at STP? C )The standard molar heat of combustion (delta Hrxn for the reaction is -5,456.6 kJ/mol. Calc
A reaction occurs with the following stoichiometry A + P -> AP The concentration of A was measured versus time after mixing, the data are the following: [A](nM) Time (s) 50 0 40 100 30 229 20 411 10
The reaction of a hyrogrn halide A with an olefin B to give product P according to the stoichiometric relationship: A + B -> P is proposed to occur by the following mechanism: 2A <-> A2 (fast to equilibrium) A + B <-> C (fast to equilibrium) A2 + C -> P + 2A (slow) (a) Based on this mechan
If "change in" G > 0, then a. K=0 b. K>0 c. K<0 d. K>1 e. K<1
The change in G and the change in H are equal: a. At O degrees Cesius b. At O degrees K c. When concentrations equal 1M and partal pressure equal 1 atm d. When all reactants and products are in the same phase e. When the reaction is exothermic
Understanding "equation of state" (ie. PV=nRT) for an ideal gas, and using equation of state to predict changes in pressure, volume, and temperature.
In an industrial process, nitrogen has to be heated to 500 K in a vessel of constant volume. If it enters the vessel at a pressure of 100 atm and a temperature of 300 K, what pressure does it exert at the working temperature?
Working with heats of formation to calculate the amount of grams required to release a specific amount of heat.
Glucose reacts with oxygen to form carbon dioxide and water: If the heat of formation of glucose, carbon dioxide, and water are -1273.3 kJ mol-1, -393.5 kJ mol-1 and -285.8kJ mol-1. How many grams of glucose must react in order to release (1.00)(10^3)kJ of heat?
The reaction of 4.49 g of carbon and 9.21 g of oxygen, produced carbon dioxide, and 113.2 kJ of heat. What is the enthalpy of formation of carbon dioxide?
Delta G sub f for Al203 = -1582 kJ/mol delta H sub f for Al203 = -1676 kJ/mol 1. Calculate absolue entropy for S for oxygen (g) if: S for Al(s) = 164 J/mol K S for Al2O3 (s) = 51.0 J/mol K 2. Calculate the heat required to raise the temperature of 35.0 g of aluminum from 800 degrees C to 2600 degrees C 3. To c
Chemistry review problems, please see the attachment. PART QUESTION 1: A) i) Sketch the galvanic cell based on the following two half-reactions. Indicate (i) the balanced cell reaction, (ii) Eo for the cell, (iii) which electrode is the anode and which the cathode, (iv) the direction of electron flow. Au3+ (aq) + 3e-
I'm having problems understanding the ideas in the topic of thermal chemistry and would appreciate any sort of overview of the main concepts you could provide.
If you boil water are you increasing delta H (heat), delta E (energy), or delta S (entropy)?
Liquid methanol has a heat capacity of 81.6 J/(K mol). How much heat is required to raise the temperature of 20.0 g of liquid methanol from 25 C to 40.0 C?
Considering the Reaction: 2H2O(l) => 2H2(g) + O2 (g) This reaction has dispersal of matter since a liquid produces two gases, yet the reaction is not spontaneous. Why is this so?
Understanding how the equilibrium constant (Keq) relates to enthalpy change. Introductory thermodynamics. Attachment in Word.
Which reaction is more exothermic? A reaction with Keq=500 or a reaction with Keq=0.002?
Understanding Gibbs Free Energy change. Identifying reactions that are thermodynamically spontaneous.
The attached problem file shows the standard Gibbs Free Energy Change for two reactions. Considering these values, which reaction is more favoured or spontaneous? A reaction with a delta Go = 16 kcal mole-1? Or a reaction with a delta Go = -16 kcal mole-1?
Determining the initial mole and mass fractions of oxygen and nitrogen in a mixture using Dalton's law of partial pressure. Solution in MS Word.
A reaction vessel contained 5 liters of a mixture of N2 and O2 gases at 25oC and 2 atm pressure. The oxygen in the mixture was completely removed by causing it to oxidize with an excess of electrically heated zinc wire contained in the vessel to non-volatile solid ZnO. The pressure of N2 that remained (measured again at 25oC) wa