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# Acids and Bases

### What is the limiting reagent? Questions about chemical reactions

Please show how to solve the following questions: 2Al (s) + 2KOH (aq) + 4 H2SO4 (aq) + 22 H2O (l) --> 2KAl (SO4)2*12H2O (s) + 3H2 (g) 12.0 g of Al, 420 mL 2.0M KOH, 216 mL H2SO4 placed in 300 mL ice bath (water in excess) 1) What is the limiting reagent? 2) How much aluminum is necessary to produce 18g of alum? 3)

### Balancing a Chemical Equation for Acid Reactions

Write a balanced chemical equation, include states of matter: 5 drops 0.1M MgSO4 to 5 drops of 0.1M BaCl2 Write a balanced chemical equation, include states of matter: 2 mL saturated Na2CO3 solution to 5 drops of 6M HCl

### Balanced equations for different reactions

1) Write a balanced chemical equation, include states of matter: 5 drops of 0.1 M NaCl solution to 5 drops 0.1 M AgNO3 solution 2) Write a balanced chemical equation: About 10 drops of 6M NH3 to the AgCl formed in (1) (which dissolves the AgCl) 3) Write a balanced chemical equation: About 10 drops of 3M HNO3 to the p

### Reaction between aluminum hydroxide and sulfuric acid

Solid aluminum hydroxide Al(OH)3 (s) reacts with aqueous sulfuric acid H2SO4 (aq) to produce aluminum sulfate Al2(SO4)3 (aq) and water. We combine 30.0g of Al(OH)3 (s) and 75.0 ml of 2.00 M H2SO4 (aq), and the reaction goes to completion. Subsequent analysis reveals that 12.3 g of Al2(SO4)3 was formed. What is the percent yield

### Citric Acid and Fertilizer

Problem 1: Citric acid is concentrated in citrus fruits and plays a central metabolic role in nearly every animal and plant cell. How many moles of citric acid are in 1.90 qts of lemon juice *d=1.09 g/ml* that is 6.62% citric acid by mass? Problem 2: Nitrogen *N*, phosphorus *P*and potassium *K* are the main nutrients

### Gas Laws and Stochiometry

1. How many significant figures does the sum of the following contain? 8.520 + 2.7? 2. How many moles of oxygen atoms are there in 10 moles of KCIO3? 3. The oxidation number of N in NaNo3 is? 4. What element is oxidized in the following chemical reaction? 3Cu + 8HNO3 ----> Cu(NO3) + 2NO + 4H2O 5. At what temp. will

### Define an acid and a base in terms of the hydrogen ion.

Define an acid and a base in terms of the hydrogen ion.

### pH of an Aqueous Solution That Contains NH3 and (NH4)2SO4

What is the pH of an aqueous solution that contains 0.15M NH3 and 0.05M (NH4)2SO4? The Kb for NH3 is 1.8 x 10-5.

### pH of a Solution Given its Composition

Acetic acid (CH3COOH) is a weak acid with the following ionization reaction: CH3COOH + H2O Û H3O+ + CH3COO- Ka = 1.8 x 10-5 What is the pH of a solution that is 0.5M in acetic acid and 2.5M in sodium acetate, CH3COONa?

### pH Level of Nitric Acid

What is the pH of a 10.0 M solution of nitric acid (HNO3)? a. 10 b. 1.0 c. 0 d. -1.0

### Volume of Sulfuric Acid

What volume of 16 M sulfuric acid must be used to prepare 1.5 L of a 0.1 M sulfuric acid? a. 9.4 mL solution b. 9.4 L solution c. 16 mL solution d. 16 L solution

### Benzoic acid with hydroxide ion - extraction with sodium hydroxide

Show an equation for the reaction of benzoic acid with hydroxide ion? If you were performing an experiment with a Grignard reagent phenylmagnesium bromide with dry ice (carbon dioxide) in ether to create benzoic acid, why would it be necessary to extract the ether layer with sodium hydroxide?

### Solving for the products of reactions

(See attached file for full problem description) --- 1. Fe²+ and Sb³- 2. Mg²+ and As³- 3. Al³+ and O²- 4. Co³+ and I- 5. Sr² + and P³- 6. Ca²+ and C4+ 7. Fe³+ and As³- 8. Na + and S² &#713; Write the name or formula for these compounds: 1. tin (II) acetate 2. bromous acid 3. copper(II) permanganate

### Chemistry Ka and Kb problems

1. Butyric acid is responsible for the odor in rancid butter. It has one weakly acidic proton. A solution of .25 M butyric acid has a pH of 2.71. Determine the Ka of the acid. 2. Ka for HCN is 4.0 x 10^10. Calculate Kb for CN. 3. For the equilibrium, CH3OH (g) <-- --> CO (g) + 2 H2, Kc is 6.9 x 10-2. At equilibriu

### Mechanisms for three reactions

Sn + 2I2 ---> SnI4 (Ac2O,AcOH,reflux on arrow) SnI4 + 2PPh3 ---->(PPh3)2SnI4 (CHCl3 on arrow) SnI4 + (Me2SO)2 ----> SnI4(Me2SO)2 (CH2Cl2 on arrow) Give mechanisms for these reactions if there is any.

### Solubility Problems with Ksp

Q#1 (Common ion problem) What is the solubility,in mg/mL of BaF2 in a)Pure Water b)in a solution containing 5.0mg/mL of KF Ksp of BaF2=1.0*10^-6 Q#2 Effect of pH on solubility a)Calculate the solubility of a saturated solution og Mg(OH)2 on pure water.(My answer is 1.65096*10^-4M b)Calculate the solubility of the sa

### Applications of Aqueous Equilibria

50.00 mL of a 1.00 M solution of the diprotic acid H2A (Ka1= 1.0 * 10^-6 and Ka2 = 1.0 * 10^-10) is being titrated with 2.00 M NaOH . How many mL of 2.00 M NaOH must be added to reach a pH of 10?

### Hess' Law of Additive Equations for Reactions

Using Hess' Law of additive equations, rearrange and/or multiply the following reactions in order to find the enthalpy for the radical reaction between hydrochloric acid and isopropyl alcohol (CH3CHOHCH3) to form water and isopropyl chloride. The dots you see indicate a radical, which is much different than an ion or an element

### Solubility and Titration

(See attached file for full problem description) --- 1. Tooth enamel consists of hydroxyapatite, Ca5(PO4)3OH (Ksp = 6.8x10-37). Fluoride ion added to drinking water reacts with Ca5(PO4)3OH to form the more tooth decay-resistant fluorapatite, Ca5(PO4)3F (Ksp =1.0x10-60). Fluoridated water has dramatically decreased cavities

### Lab experiment titrating hydrochloric and acetic acids with NaOH

I would like to see the details of the calculations. For my lab experiment I have the following data: Titration 1: 25.00mL of unknown concentration HCl 2 drops of phenolpthalein to show end-point 1.0M NaOH What is the molarity of the HCl? What is the Ka of the HCl? What is the equivalence point? What is the half-equival

### pH Effect on Solubility & Expressions

3. Why does pH affect the solubility of CaF2 but not CaCl2? 4. Write the correct expression for Ksp for Al(OH) 3. (See attached file for full formatting)

### pH After Titrations - Ionic Equilibria

1. Calculate the pH after 25.0 mL of .20 M HF (Ka=6.8 10-4) are titrated with 15.0 mL of .10 M NaOH? 2. Calculate the pH after 25.0 mL of 2.0 M HF is titrated with 50.0 mL of 1.0 M NaOH?

### Titration Calculations

Note: You may assume that the densities of all solutions are 1.00 g/mL unless stated otherwise 1. A 10.00-mL sample of a solution containing the weak acid, formic acid, was placed in a 25-mL volumetric flask and diluted to the mark with water. A 10.00-mL sample of the diluted formic acid solution was then titrated with 0.13

### Using Titration Techniques

1. If a strong acid and weak acid have the same concentration of acid, explain why they will have a different pH. 2. Explain why it is important to prime the pipette. 3. When using the titration technique explain why the beakers that contain the acid solutions must be dry before the acid is added, but the volumetric flask

### Calculate the pH of a weak acid (acetic acid)

Given the Ka value of acetic acid is 1.8e-5, find the pH of a 0.25M acetic acid solution. Also find its Kb value.

### Determining pH of weak acid

(See attached file for full problem description) 3. Calculate the pH of 0.25 M HOAc. 4. Calculate Kb for OAc- .

### Solubility Characteristics of Carboxylic Acids

1) If you took a pea-sized amount of salicylic acid and added 2 mL of demineralized water, what would the solubility of salicylic acid in the water be? 2) If you then added 5 drops of 6 M NaOH to the mixture, what would the solubility of salicylic acid in a base be? 3) I know the result of this is sodium salicylate, whi

### Calculating the pH of a buffer

A buffer is prepared by mixing 0.088L of 0.032 M soduim bicarbonate and 0.0150 L of 0.011 NaOH. What is the ph?

### Molecular Structures/Preparation of Ethyl acetate

Please see the attached file to view the problem.

### Weak Base Reaction Calculations

Can someone please walk me through how to do the following problem: If a solution is made by mixing 20.0 ml 0.4 M NaCH3COO with 30 ml 0.4 M CH3COOH, calculate the pH. For acetic acid, ka = 1.76 x 10^-5.