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Acids and Bases

Chemistry Ka and Kb problems

1. Butyric acid is responsible for the odor in rancid butter. It has one weakly acidic proton. A solution of .25 M butyric acid has a pH of 2.71. Determine the Ka of the acid. 2. Ka for HCN is 4.0 x 10^10. Calculate Kb for CN. 3. For the equilibrium, CH3OH (g) <-- --> CO (g) + 2 H2, Kc is 6.9 x 10-2. At equilibriu

Solubility Problems with Ksp

Q#1 (Common ion problem) What is the solubility,in mg/mL of BaF2 in a)Pure Water b)in a solution containing 5.0mg/mL of KF Ksp of BaF2=1.0*10^-6 Q#2 Effect of pH on solubility a)Calculate the solubility of a saturated solution og Mg(OH)2 on pure water.(My answer is 1.65096*10^-4M b)Calculate the solubility of the sa

Applications of Aqueous Equilibria

50.00 mL of a 1.00 M solution of the diprotic acid H2A (Ka1= 1.0 * 10^-6 and Ka2 = 1.0 * 10^-10) is being titrated with 2.00 M NaOH . How many mL of 2.00 M NaOH must be added to reach a pH of 10?

Additive Eq

Using Hess' Law of additive equations, rearrange and/or multiply the following reactions in order to find the enthalpy for the radical reaction between hydrochloric acid and isopropyl alcohol (CH3CHOHCH3) to form water and isopropyl chloride. The dots you see indicate a radical, which is much different than an ion or an element

Solubility and Titration

(See attached file for full problem description) --- 1. Tooth enamel consists of hydroxyapatite, Ca5(PO4)3OH (Ksp = 6.8x10-37). Fluoride ion added to drinking water reacts with Ca5(PO4)3OH to form the more tooth decay-resistant fluorapatite, Ca5(PO4)3F (Ksp =1.0x10-60). Fluoridated water has dramatically decreased cavities

Lab experiment titrating hydrochloric and acetic acids with NaOH

I would like to see the details of the calculations. For my lab experiment I have the following data: Titration 1: 25.00mL of unknown concentration HCl 2 drops of phenolpthalein to show end-point 1.0M NaOH What is the molarity of the HCl? What is the Ka of the HCl? What is the equivalence point? What is the half-equival

pH Effect on Solubility & Expressions

3. Why does pH affect the solubility of CaF2 but not CaCl2? 4. Write the correct expression for Ksp for Al(OH) 3. (See attached file for full formatting)

pH After Titrations - Ionic Equilibria

1. Calculate the pH after 25.0 mL of .20 M HF (Ka=6.8 10-4) are titrated with 15.0 mL of .10 M NaOH? 2. Calculate the pH after 25.0 mL of 2.0 M HF is titrated with 50.0 mL of 1.0 M NaOH?

Titration Calculations

Note: You may assume that the densities of all solutions are 1.00 g/mL unless stated otherwise 1. A 10.00-mL sample of a solution containing the weak acid, formic acid, was placed in a 25-mL volumetric flask and diluted to the mark with water. A 10.00-mL sample of the diluted formic acid solution was then titrated with 0.13

Using Titration Techniques

1. If a strong acid and weak acid have the same concentration of acid, explain why they will have a different pH. 2. Explain why it is important to prime the pipette. 3. When using the titration technique explain why the beakers that contain the acid solutions must be dry before the acid is added, but the volumetric flask

Chemistry

(See attached file for full problem description) 3. Calculate the pH of 0.25 M HOAc. 4. Calculate Kb for OAc- .

Solubility Characteristics of Carboxylic Acids

1) If you took a pea-sized amount of salicylic acid and added 2 mL of demineralized water, what would the solubility of salicylic acid in the water be? 2) If you then added 5 drops of 6 M NaOH to the mixture, what would the solubility of salicylic acid in a base be? 3) I know the result of this is sodium salicylate, whi

Calculating pH Levels

Can someone please explain to me the following question? "Calculate the pH of a 1.0 M CH3COOH solution." My answer: pH = -log[H+] = -log[1.0] = 0 But how can that be right? Since CH3COOH is a weak acid, how can it have a pH of zero? Did I do something wrong?

Mol/Mol Calculation: Detailed Solution

How many milliliters of 3.00 M hydrochloric acid would be needed to react completely with a milk of magnesia tablet that contains 310 mg of Mg(OH)2? The neutralization reaction produces magnesium chloride, MgCl2, and water.

Percent yield

For the reaction SO3 + H2O yields H2SO4, calculate the percent yield if 500.g of sulfur trioxide react with excess water to produce 575 g of sulfuric acid? 82.7%, 88.3%, 91.2%, 93.9%

Titration: Sulfuric Acid

You are going to titrate sulfurous acid, H2SO3 (Ka1 = 1.7x 10minus 2 and Ka2 = 6.4 x 10 minus 8) with a 0.2000 M NaOH solution. If you start with 100 ml of 0.1275 M sulfurous acid, what is the initial pH? What is the pH of the solution at the first equivalence point? What is the pH at the second equivalence point? What is th

Precipitate

4. Aluminum hydroxide, Al(OH)3, is a gelatinous, insoluble material (Ksp = 1.3 X 10 negative 33rd). If you add 1.65 x 10 negative 6th mol of AlCl3 to ten ml of water that has a pH of 9.5, will an aluminum hydroxide precipitate form? If one does form, approximately how many grams will form? Molar mass of Al(OH)3 = 78.00 g/mol.

Finding pH

What is the pH of a solution made from 400.0 mL of 0.0250 M HCl and an equimolar amount of 0.100 M pyridine (a nitrogen base with Kb = 1.4 * 10 ^-9)?

Finding pH

What is the pH of a solution made from 50.0 mL of 0.20 M NaOH with 100.0 mL of 0.10 M NH4Cl. Kb for ammonia = 1.8* 10 ^-5

Tryptophan and Stereoisomerism

Several years ago people who were taking supplements of tryptophan (an essential amino acid that we must take in our food for normal growth and maintenance of a healthy body; without it we could not live) started becoming very ill. Some individuals suggested that tryptophan was what was causing the disease. For most amino acid

Problem Set - Help setting up

1 How many grams of oxygen are required to fill a 4.5 x 103 liter hyperbaric chamber at a pressure of 225 cm Hg and 62 F? If the same quantity of oxygen, was pumped back into a gas cylinder at a pressure of 200 atm and at 75&#61616; F, what would the volume be? 2 Any number of green plants can photosynthesize glucose (C6H12O

Acidic and basic solutions

Predict whether aqueous solutions of each of the following salts are acidic, neutral, or basic: Potassium iodide Potassium hydrogen phosphate Are these two kind of similar? I thought that potassium did not react with water. or does it form KOH and then would always be the strongest because OH is the strongest base?

Salt solution: acidic or basic?

Predict whether aqueous solutions of each of the following salts are acidic, neutral, or basic. Sodium hydrogen carbonate In class we just learned to look on the table and see if one was a weak acid or strong base, then decide what the solution would be. However, I can't find some of them on the table so then I believe

Acid/base solution

Predict whether the aqueous solution of the following salt is acidic, neutral, or basic: Potassium hydrogen phosphate

Calculation of buffer solutions

Please show me how to solve this problem, step by step. 0.50 molar solutions of the following weak acids HOCL and NaOCL are available. What volume in mL of a 1.00 molar NaOH solution should be added to 1.00 L of the above acid solution to create a buffer with a pH of 7.16? Ka = 3.5 x 10-8, Pka = 7.46