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Acids and Bases

Acid-Base Equilibrium

A solution is prepared by mixing 46.8 mL of 0.16 M Pb(NO3)2 with 75.3 mL of 1.4 M KCl. Calculate the concentrations of Pb2+ and Cl- at equilibrium. Ksp for PbCl2(s) is 1.6 10-5.

Ion concentration and pH of solution

At 25 degrees C, 0.212 g of barium hydroxide is dissolved completely in sufficient water to make 0.25 liter of final solution. What is the hydrogen ion concentration (in mol/liter) in this solution? What is the pH of this solution (to the nearest integer)

Arranging half-cell reactions in order

Arrange the following five reduction half-cell reactions in order listing the largest positive reduction potential first and give the best oxidizing and reducing agents. Observations: i) A reacts spontaneously with 1 mol/L BNO3, 1 mol/L D(NO3) and dilute sulfuric acid. A does not react 1 mol/L C (NO3) ii) B does not re

pH of a Buffer Solution and After Dilation

When microorganisms reproduce they release waste products that may change the pH and prevent further reproduction. Therefore culture mediums for growing microorganisms are usually buffered. The median for the culture of lactobacilli includes a buffer prepared by dissolving 25 grams K2HPO4 and 25 grams KH2PO4 in water and dilut

Dry Hydrogen Selenide

a) Write a balanced equation for the reaction of aluminium selenide with water to Hydrogen selenide and solid aluminium hydroxide (including physical states) showing the sequence of partially balanced equations needed, including a brief description of the strategy used. b) The density of hydrogen selenide at STP is 3.61 g lit

Percent disagreement and avogrado's number

How do you calculate the percent disagreement using a calculator for 1.01x10^19 (Avogrado's number of oleic acid molecules /mol (theoretical result being Avogrado's number)? Please be specific because I am not quite sure how to do this on the calculator.

Word problem using equations

When hydrochloric acid (hydrogen chloride) is released in the air, the oxygen reacts with it to produce chlorine gas and water. if you use 20.0L oxygen, how much hydrogen chloride(in g)could you react with to use the oxygen? a. 32.6g b. 8.15g c. 4088g d. 130g

PH and precipitation

A 0.10 M Mn 2+ solution is saturated with H2S. At what pH will MnS begin to precipitate? [H2S] sat'd=0.10M

Equilibrium and PH

A phosphate buffer consisting of H2PO4(-1) and HPO4(-2) helps control the PH of physiological fluids. Many carbonated soft drinks also use this buffer system. What is the PH of a soft drink in which the major buffer is 0.153 M NaH2PO4 and .158 M Na2HPO4?

AP Problem

Methylamine, CH3NH2, is a weak base that reacts according to the equation CH2NH2 + H2O <--> CH3NH3^1+ + OH^1-. The value of the ionization constant, Kb, is 5,25 x 10^-4. Methylamine forms salts such as methylammonium nitrate, (CH3NH3^1+)(NO3^1-). (b) Calculate the pH of a solution maded by adding 0.0100 mole of a solid methyl

Molarity of a solution - NaOH

A 0.345 gram sample of oxalic acid dihydrate crystals (H_2 C_2 0_4 - 2 H_2 0) is dissolved in water and titrated with 24.5 mL of a sodium hydroxide solution. What is the molarity of the NaOH?

A study of pH - lab related

1. 10.00 mL of 0.1000 M NH3 was diluted with distilled water to 40.00 mL. Calculate the pH of the dilute solution. (Kb NH3 = 1.8*10^-5) 2. The dilute solution was titrated with 0.0500 M HCl. Write the equation for the reaction between ammonia and hydrochloric acid. Calculate the pH of the solution after adding 4.00 mL

Cell Potential

Calculate the standard cell potential for each of the following electrochemical reactions: a) the reduction of Sn(IV) to Sn(II) by Zn(s) b) the oxidation of Sn(II) to Sn(IV) by dichromate ion in acid solution c) the reduction of NO3- (negative sign there is superscript) to NO by cobalt metal

Solving for pH

I have .20M of a solution NaCN. Ka for HCN = 4.0 x10 10. How do I solve for pH?

Solving for Kw

I have the following data: Kw = 5.47x10 -14th temperature = 50 degrees celcius [H3O+] = x pH = x How do I find the value for [H3O+] and how do I find the value for pH?

Molar and Concentration

If 4.oo mL of 0.0250 M CuSO4 is diluted to 10.0 mL with pure water, what is the molar concentration of copper (II) sulfate in the dilute solution? ______________________________ molar A 10.0-mL sample of 2.56 M HCL is diluted with water to 250. mL. What is the concentration of HCl in the diluted solution? Concentr

If more concentrated NaOH is used during standardization would the pKa change?

Benzoic acid is an organic acid with a Ka of 6.5x10^-5. It can also be used as a primary standard like KHP. If benzoic acid were used to standardize NaOH, determine if if the equivalence point is acid, basic, or neutral based on the following criteria?: pKa < 0 is strong acid 1<pKa< 10 weak acid pKa > 10 very weak I

Aqeous solution, oxidizing agent

37) Which the following aqueous solutions has the highest boiling point? a) 0.10 M potassium sulfate b) 0.10 M HCl acid c) 0.10 M ammonium nitrate d) 0.10 M magnesium sulfate e) 0.20 M sucrose 38) When 70 ml of 3.0 M Nasub2COsub3 is added to 30 ml of 0.1 M NaHCOsub3, the resulting concentration of Na+ is? 39) Which of

Which if any of the following species...

35) which if any of the following species are in the greatest c in a 0.100 molar solution Hsub2SOsub4 in water? a) Hsub2SOsub4 molecules b) Hsub3O^+ ions c) HSOsub4^- ions d) SOsub4^2- ions e) all species are in equillibrium and thus the same concentration. 36) at 20 degrees C the vapor pressure of toluene is 22mm Hg

Standard Heat of Formation - Acid/Base

CHsub4(g) + 2Osub2(g) --> COsub2(g) + 2Hsub2O(l) triangleHsub f^degree symbol Hsub2O(l) =-285.8kJ/mole triangleHsub f^degree symbol COHsub2(g) =-393.3kJ/mole 1) What is the standard heat of formation, triangleHsubf^degree symbol, of methane, CHsub4(g) as calculated from the data above? 2) each of the following can act as


Questions 17 - 18: Hsub3AsOsub4 + 3I^- + 2Hsub3O^+ -> Hsub3AsOsub3 + Isub3^- + 3Hsub2O The oxidation of iodide ions by arsenic acid in acidic aqueous solution occured accoring to the balanced equation above. The experimental rate law for the reaction at 25 degree C is: 17) What is the order of the reaction with respect t


Questions 4 - 6: a) Hydrofluoric acid b) Corbon dioxide c) Aluminum hydroxide d) Ammonia e) hydrogen peroxide 4) Is a good oxidizing agent. Ans A, B, C, D or E 5) Is used extensively for the production of fertilizers. Ans A, B, C, D or E 6) Has atmospheric properties. Ans A, B, C, D or E

Calculating Percent Ionization

Question: A 0.600m aqueous solution of a weak acid HX has a freezing point of -1.28 degrees C. Calculate the % ionization of HX. - Kf H2O= 1.86 - m = molality

Acid, Bases, Equilibria Questions

1) The solvent cation in liquid ethanol, CH3CH2OH, is a) CH3CH2O- b) H+ c) CH3CH2OH+ d) CH3CH2OH2+ e) CH3CH2OH- Answer _________ 2) Fill in the blanks. a) the normality of 0.20M solution of H2SO4 ________________________ b) The following reaction is best classified as an Arrhenius, Br